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1/77. Management of incidentally discovered cervical paragangliomas: report of two cases and review of current issues.

    Paragangliomas of the head and neck are uncommon neoplasms arising from the extra-adrenal paraganglia and include carotid body and glomus vagale tumors. These lesions may be discovered incidentally by imaging studies performed to evaluate carotid atherosclerotic occlusive disease. Incidental paragangliomas of the head and neck may be smaller than those discovered due to symptoms. Although surgical resection remains the definitive treatment for head and neck paragangliomas, important issues of management arise when such lesions are discovered. Two recent cases are reported. epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnostic evaluation, and issues of management of head and neck paragangliomas are discussed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = glomus
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2/77. Nasal paraganglioma. A case report.

    Nasal paraganglioma. A case report. Nonchromaffin paragangliomas or chemodectomas arise in paraganglia distributed in various parts of the body. The jugular bulb, the vagal body and the bifurcation of the carotid artery are the most common sites of origin of paraganglioma in the head and neck region. Paragangliomas in the nose and paranasal sinuses are extremely rare and very few cases of definite paraganglioma arising primarily in the nose or paranasal sinuses have been reported. The paraganglioma is a slow-growing tumour that produces nasal obstruction, profuse epistaxis and facial swelling. Complete excision of the glomus tumour is normally curative. We report a case of nasal paraganglioma and discuss the diagnosis and therapy.
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ranking = 1.8160545927879
keywords = glomus, glomus tumour
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3/77. Fine needle aspiration cytology of cutaneous vascular tumours.

    We have studied 12 cutaneous vascular tumours by means of fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC): six capillary haemangiomas, one cavernous haemangioma, one Masson's pseudo-angiosarcoma, two angiosarcomas, one benign haemangioendothelioma and one glomus tumour. We describe the main cytopathological findings and we discuss the differential diagnosis in each case. We consider that the cytopathological findings of the above lesions, evaluated in the context of the clinical findings, are sufficiently characteristic for us to be able to make a definitive diagnosis. We believe that FNAC can play an important part in the diagnosis and therapeutic planning of these tumours.
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ranking = 1.8160545927879
keywords = glomus, glomus tumour
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4/77. Chemodectoma of the vagus nerve. Report of a case with ultrastructural study.

    light and electron microscopic studies of a chemodectoma of the vagus nerve are presented. Forty-four cases of vagal chemodectoma have been reported to date, but no electronmicroscopic studies have been published. The ultramicroscopic studies showed the presence of clear and dark cells and membrane-bound neurosecretory granules, and the absence of sustentacular cells and nerve endings. Similar findings have been reported in cases of carotid body and glomus jugulare tumors.
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ranking = 1
keywords = glomus
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5/77. Familial paraganglioma.

    Paragangliomas are unusual tumors that are sometimes familial. We treated a family who exhibited multiple head and neck paragangliomas (HNPGs) and pheochromocytomas. The purpose was to determine the clinical characteristics of paragangliomas with familial history and to define a better standardized proceeding in the management of these tumors. patients diagnosed with head and neck paragangliomas and identified retrospectively through clinical otolaryngology practices were given a medical and family history questionnaire. We studied a family who exhibited familial paragangliomas. This relationship was examined by reviewing the medical records of family members with verified tumors, carrying out neck computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging on their relatives to look for tumors that had been unrecognized in the past. All patients underwent a complete head and neck examination. The initial evaluation usually included CT and/or MRI. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging contributed additional information about tumor extension. angiography was performed in every patient with carotid body tumor, with one undergoing therapeutic embolization to reduce the tumor size. Eleven tumors were identified in four patients with a familial history. Familial disease was initially determined by pedigree analysis. Four patients with a median age of 31 years (range: 25-42) underwent surgery. Median follow-up was 5 years (range 2-14); carotid angiography provided essential mainstays for the definite diagnosis. All patients underwent successful surgical resection of the tumor after the appropriate preoperative preparation. There were no perioperative deaths or hemiplegia. Three patients had bilaterality carotid body paragangliomas. One patient had three paragangliomas, and two patients had bilateral carotid body paragangliomas associated with pheochromocytoma. Clinically functioning tumors and malignant tumors were not identified, and none of the patients died after surgery. During follow-up, none of the patients developed recurrence or metastatic disease. The carotid body paraganglioma (CBPG) and glomus vagale manifested as asymptomatic neck masses. The clinical pheochromocytomas typically present with uncontrolled hypertension. In conclusion, paragangliomas are rare, with multicentricity being more common in patients with a familial history. In patients with familial paragangliomas, high-resolution computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are recommended for early screening and contributed additional information about the tumor extension and definitive treatment. Early surgery is recommended to minimize major risks.
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ranking = 1
keywords = glomus
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6/77. Glomus jugulare tumours. (A series of 21 cases).

