Cases reported "Pelvic Neoplasms"

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1/118. Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma: clinicopathologic case report with review of the literature.

    Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma is a rare, benign-appearing soft tissue neoplasm with an aggressive clinical course characterized by multiple local recurrences over several years, with ultimate spread to lung and occasionally to bone. Thus far, a total of 24 cases of low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma have been reported in the literature. The authors present an additional case that grossly and microscopically emphasizes a pronounced lobular pattern of contrasting areas of cellularity showing high proliferative activity, as demonstrated by a proliferation marker, Ki 67 with MIB-1, and hypocellular areas with prominent myxoid component and abundant collagen fibrils. There was predominance of delicate capillary-sized stromal vessels with collagenized walls in both cellular and myxoid areas. The unusual features in this case were osseous metaplasia, prominent intranuclear pseudoinclusions, dna tetraploidy, and membrane-bound intracytoplasmic fat vacuoles. The immunoprofile and cytologic and ultrastructural features are described. After the excision of the tumor, the patient was treated with radiotherapy without chemotherapy. The patient has been observed for 26 months and is alive without the evidence of disease. The postoperative follow-up with axial computed tomography at 24 months showed no evidence of disease, except postsurgical fibrotic changes.
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ranking = 1
keywords = sarcoma
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2/118. Proximal-type epithelioid sarcoma in the pelvic soft tissues.

    A case of proximal-type epithelioid sarcoma arising in the pelvic soft tissues of a 46-year-old man is presented. The tumor showed a predominantly epithelioid component with rhabdoid features, cord-like arrangement, small nests, abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm containing intracytoplasmic, paranuclear, hyaline-like globules, large vesicular nuclei, and prominent nucleoli. There were foci with alveolar arrangement and a spindle-cell proliferation. The tumor cells were positive for cytokeratin CAM5.2, vimentin, epithelial membrane antigen, and CD34. flow cytometry showed a diploid dna content with high S-phase fraction. The patient had pelvic lymph-node metastases. He died of the disease 5 months after diagnosis. It is important to include proximal-type epithelioid sarcoma in the differential diagnosis of pelvic tumors.
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ranking = 1
keywords = sarcoma
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3/118. Pelvic malignant mixed mesodermal tumor of uncertain origin: a case report.

    Extra-uterine, and especially extragenital, malignant mixed mesodermal tumors (MMMT) are very rare. A large intrapelvic tumor resected from a 56-year-old woman was investigated with morphological and immunohistochemical methods. A large, soft and fragile tumor was located in the pelvic space. The tumor showed high cellularity and was biphasic; it consisted of an admixture of adenocarcinoma and various kinds of sarcomas. The latter were comprised of high-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma, pleomorphic sarcoma, and chondrosarcoma. The pleomorphic sarcoma showed a storiform pattern. The periodic acid-Schiff-positive eosinophilic hyaline droplets and globules in multinucleated giant cells revealed a typical ring-like or peripheral staining for alpha-1-antitrypsin and alpha-1 antichymotrypsin. We considered this case to be pelvic MMMT of uncertain origin, heterologous type.
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ranking = 0.83333333333333
keywords = sarcoma
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4/118. Positive effect of regional analgesia (RA) in terminal stage paediatric chondrosarcoma: a case report and the review of the literature.

    A 10-year-old girl was treated for progressive left pelvic chondrosarcoma and severe local pain radiating to the ipsilateral lower extremity. Despite high doses of opioids, pain was poorly controlled and treatment resulted in urine retention and constipation. Positive effect on pain (143 out of 181 days) was obtained by regional analgesia. Continuous lumbar epidural opioid infusion led to pain relief and disappearance of symptoms. Port-catheter dysfunction necessitated a change of epidural catheter and the patient was treated that with morphine, bupivacaine and clonidine plus clonazepam which resulted in relief of constipation and restoration of urinary function. The patient subsequently developed an abscess required or subarachoid infusion (morphine associated with clonazepam, clomipramine and corticosteroids). Later bilateral controlateral cordotomy was performed due to absence of analgesia and the patient subsequently died of tumour progression.
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ranking = 0.83333333333333
keywords = sarcoma
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5/118. Unusual late extrapulmonary metastasis in osteosarcoma.

    The major site of metastasis from osteosarcoma is the lung, and over 90% of fatalities in patients with this disease die from pulmonary metastases. Extrapulmonary disease is developing in an increasing proportion of patients, usually after pulmonary metastasis. This study reports three cases of patients with osteosarcoma that metastasized to the brain, mediastinum, intramuscular site, and pelvic cavity. The physician must be aware that extrapulmonary metastases may be present at the time a pulmonary metastasis becomes evident.
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ranking = 1
keywords = sarcoma
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6/118. High-activity samarium-153-EDTMP therapy in unresectable osteosarcoma.

