Cases reported "Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms"

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1/37. Pituitary adenomas with infra-sellar extension into the nasopharynx.

    Three cases of pituitary adenomas with infra-sellar extension into the nasopharynx and the nasal cavities are reported. The clinical signs were epistaxis, nasal obstruction, painful sinuses and purulent rhinorrhoea. The initial diagnostic hypothesis was that of a carcinoma of the nasopharynx or the sinuses in all three cases. The diagnosis was made by histological examination and measurement of plasma hormone levels. These cases highlight the difficulty in the diagnosis of such tumours due to their misleading clinical, radiological and histological features.
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keywords = sella
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2/37. Neuro-ophthalmologic manifestations of neuroendocrine carcinoma.

    The neuro-ophthalmologic findings of parasellar neuroendocrine carcinoma are reported. Two patients with parasellar neuroendocrine carcinoma had headache, ptosis, and ophthalmoplegia. In both patients, neuroimaging revealed a parasellar mass with extension into the cavernous sinus. The tumors initially were believed to be pituitary adenomas, but histopathology confirmed neuroendocrine carcinoma. Clinicians should be aware of neuroendocrine carcinoma in the differential diagnosis of sellar/parasellar lesions causing ophthalmoplegia.
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keywords = sella
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3/37. Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia in a vascular lesion of the paranasal sinus.

    Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (IPEH) is usually a cutaneous lesion thought to represent a peculiar manifestation of an organizing thrombus. The principal significance of IPEH is its microscopic resemblance to angiosarcoma and possible misinterpretation as such. The occurrence of IPEH in the paranasal sinus is exceedingly rare. In this article, we report the first case to our knowledge of IPEH in a vascular lesion that originated from the ethmoid sinus and extended into the sphenoid sinus and sella. Despite the benign nature of this lesion, it could have been mistaken for a malignant tumor because of its clinical course and radiologic findings.
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keywords = sella
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4/37. Infrasellar craniopharyngioma: case report.

    We report a case of infrasellar craniopharyngioma in a 34 year-old woman who presented with progressive headache and diplopia. Computed tomographic and magnetic resonance images showed a heterogeneous tumor originating from the sphenoid bone with ethmoid sinus and sella turcica extension. A sublabial rhinoseptal transsphenoidal surgery was performed. Craniopharyngiomas with infrasellar development are very rare. Infrasellar craniopharyngioma is uncommon, thirty-five cases has been reported in literature. The embryology, clinical features and radiographic investigation of these tumors are discussed.
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ranking = 5.3861847631819
keywords = sella turcica, turcica, sella
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5/37. craniopharyngioma involving supfrasellar region and sphenoid sinus: case report.

    Craniopharyngiomas are benign, epithelial, slow-growing neoplasms that generally develop either in the suprasellar region or in both the suprasellar and intrasellar regions. They rarely occurs in the infrasellar region. Based on embryologic development of adenohypophysis, the tumor can arise along the path of the craniopharyngeal duct. We report on an 8- year-old boy who presented to us with headache and anorexia for several weeks during May 1999. brain MRI revealed a huge sphenoid tumor. The tumor was completely excised by functional endoscopic sinus surgery on 12th August 1999. The postoperative course was smooth and no evidence of tumor recurrence was found on his latest follow-up visit in February, 2000. From the clinical experience with this case, functional endoscopic sinus surgery is an alternative and a less-harmful surgical procedure for this kind of benign sphenoid tumor. Moreover, embryology development, epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic method and treatment of craniopharyngioma are discussed.
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ranking = 1.6
keywords = sella
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6/37. Nasopharyngeal extension of a craniopharyngioma in a 4 year old girl.

    Nasopharyngeal extension of a craniopharyngioma is very rare and usually presents with headache, nasal obstruction and visual disturbances. We present a case of a 4 year old girl, who became symptomatic with visual deterioration. MRI showed a huge supra - and infrasellar cystic craniopharyngioma with extension into the sphenoid sinus. Primary treatment was a transnasal puncture of the cyst followed by a subfrontal approach with removal of the tumour preserving the chiasm and optic nerves. The visual acuity postoperatively improved while she needed hormone replacement due to panhypopituitarism. Follow-up 12 months after the operation showed no recurrence. This is the youngest patient of about 27 patients reported so far in the literature.
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keywords = sella
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7/37. growth hormone-secreting pituitary adenoma confined to the sphenoid sinus associated with a normal-sized empty sella.

