Cases reported "Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms"

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1/117. pneumocephalus associated with ethmoidal sinus osteoma--case report.

    A 35-year-old female suffered sudden onset of severe headache upon blowing her nose. No rhinorrhea or signs of meningeal irritation were noted. Computed tomography (CT) with bone windows clearly delineated a bony mass in the right ethmoid sinus, extending into the orbit and intracranially. Conventional CT demonstrated multiple air bubbles in the cisterns and around the mass in the right frontal skull base, suggesting that the mass was associated with entry of the air bubbles into the cranial cavity. T1- and T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging showed a low-signal lesion that appeared to be an osteoma but did not show any air bubbles. Through a wide bilateral frontal craniotomy, the cauliflower-like osteoma was found to be protruding intracranially through the skull base and the overlying dura mater. The osteoma was removed, and the dural defect was covered with a fascia graft. Histological examination confirmed that the lesion was an osteoma. The operative procedure resolved the problem of air entry. CT is superior to MR imaging for diagnosing pneumocephalus, by providing a better assessment of bony destruction and better detection of small amounts of intracranial air.
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2/117. Congenital nasal hemangiopericytoma: intrauterine, intraoperative, and histologic findings.

    hemangiopericytoma is a rare tumor of mesenchymal origin. To date, 91 cases of nasal or paranasal hemangiopericytoma and 59 congenital hemangiopericytomas have been reported in the literature. A congenital hemangiopericytoma arising from the nasal cavity and skull base has not yet been described. We report a case of a male newborn with a highly vascular nasal tumor diagnosed by in utero sonography with three-dimensional surface reconstruction. The tumor extended to the right anterior skull base, the right nasal cavity, and the right side of the nasal pyramid. A complete resection by neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet-potassium titanyl phosphate ("Nd:YAG-KTP") laser was performed on the day of cesarean section at 33 weeks' gestation. The tumor was diagnosed as hemangiopericytoma by histologic and immunohistochemical findings. Postoperative nasal flow, feeding, and sight were unimpaired. At the 9-month follow-up, the infant remained free of disease.
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3/117. Postoperative radiotherapy of paranasal sinus tumours: a challenge for intensity modulated radiotherapy.

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) is used in our department for treatment of paranasal sinuses. We describe the methodology that was developed together with the clinical implementation, illustrated by a case report. MATERIAL AND methods: Patient history, treatment and short follow-up are described. An IMRT, obtained by superposition of static beam segments was implemented. Electronic portal images, compared to digitally reconstructed radiographs (DRR) were used to evaluate and adjust patient positioning. RESULTS, DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: IMRT is an appropriate and feasible treatment technique for head and neck cancer in anatomical regions that are difficult to treat. A high tumour dose can be combined with a good sparing of the surrounding organs at risk (OAR's).
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keywords = operative
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4/117. Management of sinonasal hemangiopericytomas.

    The purpose of the present study is to report four cases of sinonasal hemangiopericytoma (HP) diagnosed and treated in our department between 1987 and 1998. The pretreatment findings and the treatment are described and discussed in the light of the literature. HP are unusual vascular tumors, featuring pericytes distributed around normal vascular channels. Two of these four cases were located in the nasal cavity and the other two were located in the maxillary sinus. Inside the nasal cavity, HP presented as a protruding reddish-gray mass with marked bleeding on contact. Electron microscopy and immunohistochemical techniques are essential for diagnosis and to distinguish HP from other sarcomatous tumors. Preoperative assessment included routine CT, MRI, arteriography and selective embolization. These tumors must be treated surgically with complete excision. An endonasal approach was performed in two cases of intranasal HP, while a combined external-endonasal approach was required for the other two cases of HP.
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5/117. Endoscopic sinus surgery for ethmoid sinus meningioma.

    Meningiomas in the ethmoid sinuses are a challenge to manage. A 50-year-old man suffered from a left olfactory groove meningioma. He underwent a bilateral craniotomy to remove the tumor mass in August, 1997. During the follow-up period, a tumor was found in the right posterior ethmoid sinus. Endoscopic sinus surgery was performed to remove the tumor mass in August, 1998. Pathologic examination of the mass revealed a meningioma. No intraoperative or postoperative complications occurred, except for an episode of seizure.
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6/117. Myxoid chondrosarcoma of the sphenoid sinus and chondromyxoid fibroma of the iliac bone: cytomorphologic findings of two distinct and uncommon myxoid lesions.

    Myxoid chondrosarcoma (MCS) and chondromyxoid fibroma (CMF) are two uncommon myxoid cartilaginous neoplasms with distinct cytologic features, histologic patterns, and immunoprofiles. Because these neoplasms have characteristic biological behaviors and management, their correct diagnosis is crucial to avoid debilitating and unnecessary surgical procedures. We report the imprint cytology (IC) preparation findings along with the differential diagnosis in one case each of myxoid chondrosarcoma and chondromyxoid fibroma of the splenoid sinus and iliac bone, respectively. The two great mimickers for these neoplasms, chordoma and chondrosarcoma, represent difficult diagnostic challenges, especially when MCS and CMF occur in unusual locations. IC in conjunction with the clinical and radiologic findings can provide a rapid preliminary intraoperative diagnostic interpretation which can aid in planning the immediate surgical management, as well as guide specific tissue triage for key ancillary studies such as electron microscopy and cytogenetic analyses. To the best of our knowledge, there have been no cytologic reports of MCS of the sphenoid sinus and CMF of the iliac bone.
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7/117. Craniofacial hemangiopericytoma associated with oncogenic osteomalacia: case report.

