Cases reported "Paraganglioma"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/67. Hereditary paraganglioma.

    head and neck paraganglioma is a rare tumour, especially in its familial form. We report a case of a multifocal head and neck paraganglioma in a young man with a family history of cervical tumours. At the age of 24, exploration of a left cervical swelling disclosed jugulotympanic and carotid body paragangliomas. Surgical removal of both tumours was performed. Two years later, a right carotid body as well as vagal paragangliomas were discovered. Follow-up at age 30 demonstrated relapse of the bilateral cervical paragangliomas, but also aortopulmonary and mesogastric paragangliomas. Cervical paragangliomas were also detected in the patient's sister and daughter, but not in his father. Furthermore, the proband's paternal grandmother and a maternal great-uncle had a history of 'neck scar'. This family history is suggestive of an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance with maternal genomic imprinting. Genetic analysis of paraganglioma kindreds showed linkage with two different loci: 11q13.1 and 11q22.3-q23. Further knowledge of the genes involved could provide early diagnosis and accurate genetic counselling in affected families. Thorough familial investigation is consequently mandatory in all head and neck paragangliomas, especially in younger patients with multiple localizations, as surgical removal is safer at an early stage.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = body
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/67. Malignant paraganglioma of frontoethmoidal region.

    Nonchromaffin paragangliomas are unusual tumours arising from widely distributed paraganglionic tissues probably of neural crest origin. In the head and neck region they are usually seen as carotid body or jugulotympanic tumours. Other rarely reported sites in the head and neck region are the orbit, nose and larynx. This report deals with a case of sinonasal paraganglioma which was initially treated with surgery and radiotherapy. Twenty two years later the tumour recurred and showed a rapid growth due to malignant transformation which we believe is late effect of radiotherapy. The clinical features, histopathology and role of radiotherapy in sinonasal paragangliomas together with a review of the medical literature have been discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = body
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/67. Reversible sensorineural hearing impairment induced by a carotid body tumor.

    A case of a 62-year-old Austrian man having a 25-year history of a right-sided carotid body tumor (CBT) is presented. Three months before being transferred to the University of Vienna for tumor resection the patient developed symptoms of tinnitus, progressive ipsilateral hearing loss and dysphagia. Pure-tone audiometry demonstrated a 50 dB right sensorineural hearing loss. A 6 x 6 x 4 cm firm, pulsatile mass was found in the right carotid triangle and extending towards the base of the skull. One week after radical tumor resection all preoperative symptoms disappeared and hearing of the right ear recovered. review of the available literature showed that hearing loss and tinnitus are unusual symptoms of a CBT. Our findings suggest that routine audiometric evaluations in such cases of CBT patients should be obtained in order to determine the real incidence of audiological disorders.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2.5
keywords = body
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/67. paraganglioma as a systemic syndrome: pitfalls and strategies.

    Tumours of the neuroendocrine system in the head and neck region are mostly paragangliomas of the glomus tympanicum or jugulare, or of the carotid body. The majority of these tumours are benign, and the coexistence of multiple paragangliomas seems to be rare. Pre-operative embolization and surgery are regarded as primary therapy for these tumours. The treatment regimen in any patient depends on age, general health, hearing status and the function of the lower cranial nerves. Several presentations are possible in which paragangliomas occur as systemic disease. 1. Paragangliomas may occur bilaterally, or, in rare cases, in multiple areas. Pre-operative bilateral angiography is of utmost importance. In case of multicentricity, it might be necessary to proceed without, or just with, unilateral surgery for preservation of adjacent structures. In surgery of jugular vein paraganglioma, we usually perform a modified transmastoidal and transcervical approach with preservation of middle-ear structures and the ossicles. As an alternative or supplement to surgery, radiotherapy or definitive embolization may be used in the treatment of paragangliomas. 2. Paragangliomas may occur as multiple endocrine neoplasia (men) syndrome combined with medullary thyroid gland carcinoma, and, facultatively, pheochromocytoma. In these cases, endocrinological examination and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the adrenal region, the thorax and the neck are required for an adequate therapeutic strategy. As men may be inherited, family history should be evaluated. 3. Paragangliomas can became malignant and metastasize. Thus, cervical lymph node metastases or distant metastases may occur. We recommend the removal of all ipsilateral lymph nodes and their histological examination.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = body
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/67. neck mass caused by an intraluminal jugular paraganglioma.

