Cases reported "parotitis"

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1/137. Neonatal suppurative parotitis: a study of five cases.

    Suppurative parotitis is uncommon in newborns. During a 9-year study period, five cases of neonatal suppurative parotitis were detected in 3,624 hospital admissions. The relative risk of developing neonatal suppurative parotitis in admitted infants was 5.52 (0.62-49.35). staphylococcus aureus was the causative organism most commonly detected in the hospital-acquired cases. Antimicrobial therapy was effective in all cases; surgery was not required. CONCLUSION: Although neonatal suppurative parotitis is now uncommon in the newborn, it cannot be considered a "vanishing disease". ( info)

2/137. Juvenile hemangioma (infantile hemangioendothelioma) of the parotid gland associated with cytomegalovirus infection.

    A case of parotid juvenile hemangioma associated with cytomegalovirus infection is reported. A growing lobulated mass, measuring 30 x 20 mm, was extirpated from the left parotid gland in a 4-month-old male. Histologically, the tumor consisted of cellular plump endothelial cells, stromal cells and residual ductal and acinar elements of the parotid gland. Numerous intranuclear and cytoplasmic inclusions were observed in the ductal cells of the whole parenchymal part of the parotid gland and the residual part of the tumor. Immunohistochemically, some nuclei of the ductal cells possessing these inclusions were positive for the anti-cytomegalovirus antibody but there were no positive findings in the endothelial or stromal cells. Although the present lesion may suggest that the human cytomegalovirus plays some role in the etiology of juvenile hemangioma, it is unknown whether or not this association is incidental. ( info)

3/137. Acute pancreatitis and parotitis induced by methimazole in a patient with Graves' disease.

    A wide variety of adverse effects of methimazole (MMI) have been reported. Here we report a new MMI-induced disorder, acute pancreatitis and parotitis. Three weeks after a woman started MMI treatment for Graves' disease, she developed a high fever, painful parotid swelling and dull pain in the upper abdomen with elevation of the serum levels of salivary and pancreatic enzymes. These abnormalities disappeared soon after the withdrawal of MMI. However, the same abnormalities were rapidly provoked when MMI was reintroduced. Marked increases in the leucocyte count and CRP were also observed during these episodes. The possible mechanisms of MMI-induced pancreatitis/parotitis are discussed. ( info)

4/137. Fatal mumps nephritis and myocarditis.

    The case of a 14-year-old girl with fatal interstitial nephritis and myocarditis as complications of mumps is reported. The illness began with parotitis; renal symptoms developed within a week. The patient's renal and cardiac status and clinical course rapidly deteriorated and the outcome was fatal. The post-mortem renal biopsy sample showed interstitial mononuclear cell infiltration, oedema, and focal tubular epithelial damage in biopsy material of kidney, confirming the clinical diagnosis. myocarditis was determined by electrocardiographic and echocardiographic findings. Since it has been reported that fatal complications such as myocarditis, dilated cardiomyopathy, and nephritis may develop in the course of mumps, the patients with mumps, especially in complicated cases, should be followed closely because of the severe clinical conditions which may progress. ( info)

5/137. The role of computerized tomography in the diagnosis and therapy of parotid stones: a case report.

    BACKGROUND: Small, semi-calcified parotid stones are difficult to diagnose as imaging can be extremely difficult. Understanding how to diagnose parotid stones is important to dentists, however, because people with this condition develop parotid swellings and may seek routine dental care. CASE DESCRIPTION: The authors describe a classic case of parotid sialadenitis secondary to a small lucent stone in Stensen's duct. They discovered the stone only because of the keen sensitivity of computerized tomography, or CT, to minimal amounts of calcific salts. The CT scan's ability to accurately locate the stone and its position within 1 centimeter of the orifice facilitated a successful intraoral surgical approach. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: CT can be a significant aid in early diagnosis and therapy of patients with parotid stones, who eventually develop sialadenitis. With early intervention, further gland degeneration and parotidectomy will be prevented. ( info)

6/137. Pneumoparotid: a case report and review of its pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management.

    Pneumoparotid is considered to be a rare entity, but the diagnosis might not be as uncommon as reported. We report a case in which computed tomography incidentally revealed air in the parotid ducts bilaterally. Treatment is aimed at the elimination of predisposing and causative factors, but because our patient denied any symptoms or precipitating factors and had a benign presentation, no immediate intervention was initiated. ( info)

7/137. Chronic sclerosing sialadenitis of the submandibular and parotid glands: a report of a case and review of the literature.

    Chronic sclerosing sialadenitis (also known as Kuttner tumor) is a chronic inflammatory condition of the salivary glands, first described by Kuttner in 1896. Clinically, the disease cannot be distinguished from a true neoplasm. The submandibular gland is affected more commonly than any other salivary gland. This report is of a case of widespread swelling of the salivary glands in which histologic features of chronic sclerosing sialadenitis were seen in the submandibular and parotid glands. The etiology, pathogenesis, and differential diagnosis of this disease and the clinical outcome of this case are discussed and presented. ( info)

8/137. Primary and secondary sjogren's syndrome in children--a comparative study.

    sjogren's syndrome is a chronic inflammatory systemic autoimmune disease mainly affecting the exocrine and, particularly, the salivary and lacrimal glands. The condition usually occurs in adults. In 1994, the criteria for this syndrome were redefined in a multicenter European study. In children, sjogren's syndrome is a rare and probably underdiagnosed disease. To date, sjogren's syndrome in children has only been described in case reports and in the comparative presentation of various study results. So far, no study of a comparative classification into primary and secondary sjogren's syndrome has been carried out in a patient population of any size. sjogren's syndrome should be considered in the differential diagnosis of children with recurrent parotitis, keratoconjunctivitis sicca, or pronounced and early tooth decay associated with xerostomia. In this study of 23 children and adolescents under the age of 16 with the clinical symptoms and laboratory findings of sjogren's syndrome, we differentiate between primary and secondary sjogren's syndrome. The value of the individual methods of assessing the oral and the ophthalmological components and the manifestation of the underlying rheumatic condition are discussed on the basis of the EULAR criteria. The EULAR diagnostic criteria are of limited applicability in children because reliable anamnestic data are frequently lacking. Another problem in diagnosing sjogren's syndrome is the short-term detection of serological alterations and clinical symptoms. Even if young patients do not completely fulfill the required criteria, sjogren's syndrome can be assumed or confirmed in the presence of positive testing for oral and ocular manifestations and recurrent salivary gland enlargement. ( info)

9/137. An unusual subdural empyema: case report.

    Subdural empyema in a 38-year-old patient with congenital hemangioma, suppurative parotitisis, soft tissue phlegmonia and osteomyelitis is reported. The clinical, radiological and surgical features are outlined. A review of the literature reveals the uniqueness of this case. ( info)

10/137. Acute parotitis due to dengue virus.

    Acute bilateral parotitis is a common clinical feature of various infectious and autoimmune, metabolic, and drug-related conditions. We describe a unique case of bilateral inflammatory enlargement of the parotid glands in an immunocompetent patient with dengue fever. Evidence of dengue virus in the saliva is also provided for the first time. ( info)
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