    We present a case of growth hormone (GH)-secreting ectopic pituitary adenoma confined to the sphenoid sinus associated with a normal-sized empty sella. It has been well known that acromegaly is sometimes associated with an empty sella. However, such a case usually has a macroadenoma and an empty sella that is large. The authors considered the possible mechanisms of the association between a normal-sized empty sella and an ectopic pituitary adenoma in the sphenoid sinus as the following. Primary empty sella existed originally, and the pituitary adenoma developed later. The adenoma extended into the sphenoid sinus because of the pulsatile intracranial cerebrospinal fluid pressure.
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ranking = 1.8
keywords = sella
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8/37. A rare location of bilateral inverted papilloma of the nose and paranasal sinuses.

    Inverted papilloma is a rare benign sinonasal tumour, characterized by a potentially invasive nature. The lateral nasal wall represents the most common site of origin, whereas paranasal sinuses are involved by extension quite frequently. In contrast, primary sinus inverted papillomas have rarely been reported. Although the midfacial degloving approach has historically been the procedure of choice, recent technological advances have rendered endoscopic sinus surgery a safe procedure with equivalent success rates and low probability of papilloma recurrence. We present a rare case of bilateral inverted papilloma arising from the sphenoid septum and extending towards both the sphenoid and posterior ethmoid sinuses and the posterior section of both nasal cavities, while it slenderizes the sella turcica by compression and elevates the pituitary gland. The bilateral inverted papilloma was successfully removed with a transnasal endoscopic procedure. There is no evidence of recurrence for a follow up period of 1.5 years postoperatively. We conclude that it is a rare entity, which can be treated successfully with endoscopic sinus surgery in the hands of an experienced otorhinolaryngologist.
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ranking = 3.9861847631819
keywords = sella turcica, turcica, sella
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9/37. Juxtaposition of an ectopic corticotroph adenoma of the sphenoid sinus with orthotopic intrasellar corticotroph hyperplasia in a patient with Cushing disease. Case report.

    Ectopic pituitary adenomas (EPAs) are rare and their association with orthotopic corticotroph hyperplasia has not been published. The case of a 30-year-old woman with clinical and biochemical evidence of Cushing disease (CD) is reported. A magnetic resonance image obtained preoperatively revealed asymmetrical inhomogeneity of the pituitary gland, which was suggestive of localized adenoma. It also showed what was thought to be a small sphenoid polyp. Postoperatively the latter lesion was found to be an ectopic corticotroph adenoma. The pituitary gland, which was free from any tumor, exhibited diffuse unilateral corticotroph hyperplasia. Clinical, radiological, laboratory, and histopathological findings are presented. A review of the literature and a discussion of possible causes of this unique association between the ectopic corticotroph adenoma and the pituitary hyperplasia are provided.
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ranking = 0.8
keywords = sella
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10/37. Gonadotropic pituitary carcinoma: HER-2/neu expression and gene amplification. Report of two cases.

    The authors report on two gonadotropic carcinomas of the adenohypophysis that occurred in a55-year-old man (Case 1) and a 53-year-old woman (Case 2), with signs of mass effect and amenorrhea, respectively. Both lesions were macroadenomas. The tumor in Case 1 metastasized to dura mater, skull, nasal sinus, and larynx 2 years after patient presentation, whereas that in Case 2 spread to vertebral bodies and ribs after a 19-year latency. Histologically, the primary, recurrent, and metastatic lesions in Case 1 featured brisk mitotic activity and high MIB-1 levels as well as p53 labeling indices. Immunoreactivity for HER-2/neu was assessable only in rare neoplastic cells of the second recurrence and in 80% of cells of the dural metastasis. Low-level HER-2/neu gene amplification was evident in the recurrent tumors and metastasis. The sellar and metastatic tumors in Case 2 resembled benign gonadotropic adenoma with oncocytic change; p53 accumulation, HER-2/neu overexpression, and HER-2/neu gene amplification were not present. The results indicate that low-level amplification of the HER-2/neu gene might be associated with pituitary carcinomas in which more aggressive behavior is seen. Further studies are needed to determine whether HER-2/neu plays a role in the pathogenesis of pituitary carcinoma.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = sella
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