Cases reported "Papillomavirus Infections"

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1/3. Metachronous carcinoma of the vulva and fallopian tube.

    BACKGROUND: Metachronous carcinoma of the vulva and fallopian tube is an unusual co-occurrence of gynecological malignancies. A report of such a case that developed and recurred over a 7-year period is presented. CASE: A 53-year-old G3P3 female presented with a verrucous carcinoma of the vulva and a serous papillary adenocarcinoma of the left fallopian tube metachronously. To investigate a possible association between the co-occurrence of the rare neoplasms and factors associated with multiple gynecological malignancies, we analyzed the status of human papillomavirus infection and dna mismatch repair deficiency as indicated by microsatellite instability. All samples analyzed were negative for these factors. CONCLUSION: The present results support the possibility that metachronous carcinomas of the vulva and fallopian tube involve unknown etiological factors or arise independently.
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ranking = 1
keywords = gynecologic
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2/3. Identification of cytomegalovirus in a liquid-based gynecologic sample using morphology, immunohistochemistry, and DNA real-time PCR detection.

    The viral cytopathic effects of cytomegalovirus (CMV) are rarely encountered in conventional cervical vaginal smears and have never been reported in a liquid-based gynecologic sample (SurePath). We present results of a liquid-based gynecologic sample (SurePath) from an asymptomatic patient with classic CMV-associated granular or dense cyanophilic intracytoplasmic and intranuclear inclusion bodies with a clear surrounding zone. These inclusions were immunohistochemically positive for CMV. The patient also had human papilloma virus (HPV)-associated koilocytes that showed a unique perinuclear immunostaining pattern suggesting coinfection with both CMV and HPV. CMV amplification using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of DNA extracted from the liquid-based sample confirmed the morphologic and immunohistochemical findings of CMV infection. These observations suggest that a liquid-based preparation can be used to assess CMV infection morphologically, immunohistochemically, and by real-time PCR.
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ranking = 3
keywords = gynecologic
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3/3. A case with multiple gynecological malignancies.

    A patient with cervical non-Hodgkin lymphoma was treated with chemotherapy. Fourteen months after the diagnosis of the lymphoma, an endometrial adenocarcinoma was detected as a secondary malignant tumor. The patient was treated with surgery followed by radiotherapy. Approximately 7 years after the diagnosis of endometrial cancer, vaginal invasive squamous cell carcinoma was diagnosed as the third primary malignancy, and a second-line palliative radiotherapy was applied. Seven months after the last radiotherapy, postradiational sarcoma in the vagina was diagnosed. Congenital and acquired immune system disorders, viral oncogenes, and various human leukocyte antigen (HLA) types were investigated. Total blood count and lymphocyte subset analysis were performed, and CD4 lymphopenia was detected. serologic tests were carried out for human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis b virus, human papillomavirus, Epstein-Barr virus, and herpes simplex virus infection. Epstein-Barr virus viral capsid antigen IgG was found positive. Low-risk human papillomavirus panel was detected by Hybrid Capture method in the cervical smear. The HLA investigation revealed HLA-A2, HLA-A3, HLA-B57, HLA-B35, HLA-B4, HLA-B6, HLA-DR3, HLA-DR1, HLA-DR51, HLA-DR52, HLA-DQ6(1), and HLA-DQ7(3). The patient died because of the disease.
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ranking = 2
keywords = gynecologic
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