Cases reported "Panuveitis"

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1/59. Presumed ocular bartonellosis.

    BACKGROUND: The spectrum of diseases caused by bartonella henselae continues to expand and ocular involvement during this infection is being diagnosed with increasing frequency. methods: The clinical features and visual prognosis for 13 patients with intraocular inflammatory disease and laboratory evidence of bartonellosis were investigated. There were nine patients with neuroretinitis and four with panuveitis with positive antibody titres against B henselae determined by an enzyme immunoassay (IgG exceeding 1:900 and/or IgM exceeding 1:250). RESULTS: Positive IgG levels were found for eight patients and positive IgM levels for five. Despite animal exposure of 10 patients, only two (IgG positive) cases had systemic symptoms consistent with the diagnosis of cat scratch disease. Pathological fluorescein leakage of the optic disc was observed in all affected eyes. At 6 months' follow up, 3/18 (17%) affected eyes had a visual acuity of less than 20/100, owing to optic disc atrophy and cystoid macular oedema. 12 patients (17 eyes) were treated with antibiotics; visual acuity improved two or more Snellen lines for 9/17 (53%) eyes. CONCLUSIONS: The possibility of B henselae infection should be considered in patients with neuroretinitis and panuveitis (especially in cases with associated optic nerve involvement) even in the absence of systemic symptoms typical for cat scratch disease. ( info)

2/59. Bilateral granulomatous panuveitis as initial presentation of diffuse systemic T cell lymphoma.

    A high-grade diffuse T cell lymphoma, initially simulating bilateral panuveitis, was diagnosed by analysis of a vitreous biopsy specimen and a breast tumor in a 57-year-old woman. It responded favorably to aggressive chemotherapy before it relapsed in leukemic transformation. This case emphasizes the misleading initial symptoms of primary intraocular lymphoma and the role of immunophenotyping in the diagnosis and classification of lymphoproliferative ocular disorders. The presentation and management of uveal lymphoid neoplasia are discussed. ( info)

3/59. retinitis pigmentosa, Coats disease and uveitis.

    PURPOSE: To study the anamnestic immune response to retinal specific antigens of two patients suffering from a rare triad of retinitis pigmentosa, Coats disease and uveitis. patients: 17-year-old girl presented with an acute episode of panuveitis, and her 19-year-old brother suffered from chronic uveitis. On examination, both patients showed retinal vascular changes and subretinal exudations typical of Coats disease, with bone-spicule pigmentary changes as observed in retinitis pigmentosa. RESULTS: All routine examinations were unrevealing. However, the peripheral lymphocytes from these two siblings gave a specific anamnestic response to retinal antigens in vitro. A stimulation index of 4.6 was obtained when the sister's lymphocytes were stimulated with interphotoreceptor binding protein, IRBP--during the acute stage of the uveitis. The brother's lymphocytes showed a stimulation index of 2.7 towards S-Ag during the chronic phase of his uveitic condition. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that autoimmunity towards retinal antigens may play some role in specific types of retinitis pigmentosa. Whether these autoimmune reactions are a primary pathological mechanism or are secondary to the extensive destruction of the photoreceptor layer resulting from the retinitis pigmentosa remains debatable. ( info)

4/59. Multifocal choroiditis with panuveitis and punctate inner choroidopathy: a mini review.

    Multifocal choroiditis and punctate inner choroidopathy cause scattered acute chorioretinal lesions in the fundus. Secondary choroidal neovascularization and, more rarely, diffuse subretinal fibrosis without obvious neovascularization are associated with both syndromes and cause severe visual loss. Both disorders are of unknown etiology and have many similarities. It is our purpose to present four such cases with emphasis on their fluorescein and indocyanine green angiographic appearance. We review shortly the literature on the subject. ( info)

5/59. Retinal tears associated with panuveitis and Behcet's disease.

    To report retinal tears formation in 3 eyes of 2 patients with active panuveitis and Behcet's disease. We describe 2 patients that were diagnosed and treated for Behcet's disease with active panuveitis. Retinal tears developed while the inflammation was active. The patients were treated with topical, oral steroids, and cyclosporine therapy for bilateral panuveitis. One patient presented with a retinal tear located at the periphery of the active retinal lesion. The other had multiple tears associated with active retinal lesions in both eyes. argon laser photocoagulation was performed in both patients as soon as the tears were detected. Ocular inflammation was controlled with this therapy, and only a few mild flare-ups occurred. The patients have been followed up for 8 and 16 months, respectively. During this period no new retinal tears have developed. Although retinal tear formation is rarely associated with Behcet's panuveitis, the clinician should be aware of this as a possible complication. When structural changes are present in the vitreous, detailed ophthalmoscopy is indicated to assess for retinal tears. If a tear is detected in a patient with panuveitis and Behcet's disease, laser photocoagulation therapy should be performed immediately to prevent retinal detachment. ( info)

6/59. Immunomodulatory therapy for chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis-associated uveitis.