    Paragangliomas can develop in a number of head and neck sites, the most common being the carotid body paragangliomas and glomus jugulare tumours. This is a case of a paraganglioma confined entirely within the lumen of the jugular vein.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = body
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/67. Schwannoma with angiosarcoma. Report of a case and comparison with other types of nerve tumors with angiosarcoma.

    BACKGROUND: Schwannoma with angiosarcomatous change is a rare tumor, the clinical characteristics of which have not been analyzed. methods: A patient with schwannoma with angiosarcoma arising in the midneck and clinically mimicking a carotid body paraganglioma is described with a literature review of all previously reported cases and a comparison of their clinical features with those of schwannoma with conventional malignant transformation and cases of neurofibroma and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) with angiosarcoma. RESULTS: There are four reported cases, including the present case. Schwannoma with angiosarcoma affects older adults, mainly men. Three tumors arose from the vagus nerve in the neck. Three of the four angiosarcomas were epithelioid in type. Treatment in all cases was surgical resection followed by radiation and chemotherapy in one case and by radiation alone in another. One patient died with residual local angiosarcoma 5 months after the diagnosis. The remaining three patients were alive and disease free at 27 months, 43 months, and 90 months, with distant metastasis (after 15 months) reported only in the patient described in this case report. CONCLUSIONS: Schwannoma with angiosarcoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of presumed carotid body paragangliomas. Like angiosarcoma alone and schwannoma with conventional malignant transformation, but unlike cases of neurofibroma and MPNST with angiosarcoma, the patients are older adults, and there is a male prevalence. Schwannoma with angiosarcoma is capable of local spread with a fatal outcome and of distant metastasis, but follow-up strongly suggests that these patients have a better prognosis than patients with neurofibroma or MPNST with angiosarcoma. Recommended treatment is attempted complete surgical resection followed by radiation therapy and chemotherapy, if it can be tolerated by the patient.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = body
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/67. Sympathetic paraganglioma as an unusual cause of Horner's syndrome.

    BACKGROUND: Paragangliomas are rare tumors arising from paraganglionic tissue of neural crest origin. They are present in any location where autonomic ganglia are found. The most common location in the head and neck is the carotid body, followed by the jugular bulb and vagus nerve. methods: A 30-year-old woman with a slowly growing left neck mass, aniscoria, and left eyelid ptosis was found to have a vascular tumor consistent with a paraganglioma arising near the left carotid bifurcation. After preoperative embolization, the patient underwent resection of the tumor. RESULTS: The tumor was found to be arising from the left sympathetic trunk and did not involve any other surrounding structures. Histopathologic analysis revealed the typical findings of a paraganglioma. CONCLUSIONS: Sympathetic paragangliomas are exceedingly rare tumors in the head and neck and should be considered in the differential diagnosis when clinical and radiographic evidence suggest a paraganglioma. The presentation is typically a slow-growing neck mass with the presence of an ipsilateral Horner's syndrome.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = body
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/67. Preoperative embolization in the management of a mediastinal paraganglioma.

    Parangliomas are rare and highly vascular tumors of neuroendocrine cell origin which are treated by complete surgical resection. Preoperative embolization to reduce perioperative bleeding complications, although described in paragangliomas of the neck and carotid body, has never before been described in the case of a mediastinal paraganglioma. The following is a presentation of such a case of mediastinal paraganglioma, in which embolization was used successfully before surgical resection.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = body
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/67. Carotid body tumour.

    A case of carotid body tumour (paraganglioma) which is both unusual and highly vascular, arising from the carotid body is reported. The patient was a 68-year-old female with a right submandibular swelling. The initial pathological diagnosis was obtained from the incisional biopsy. Carotid angiography revealed the feeding vessels arising only from the external carotid artery. The tumour was completely removed and no evidence of recurrence could be found 2-years postoperatively.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3
keywords = body
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/67. An unusual bilateral cervical paraganglioma: a case report.

    Paragangliomas are neoplasms originating from paraganglion tissue derived from mesoderm, the most common location being adjacent to carotid bifurcation. Rarely these tumours can be bilateral. We present here a case of bilateral paraganglioma occurring in a young woman. On one side the tumour was arising from the vagus nerve and on the other, from the carotid body. Clinical, radiological and histopathological features and treatment dilemmas are discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = body
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Paraganglioma'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.