Cases reported "Paresis"

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1/116. Fisher syndrome with tetraparesis and antibody to GQ1b: evidence for motor nerve terminal block.

    A Fisher syndrome (FS) patient with antibody to tetrasyaloganglioside GQ1b (GQ1b) developed late limb weakness. Serial motor conduction velocities (MCVs) showed a marked reduction of distal compound muscle action potential (CMAP) amplitudes, worse at 2-3 weeks, followed by a dramatic increase in week 5. Motor conduction velocities were always in the normal range, distal motor latencies changed only slightly, and conduction block in intermediate nerve segments was absent. These electrophysiological data might suggest an axonal neuropathy or a distal demyelinating conduction block. However, the dramatic increase of distal CMAP amplitudes over a short time without significant changes of distal motor latencies, CMAP duration, and morphology indicate that weakness in this FS patient might be due to a block of acetylcholine release from motor terminals, possibly mediated by anti-GQ1b antibodies.
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ranking = 1
keywords = nerve, neuropathy
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2/116. Posterior interosseous nerve palsy following placement of the compass elbow hinge for acute instability: a case report.

    We describe a case of posterior interosseous nerve palsy that developed after application of a hinged elbow external fixation device. Our hypothesis that forearm pronation during ulnar half pin insertion may have been causative is supported by anatomic findings noted during subsequent cadaveric dissection. Based on our observations we recommend that the ulnar half pins required with this device be inserted with the forearm in supination.
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ranking = 0.89223759738563
keywords = nerve
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3/116. Stereotactic radiosurgery for cavernous sinus cavernous hemangioma--case report.

    A 40-year-old female presented with cavernous sinus cavernous hemangioma manifesting as left abducens and trigeminal nerve pareses. magnetic resonance imaging revealed a left cavernous sinus tumor. The tumor was partially removed. Histological examination of the specimen confirmed cavernous hemangioma. radiosurgery was performed using the gamma knife. The tumor markedly decreased in size after radiosurgery and morbidity was avoided. cavernous sinus cavernous hemangiomas may be difficult to treat surgically due to intraoperative bleeding and cranial nerve injury. Stereotactic radiosurgery can be used either as an adjunct treatment to craniotomy, or as the primary treatment for small cavernous sinus cavernous hemangioma.
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ranking = 0.35689503895425
keywords = nerve
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4/116. abducens nerve palsy complicating pregnancy: a case report.

    We report a case presented at 38 weeks gestation with abducens nerve palsy. No specific pathology was found. After reviewing all the previously reported cases, hypertension is found to be a common factor in all cases presenting in late pregnancy. The clinical course is benign and all resolved after delivery.
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ranking = 0.89223759738563
keywords = nerve
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5/116. Nontraumatic acute spinal subdural hematoma: report of five cases and review of the literature.

    Acute subdural spinal hematoma occurs rarely; however, when it does occur, it may have disastrous consequences. The authors assessed the outcome of surgery for this lesion in relation to causative factors and diagnostic imaging (computerized tomography [CT], CT myelography), as well as eventual preservation of the subarachnoid space. The authors reviewed 106 cases of nontraumatic acute subdural spinal hematoma (101 published cases and five of their own) in terms of cause, diagnosis, treatment, and long-term outcome. Fifty-one patients (49%) were men and 55 (51%) were women. In 70% of patients the spinal segment involved was in the lumbar or thoracolumbar spine. In 57 cases (54%) there was a defect in the hemostatic mechanism. spinal puncture was performed in 50 patients (47%). Late surgical treatment was performed in 59 cases (56%): outcome was good in 25 cases (42%) (in 20 of these patients preoperative neurological evaluation had shown mild deficits or paraparesis, and three patients had presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage [SAH]). The outcome was poor in 34 cases (58%; 23 patients with paraplegia and 11 with SAH). The formation of nontraumatic acute spinal subdural hematomas may result from coagulation abnormalities and iatrogenic causes such as spinal puncture. Their effect on the spinal cord and/or nerve roots may be limited to a mere compressive mechanism when the subarachnoid space is preserved and the hematoma is confined between the dura and the arachnoid. It seems likely that the theory regarding the opening of the dural compartment, verified at the cerebral level, is applicable to the spinal level too. Early surgical treatment is always indicated when the patient's neurological status progressively deteriorates. The best results can be obtained in patients who do not experience SAH. In a few selected patients in whom neurological impairment is minimal, conservative treatment is possible.
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ranking = 0.17844751947713
keywords = nerve
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6/116. Nonunion of a pediatric lateral condyle fracture without ulnar nerve palsy: sixty-year follow-up.