    Twenty-one cases of glomus jugulare tumours were analysed in retrospect. Six had been treated surgically, ten by irradiation, and five by a combination of incomplete surgical excision followed by irradiation. Recurrences appeared in four cases, but no patient has died of the tumour during the follow-up period which is from a few months to eleven years. Metastases were not found in any case. The optimal time of irradiation in combined treatment is discussed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = glomus
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7/77. Tumor of glomus jugulare report of a case.

    A typical case of glomus jugulare tumor was presented. This 42-year-old man suffering from a left-sided impaired hearing progressive over a five year period was found to have a small hemorrhagic polypoid tumor in the left external auditory canal. After repeated surgical treatments the tumor removed was light and electron microscopically diagnosed as glomus jugulare tumor which corresponded to the 13th case in this country. The implication that this tumor may constitute a distinctive group of tumor among the neuroendocrine tumors from other sites was discussed from the facts of the presence of a large number of rather small argyrophilic granules of secretory type in the cytoplasm of tumor cells including the present case and of the appearance of increasing cases with functioning glomus jugulare tumor secreting catecholamine in the recent medical literature.
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ranking = 7
keywords = glomus
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8/77. glomus tympanicum--excision by radical mastoidectomy exposure with autograft reconstruction.

    Wide surgical exposure, total tumor removal and anatomic and functional reconstruction are the goals of tumor management. These goals are met by radical mastoidectomy exposure for the removal of glomus tympanicum tumors and reconstruction by autograft replacement of the posterior osseous canal, and if the tympanic membrane, malleus and incus are removed for tumor exposure, autograft replacement may also be accomplished. The history, physical findings, x-rays and details of surgical management of two patients with glomus tympanicum are reviewed. Wide removal of the posterior osseous canal, just lateral to the VIIth nerve with total replacement of this segment gives excellent exposure of the middle ear space and affords total reconstruction of the posterior osseous canal.
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ranking = 2
keywords = glomus
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9/77. Functional tumors of the organ of Zuckerkandl.

    Chromaffin-reacting pheochromocytomas of the adrenal medulla are the most frequently encountered functional paraganglionic neoplasms. However, extra-adrenal pheochromocytomas as well as non-chromaffin paragangliomas, including those of the carotid body and glomus jugulare, may produce symptoms from catecholamine secretion. One of the extra-adrenal sites from which these tumors arise is from a collection of para-aortic, paraganglion cells around the origin of the inferior mesenteric artery. This collection of paraganglia was described in fetuses by Zuckerkandl in 1901 and has subsequently been referred to as the organ of Zuckerkandl. The diagnosis and management of these neoplasms differ somewhat from that of adrenal pheochromocytomas, but excellent results are often obtained by excision of these lesions. Four patients with functional tumors of the organ of Zuckerkandl are reviewed together with the other reported cases in the literature.
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ranking = 1
keywords = glomus
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10/77. glomus jugulare tumor. Disseminated form in the central nervous system.

    We will describe a case of glomus jugulare tumor that illustrates the potential for multiple areas of metastasis throughout the central nervous system. Extension through the dura into the subarachnoid space allows seeding via the cerebrospinal fluid as far away as the cauda equina. We will review the usual clinical course of the tumor and will evaluate the symptoms relative to the location of extension. In this case, the symptoms related to increased intracranial pressure with brain stem compression, which progressed rapidly to cause the patient's death.
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ranking = 1
keywords = glomus
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