    PURPOSE: To describe the clinical course and treatment with immunomodulatory agents in patients with tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis syndrome. methods: Retrospective analysis of the charts of six patients with tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis syndrome. RESULTS: The mean ( /-SD) age was 24.3 ( /-16.5) years, range 13 to 49 years. Four patients were children, and two were adults. Three were men, and three were women. Five of the six patients had anterior uveitis, and one had panuveitis. All patients had several relapses despite treatment with topical, regional, and oral steroids and methotrexate in one case. The introduction or modification of immunosuppressants (methotrexate, azathioprine, or cyclosporin A) achieved control of the uveitis and prevented relapses over a mean ( /-SD) follow-up period of 19.66 ( /-10.01) months, range 6 to 34 months. No treatment-related side effects were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis syndrome is a distinct disease entity in which the nephritis typically resolves, but the uveitis often becomes chronic and is treatment resistant. Immunomodulatory agents can achieve control of the inflammation and prevent relapses. ( info)

7/59. bartonella henselae associated uveitis and HLA-B27.

    AIM: To investigate the frequency of HLA-B27 in patients with presumed bartonella henselae associated uveitis and to describe the clinical characteristics of HLA-B27 positive patients with uveitis and presumed ocular bartonellosis (POB). methods: The diagnosis of POB was considered in 19 patients with unexplained uveitis (except for the HLA-B27 association) and high positive IgG (titre >/=1:900) and/or IgM (titre >/=1:250) antibodies against B henselae. In addition to B henselae serology and HLA-B27 typing, all patients underwent an extensive standard diagnostic screening procedure for uveitis and in all cases the results were within the normal limits. The control group consisted of 25 consecutive patients with panuveitis and negative B henselae serology. RESULTS: HLA-B27 was positive in six of the 19 patients (32%) with POB in contrast to the 4% frequency of HLA-B27 in the control group (p=0.03) and 8% prevalence of HLA-B27 in the Dutch population (p=0.003). At the time of positive Bartonella serological testing five of six HLA-B27 positive patients with POB had severe posterior segment involvement with papillitis, macular oedema, and vitreitis. The duration of intraocular inflammatory activity was more than 6 months in five HLA-B27 positive patients. Although four of the six HLA-B27 positive patients had previous recurrent attacks of acute anterior uveitis, the clinical presentation at the time of positive Bartonella serology differed, as illustrated by the involvement of the posterior segment and chronic course of the ocular disease. CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of HLA-B27 in patients with uveitis and serological characteristics of acute infection with B henselae is higher than in the general Dutch population. The findings of this study also suggest a relation between infection with Bartonella species and HLA-B27. ( info)

8/59. Labial adenocarcinoma after treatment with cyclosporin a in a patient with panuveitis.

    PURPOSE: To report a case of labial basal cell adenocarcinoma in a patient with uveitis on treatment with cyclosporin A. METHOD: Case report. A 73-year-old woman with panuveitis and retinal vasculitis presented with a lump on her lip after 52 months of treatment with cyclosporin A. RESULT: Excision biopsy showed a labial adenocarcinoma. CONCLUSION: Malignancy can occur after long-term cyclosporin A treatment for uveitis. ( info)

9/59. Macular ischaemia in Behcet's disease.

    PURPOSE: To report macular ischaemia and visual loss in patients with panuveitis due to Behcet's disease. methods: We describe macular ischaemia, a rare finding, in 3 eyes of 3 patients with panuveitis who were diagnosed and treated as having Behcet's disease. The patients underwent fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) using a digital imaging system and were treated with topical and oral steroids and cyclosporine in 2 cases, and with added azathioprine in the third case. RESULTS: The 3 eyes showed macular ischaemia associated with peripheral retinal vasculitis on FFA and control of inflammation was achieved in all cases. After an average of 2 years follow-up, visual acuity and macular ischaemia improved in 2 eyes, while no recovery was seen in the third. CONCLUSION: The presence of macular ischaemia on FFA in Behcet's disease is a predictor of poor visual outcome. Macular ischaemia may show partial recovery with the treatment of the disease. ( info)

10/59. True exfoliation of the lens capsule following uveitis.

    PURPOSE: To report a rare case of true exfoliation of the lens capsule following panuveitis, with slit-lamp photographs before and following the development of the true exfoliation. methods: Case report. review of the history and clinical features of a 70-year-old woman who developed true exfoliation during the treatment for panuveitis. RESULTS: After 7 months of treatment for bilateral panuveitis with topical steroid and tropicamide, the patient developed a thin, transparent membrane arising on the lens surface in the right eye. A diagnosis of true exfoliation of the lens capsule was made. CONCLUSIONS: True exfoliation of the lens capsule following uveitis may occur due to the weakening of the anterior capsule by metabolic disorder caused by uveitis and precipitated by repeated mydriasis. ( info)
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