    Displaced lateral condyle fractures in the pediatric population are usually treated with open reduction and internal fixation. Significant complications associated with the nonoperative management include nonunion, malunion, deformity, and tardy ulnar nerve palsy. However, few cases of nonunion of the lateral condyle and tardy ulnar nerve palsy with long-term follow-up have been reported. We present a radiographically documented case of a pediatric lateral condyle fracture and subsequent nonunion with significant cubitus valgus deformity without ulnar nerve palsy sixty years following injury.
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ranking = 1.2491326363399
keywords = nerve
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7/116. Anterior lumbosacral radiculopathy after intrathecal methotrexate treatment.

    Intrathecal chemotherapy with methotrexate or cytosine arabinoside is the standard approach to prophylaxis and treatment of central nervous system leukemia in children. Progressive paraplegia, one of the devastating neurologic complications related to this mode of treatment, has been attributed to spinal cord toxicity. Reported are three children who developed progressive paraparesis after intrathecal methotrexate administration followed by complete or partial recovery. gadolinium enhancement of anterior lumbosacral spinal nerve roots was demonstrated in all three patients, and an elevation of cerebrospinal fluid immunoglobulin g synthesis was evident in two patients with more severe symptoms. The clinical data suggest that anterior lumbosacral radiculopathy is also a type of neurologic complication associated with intrathecal methotrexate treatment.
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ranking = 0.33185213373777
keywords = nerve, nervous system
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8/116. Primary CNS lymphoma associated with streptococcal abscess: an autopsy case.

    This report describes a case of streptococcal abscess in the nodules of a primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma. magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain revealed multiple lesions with ringlike enhancement over the bilateral frontal, right temporal, and left parietal lobes. On admission, acute brain edema occurred following angiography, which resulted in respiratory arrest. autopsy findings showed that the ringlike enhanced lesions on MRI were streptococcal abscesses localized in the lymphoma nodules. The lymphoma was classified as non-Hodgkin, diffuse large cells of B-cell lineage. No other lymphoma mass was found extracranially. An immunohistochemical study showed that the lymphoma cells were positive for leukocyte common antigen, Epstein-Barr virus, bax. and bcl-XL, and negative for L-26 and bcl-2. This case demonstrated that an opportunistic streptococcal abscess developed in primary CNS lymphoma in a patient without acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), though a few similar cases have been reported in patients with AIDS.
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ranking = 0.15340461426064
keywords = nervous system
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9/116. lyme neuroborreliosis mimics stroke: a case report.

    lyme neuroborreliosis is diagnostically challenging because of its diverse manifestations. The well-documented neurologic spectrum includes lymphocytic meningitis, cranial neuropathy, and radiculoneuritis in the early disseminated stage; and peripheral neuropathy, chronic encephalomyelitis, and mild encephalopathy in the late persistent stage. This case report describes a 74-year-old man who developed progressive left hemiparesis and facial palsy. The patient was hospitalized to rule out a cerebral vascular accident. The diagnosis of Lyme borreliosis was established with serologic studies. The patient was treated with intravenous ceftriaxone and responded with rapid clinical and functional recovery. lyme neuroborreliosis presenting as hemiparesis has rarely been reported. Prompt diagnosis and treatment appear to facilitate symptomatic relief and prevent persistent neurologic deficits.
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ranking = 0.69624450206141
keywords = peripheral neuropathy, neuropathy, peripheral
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10/116. Toxoplasmic encephalitis in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome--four case reports.

    Four patients, all males aged 40-64 years, presented with toxoplasmic encephalitis associated with human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) infection manifesting as nonspecific neurological deficits such as epilepsy or hemiparesis. magnetic resonance imaging showed single or multiple lesions with ring enhancement, mimicking metastatic brain tumor or brain abscess. Marked eosinophilia was noted in three patients. Two patients who received anti-toxoplasma chemotherapy in the early stage had a good outcome. However, the other two patients suffered rapid neurological deterioration and needed decompressive surgery, resulting in a poor outcome. toxoplasma diffusely infects the whole central nervous system from the early stage. The outcome for patients who needed emergency surgery was poor. Therefore, this rare but increasingly common infectious disease must be considered in the differential diagnosis of a patient with neuroimaging findings similar to those of metastatic tumor or brain abscess. Appropriate chemotherapy should be started immediately after hiv-positive reaction is identified in patients with single or multiple mass lesions with ring enhancement.
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ranking = 0.15340461426064
keywords = nervous system
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