    Despite highly efficacious chemotherapy, patients with osteosarcomas still have a poor prognosis if adequate surgical control cannot be obtained. We applied high-activity Sm-153-EDTMP therapy within a multimodal therapy concept to improve local control of an unresectable osteosarcoma with poor response to initial polychemotherapy. A 21-year-old woman with an extended, unresectable pelvic osteosarcoma and multiple pulmonary metastases was treated with high-activity of Sm-153- EDTMP (150 MBq/kg BW, total 8.1 GBq). Afterwards external radiotherapy of the primary tumor site was performed and polychemotherapy was continued, followed by autologous peripheral blood stem cell reinfusion. Within 48 h after Sm-153-EDTMP application the patient had complete pain relief. After three weeks the response was documented by 3-phase Tc-99m-MDP bone scintigraphy (primary tumor and metastases: decreased tracer uptake), whole-body F-18-FDG-PET (primary tumor and metastases: diminution of glucose metabolism) and thoracic CT (metastases: reduction of size). The present case warrants further evaluation of feasibility and efficacy of this multimodal therapy combination of high-activity Sm-153-EDTMP therapy, external radiation, polychemotherapy and stem cell support for unresectable osteosarcomas.
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ranking = 1.3333333333333
keywords = sarcoma
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7/118. Total pelvic exenteration and reconstruction for locally invasive recurrent sarcoma of the perineum.

    Extensive primary tumors and locally recurrent tumors of the pelvis or perineum are difficult to manage. We describe the techniques necessary to perform total pelvic exenteration with en bloc resection of the perineum and genitalia for treatment of recurrent sarcoma of the perineum. Wide excision of the sarcoma with negative margins can be achieved by resecting the inferior portion of the pubic symphysis. An absorbable mesh sling may be used to suspend the small bowel above the pelvis, facilitating postoperative radiation. A catheterizable continent urinary reservoir avoids the necessity of two stomas and improves quality of life. Adequate tissue coverage can be attained by myocutaneous gracilis flaps that promote wound healing.
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ranking = 1
keywords = sarcoma
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8/118. Postirradiation sarcoma after external beam radiation therapy for localized adenocarcinoma of the prostate: report of three cases.

    We report 3 cases of postirradiation sarcoma that arose in the pelvis 8, 15, and 16 years after completion of external beam radiation therapy (RT) for localized adenocarcinoma of the prostate. Although such cases must be regarded as extremely rare, postirradiation sarcoma should be considered as a potential cause of pelvic pain developing after RT.
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ranking = 1
keywords = sarcoma
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9/118. The use of magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis and followup of pediatric pelvic rhabdomyosarcoma.

    PURPOSE: Previous radiological descriptions of pelvic rhabdomyosarcoma emphasized ultrasonography and computerized tomography (CT). Few reports are available on the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for diagnosing and following pelvic rhabdomyosarcoma. We retrospectively compared MRI to CT for diagnosing and following children with pelvic rhabdomyosarcoma. MATERIALS AND methods: We treated 4 boys and 3 girls for pelvic rhabdomyosarcoma. Initial and followup evaluations included pelvic CT and MRI at intervals determined by treatment and disease status. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical charts and imaging studies of these patients. The initial radiological report was evaluated and then 1 radiologist reviewed all studies. attention was directed toward identifying lesions revealed by CT or MRI but not by the other modality. RESULTS: MRI detected all lesions shown by CT. On the other hand, MRI detected residual disease in 1 case that was not demonstrated by CT. In 2 other patients MRI was superior to CT for delineating the local extent of disease, especially urethral involvement. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with CT, MRI improves the detection of residual pelvic rhabdomyosarcoma. Tissue planes are well delineated, allowing more accurate assessment of tumor invasion into adjacent structures. MRI is the imaging modality of choice for following pediatric patients with pelvic rhabdomyosarcoma.
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ranking = 1.6666666666667
keywords = sarcoma
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10/118. hypertrichosis lanuginosa acquisita preceding extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma.

    A 62-year-old woman with acquired hypertrichosis lanuginosa as a paraneoplastic presenting sign of an extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma is described. Despite initial comprehensive screening to rule out an associated malignancy, a definitive diagnosis of sarcoma was established only 1 year after the onset of the cutaneous symptoms. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of hypertrichosis lanuginosa acquisita associated with a soft tissue sarcoma. Our observation expands the spectrum of malignancies associated with this uncommon paraneoplastic disorder.
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ranking = 1.1666666666667
keywords = sarcoma
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