    A craniofacial hemangiopericytoma associated with oncogenic osteomalacia is described and the literature is reviewed. A 46 year-old male with multiple fractures and hypophosphatemia was found to have a craniofacial mass extending from the right ethmoid sinus into the right frontal lobe. Initial detection of the tumor was made with an 111Indium-pentreotide scan (Octreoscan). Gross total resection of the tumor was achieved and the patient received postoperative radiation therapy. One year after surgery, the patient remains free of tumor with significant increase in bone density and normal phosphate levels. This is the first report of a hemangiopericytoma invading the brain that was associated with paraneoplastic hypophosphatemia and osteomalacia. Also, this is the first reported detection of a hemangiopericytoma by an Octreoscan. Primary detection and secondary surveillance of hemangiopericytomas may be possible with serial Octreoscans.
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keywords = operative
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8/117. Spontaneous peritumoral haemorrhage associated with sinus confluence meningioma: case report.

    BACKGROUND: Torcular or sinus confluence meningioma is rare and surgically formidable. This reported sinus confluence meningioma was associated with peritumoral intracerebral hemorrhage. The surgical strategy and the mechanism of peritumoral hemorrhage are discussed. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 42-year-old woman presented with a history of headache, vomiting, and cerebellar dysfunction for 2 months. Plain computed tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated a high-density mass in the torcular region involving both lateral sinuses. MR angiography demonstrated complete occlusion of the left lateral sinus and straight sinus and stenosis of the right lateral sinus. Two years after her first operation she experienced sudden headache and left upper quadrant hemianopsia. Plain CT scan and MRI showed a hyperintense tumor in the torcular region with an intracerebral hematoma in the right occipital lobe. An angiogram demonstrated occlusion of the caudal part of the superior sagittal sinus, bilateral transverse sinuses, and straight sinus.Gross total removal of the tumor was done along with the left lateral sinus through a suboccipital and a supratentorial occipital craniotomy in the first operation. The patient underwent total resection of the tumor at second operation through a bilateral occipital and suboccipital craniotomy along with resection of the dura including the confluence, the caudal part of the superior sagittal sinus, the right lateral sinus, and the straight sinus. The postoperative course was uneventful and postoperative MRI showed total removal of the tumor. CONCLUSION: Sinus confluence meningioma may present with peritumoral hemorrhage. Radical removal may be possible when the sinus confluence is completely occluded and there is good collateral drainage.
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ranking = 2
keywords = operative
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9/117. Biologic characteristics of paragangliomas of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses.

    Paragangliomas of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses are extremely rare. This study was conducted to investigate the biologic characteristics of these lesions on different molecular levels and to estimate their biologic behavior. Operative specimens of three patients who underwent surgery for a paraganglioma of the nasal cavity (one case) or paranasal sinuses (two cases) were investigated by routine histology, quantitative dna analysis, and immunohistochemical assessment of proliferation markers (i.e., proliferating cell nuclear antigen, PCNA; Ki67-MIB-1), the expression of cell-surface antigens, which reflect the tumor-stroma interaction (i.e., CD 44 v0.4/5 and 6, CD 54, CD 106), oncogene products (nm-23; p53), and bcl-2 as a marker of apoptosis. Histologically, two tumors were paragangliomas of the adenomatous subtype, one lesion was classified as angiomatous. According to dna analysis, aneuploid cells were detected in all tumors. Two of three paragangliomas were classified as a dna type III pattern, implying a high percentage of aneuploid cells and an aggressive behavior. Immunohistochemically, paragangliomas of the nasal cavity showed increased scores for both proliferation markers tested, indicating a rapid growth pattern. According to the expression of cell-surface markers and oncogene products, these tumors displayed an aggressive behavior and an infiltrating growth pattern. The highest value for the parameters of quantitative dna analysis and highest proliferation scores were found in a tumor of a patient who developed multiple tumor recurrences after radical excision of the lesion with clear margins, and finally died of disease. In conclusion, paragangliomas of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses examined in this study should be regarded as suspicious concerning their biologic and clinical behavior. Radical excision, and in cases with highly aggressive biology, postoperative radiation therapy are recommended. Tumor biologic examinations can help to recognize high-risk patients for developing recurrences and possibly lesions with a malignant behavior and to enhance our understanding of the biology of these extremely rare tumors of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses.
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10/117. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses.

    Malignant fibrous histiocytomas are uncommon in the head and neck, the sinonasal tract being the most common location. This report describes 5 cases in this area: two in the nasal cavity, two in the maxillary sinus, and one in the frontal sinus. Four were primary cases and one was secondary to previous irradiation. All patients received surgical treatment, one of them with postoperative irradiation. All five patients experienced local recurrences and three also experienced distant metastases. Only one of these recurrences was successfully salvaged and the patient is alive and free of disease 3 years after resection. A summary of knowledge about the entity is reviewed.
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