Cases reported "Paresthesia"

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1/17. paresthesia of the mental nerve induced by periapical infection: a case report.

    paresthesia can be a rare complication of infections of dental origin. This article presents a case of anesthesia/paresthesia caused by a periapical infection of the right mandibular second premolar. The sensory disturbance disappeared 2 weeks after conventional endodontic treatment associated with antibiotic therapy. Twelve months later, the tooth was still asymptomatic. The possible mechanisms responsible for paresthesia associated with periapical infection are discussed.
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2/17. Sympathetic activity-mediated neuropathic facial pain following simple tooth extraction: a case report.

    This is a report of a case of sympathetic activity-mediated neuropathic facial pain induced by a traumatic trigeminal nerve injury and by varicella zoster virus infection, following a simple tooth extraction. The patient had undergone extraction of the right lower third molar at a local dental clinic, and soon after the tooth extraction, she became aware of spontaneous pain in the right ear, right temporal region, and in the tooth socket. At our initial examination 30 days after the tooth extraction, the healing of the tooth socket was normal; however, the patient had a tingling and burning sensation (dysesthesia) and spontaneous pain of the right lower lip and the right temporal region, both of which were exacerbated by non-noxious stimuli (allodynia). The patient also showed paralysis of the marginal mandibular branch of the facial nerve, taste dysfunction, and increased varicella zoster serum titers. A diagnostic stellate ganglion block (SGB) 45 days after the tooth extraction using one percent lidocaine markedly alleviated the dysesthesia and allodynia. These symptoms are characteristic of neuropathic pain with sympathetic interaction. The patient was successfully treated with SGB and a tricyclic antidepressant.
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3/17. Case report: a large radicular cyst involving the entire maxillary sinus.

    cysts of the maxillary sinus of odontogenic origin have been well-documented in the literature. Most of these lesions involve the apex of the offending tooth and appear as a well-defined periapical radiolucency. Presented here is a case of an unusually large lesion, which involved the entire maxillary sinus and extended into the floor of the nose. The lesion also caused paresthesia on the affected side. The lesion was removed with conservative treatment without any postoperative complications.
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4/17. Recurrent palmar-plantar erythrodysaesthesia following high-dose cytarabine treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

    Palmar-plantar erythrodysaesthesia (PPE) is an uncommon cutaneous complication of cytotoxic chemotherapy which generally presents as a painful erythema involving the palms and soles. It has been suggested that PPE caused by cytarabine does not recur with subsequent cytarabine re-challenge. We report a patient with recurrent, increasingly severe episodes of PPE, ultimately complicated by a severe bullous eruption, following successive cycles of high-dose cytarabine for the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Contrary to previous recommendations, our experience cautions against the further use of high-dose cytarabine in patients who develop PPE, and is a timely reminder of the potential toxicity of this agent, which is now increasingly being used as first-line treatment in the management of haematologic malignancies.
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keywords = eruption
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5/17. Reference fields in phantom tooth pain as a marker for remapping in the facial territory.

    Six patients with chronic phantom tooth pain were studied for the presence of reference fields for their phantom sensation. In five of them, pain or dysesthesia in the affected oral structures was elicited by thermal or mechanical stimulation of areas that were well separate from these structures. However, a relation of topographical proximity between the stimulated areas and the areas of reference could be traced in the sensory maps. Therefore, denervation of small structures with coarse sensitivity can yield the plastic changes that have previously been described for larger deafferentations of areas endowed with finer discriminative capacity.
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6/17. Surgical management of overfilling of the root canal: a case report.

    Overfilling of the root canal is one of the most common errors encountered in dental practice. A 40-year-old woman complained of paresthesia and swelling affecting the left side of the mandible. Panoramic radiographs revealed that the root canal was overfilled; endodontic restorative material extended as far as the mandibular angle. Several months after surgical removal of the tooth and excess filling material, the symptoms subsided.
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7/17. infection-related inferior alveolar and mental nerve paresthesia: case reports.

    Nerve injury can be related to mechanical, chemical, and thermal factors. infection-related paresthesia is usually related to mechanical pressure and ischemia associated with the inflammatory process. Another cause of paresthesia could be the toxic metabolic products of bacteria or inflammatory products released following tissue damage. This article presents cases of inferior alveolar and mental nerve paresthesia caused by an infected impacted tooth, an infected cyst, and periapical infection. The possible pathophysiologic mechanism of nerve injury, therapy, and prognosis for recovery are also discussed.
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8/17. Swan-neck deformity and paresthesia following giant orf.

    Orf is a zoonotic infection caused by a parapoxvirus that primarily infects sheep and goats. Human orf infection can take place when abraded skin comes into contact with infected animals. It occurs most commonly on the index finger. The characteristic lesion resembles a tumor and resolves spontaneously, usually without any complications. However, rare complications such as lymphangitis, adenitis, erythema multiforme, erysipelas, papulovesicular eruption, pseudomonas aeruginosa infection, and bullous pemphigoid have been reported. Herein, we report a case of giant orf causing swan-neck deformity and paresthesia. These complications have not been previously reported in the literature.
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ranking = 0.086226085221076
keywords = eruption
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9/17. Histologic patterns of polyethylene glycol-liposomal doxorubicin-related cutaneous eruptions.

    polyethylene glycol (PEG)-liposomal doxorubicin (Stealth R, Doxil) is a formulation of doxorubicin, which is encapsulated in liposomes formulated with PEG. It is favored in the palliative setting over doxorubicin because of its generally favorable side effect profile. Adverse reactions are predominantly skin eruptions. We report 3 cases of women with breast cancer undergoing treatment with liposomal doxorubicin who developed palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia and diffuse morbilliform eruptions. Biopsies in the 2 cases demonstrated vacuolar interface dermatitis with epidermal dysmaturation and the third case suggested a drug eruption. Additionally, we report a woman with metastatic breast cancer who developed a similar morbilliform eruption soon after completing a regimen of liposomal doxorubicin. The biopsy revealed an atypical squamous proliferation showing epidermal dysmaturation with focal evidence of interface damage. Both clinician and pathologist alike should be cognizant of this cutaneous eruption, as well as the histologic patterns.
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ranking = 0.77603476698969
keywords = eruption
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10/17. rhabdomyosarcoma of the mandible in a 6-year-old boy.

    INTRODUCTION: rhabdomyosarcoma is an aggressive malignant tumour composed of neoplastic mesenchymal cells that infiltrate surrounding tissue structures, making their precise site of origin unclear. Although rare, this is highly aggressive and the most common soft-tissue neoplasm of the head and neck in children. Regrettably by the time most cases are initially seen, the patients already have large tumours, due to rapid tumour growth and delayed medical consultation. CASE REPORT: This report describes a 6-year-old presenting with just such symptoms of facial swelling and pain but elicitation of further information and findings, including tooth mobility of 3 days duration, led to prompt referral and early treatment of an embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma. CONCLUSION: General dental practitioners are frequently presented with a child with a swollen face and pain. Experience would suggest a dental abscess to be the most likely cause with treatment as appropriate. However, all swellings in children, should be thoroughly investigated and reviewed as particularly in this age group, tumour growth is rapid while early diagnosis allows successful treatment with multimodality therapy.
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