Cases reported "Pelvic Pain"

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1/37. ehlers-danlos syndrome associated with multiple spinal meningeal cysts--case report.

    A 40-year-old female with ehlers-danlos syndrome was admitted because of a large pelvic mass. Radiological examination revealed multiple spinal meningeal cysts. The first operation through a laminectomy revealed that the cysts originated from dilated dural sleeves containing nerve roots. Packing of dilated sleeves was inadequate. Finally the cysts were oversewed through a laparotomy. The cysts were reduced, but the postoperative course was complicated by poor wound healing and diffuse muscle atrophy. ehlers-danlos syndrome associated with spinal cysts may be best treated by endoscopic surgery.
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2/37. Punctate midline myelotomy. A new approach in the management of visceral pain.

    Nauta et al. reported on a successful punctate midline myelotomy (PMM) for the treatment of intractable pelvic pain. The authors describe an other case history of a patient with multiple anaplastic carcinomas of the small intestine, peritoneal carcinosis and retroperitoneal lymphomas, suffering from severe visceral pain in the hypo-, meso-, and epigastrium. Nauta's PMM was successfully performed at the Th4 level. Narcotic medication was tapered from 30 mg i.v. morphine per hour pre-operatively to 5 mg per hour within 5 days postoperatively. Intensity of pain decreased from 10 to 2-3 on the visual analog scale. Only minor transient side effects appeared and the patient was discharged 5 days postoperatively. The pain reduction was maintained until the patient died from the extended disease five weeks later. We conclude that punctate midline myelotomy sufficiently controls not only pelvic visceral pain, but also visceral pain generated in the meso- and epigastrium. The findings support the concept of a midline dorsal column visceral pain pathway.
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3/37. Incarcerated tubal herniation, an unusual complication of operative laparoscopy and an odd cause of pelvic pain.

    Tubal herniation after laparoscopic surgery to relieve pelvic pain and adhesions was associated with long-term, chronic pelvic pain in the left lower quadrant. laparoscopy was performed to diagnose and reduce the herniation. review of the literature revealed no previous report of this complication.
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keywords = operative
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4/37. Unrecognized bladder perforation during operative laparoscopy.

    During operative laparoscopy in a 42-year-old woman, 12-mm trocar lacerations occurred through anterior and posterior walls of the bladder but were not recognized. This case demonstrates important issues related to predicting, avoiding, detecting, and treating bladder trauma associated with laparoscopic surgery. It also indicates that some classic warning signs of accidental cystotomy may be absent or delayed in appearance.
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ranking = 5
keywords = operative
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5/37. Transvaginal ultrasonographic identification of appendicitis in a setting of chronic pelvic pain and endometriosis.

    Our patient had a history of chronic endometriosis and pelvic pain and complained of recent onset of right-sided abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. Transvaginal ultrasonography revealed a thick-walled mass superior and medial to the right ovary, which was thought to be an inflamed appendix. The woman was not pregnant, and the structure appeared to be anatomically separate from the uterus. Subsequent laparoscopy confirmed the diagnosis of acute appendicitis; uncomplicated laparoscopic appendectomy followed. In the setting of chronic endometriosis, other nongynecologic sources of acute pelvic pain must be considered. Surgical intervention is appropriate whenever clinical suspicion for an acute abdomen is high, and the a priori diagnosis of endometriosis should not result in operative delay.
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keywords = operative
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6/37. Mesh repair of a pelvic bone defect caused by a migrated acetabular cup.

    Conventional transacetabular removal of the migrated acetabular cup can be hazardous due to intraoperative injury to iliac vessels. We present a case of a migrated acetabular cup, in which we used a combined preperitoneal and acetabular approach for its removal. With a bimanual approach, the procedure was safer and easier and allowed mesh repair of the pelvic bone defect. The preperitoneal mesh repair is a well-known method for inguinofemoral hernias. However, it has not been used before in the repair of an acetabular defect after removal of a migrated cup.
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keywords = operative
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7/37. Acute exacerbation of chronic maxillary sinusitis during therapy with nafarelin nasal spray.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of acute exacerbation of chronic bilateral maxillary sinusitis during therapy with nafarelin nasal spray for chronic pelvic pain and suspected adenomyosis uteri in a patient of 34 years. DESIGN: Case report. INTERVENTIONS: In the follicular stage of the cycle a diagnostic laparoscopy was carried out because of unexplained pelvic pain for 2 years with biopsy of the pelvic peritoneum and of the uterine fundus was done, revealing no pathology. One and a half years ago the patient already had a diagnostic laparoscopy for the same reason without pathological findings. Vaginal ultrasound showed minor signs of adenomyosis uteri (irregular structure of the myometrium with small cysts). One week after the operation, a therapy with nafarelin nasal spray was initiated in order to induce a hypoestrogenic state. Fourteen days later the therapy had to be stopped because of acute exacerbation of chronic maxillary sinusitis and Caldwell Luc operation and turbinoplastic was performed. OUTCOME: Resolution of the acute maxillary sinusitis after operative intervention and termination of the above-mentioned medication, resolution of pelvic pain after therapy with leuprolide after 4 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the first report of an acute exacerbation of a chronic maxillary sinusitis during the administration of nafarelin nasal spray. Gynecologists prescribing nasal sprays should ask their patients about symptoms of chronic sinusitis. patients with a history of sinusitis should visit an ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialist before initiating therapy with nasal sprays; alternatively, drugs with a different formulation should be used for down-regulation of the ovarian function in order to avoid this complication.
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keywords = operative
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8/37. Post-colposuspension syndrome following a tension-free vaginal tape procedure.

    A 51-year-old nurse underwent an uneventful TVT procedure. Two weeks postoperatively she developed intractable suprapubic pain directly over the iliopectineal ligaments consistent with a "post-colposuspension syndrome". This failed to respond to conservative therapy and she subsequently underwent exploration of the retropubic space. The TVT sling was found to be densely adherent to the iliopectineal ligaments, from which it was dissected free and then divided, leaving the part where it passes through the endopelvic fascia intact. The pain resolved immediately and the woman remained continent. This diagnosis should be considered in a woman presenting with groin pain following a sling procedure.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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9/37. Laparoscopic management of 15 patients with infiltrating endometriosis of the bladder and a case of primary intravesical endometrioid adenosarcoma.

    OBJECTIVE: To report laparoscopic management of 15 patients with infiltrative bladder wall endometriosis and to report a case of endometrioid adenosarcoma. DESIGN: Prospective chart review. SETTING: Referral center for endometriosis. PATIENT(S): Fifteen women with infiltrating endometriosis of the bladder. INTERVENTION(S): Laparoscopic segmental cystectomy and pathologic review of endometriotic bladder nodules in 15 patients. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Location and characteristics of endometriotic bladder nodules. RESULT(S): Laparoscopic and cystoscopic evaluation confirmed that the endometriotic lesions were penetrating through the bladder wall. In 8 patients, the lesions were located in the dome of the bladder. In the remaining 7, the lesions were in the posterior wall, above the trigone. It was possible to treat all the lesions by performing a laparoscopic partial cystectomy. No intraoperative complications occurred. Deeply infiltrating endometriosis was confirmed on histologic evaluation in 14 cases. One patient was diagnosed with endometriosis on frozen section, but the final pathology revealed an adenosarcoma of the bladder. CONCLUSION(S): Surgical excision of deeply infiltrating endometriosis of the bladder wall can be performed laparoscopically and offers the benefit of a definitive pathologic diagnosis to rule out an occult malignancy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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10/37. Unstable pelvic insufficiency fracture in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis.

    The occurrence of pelvic insufficiency fractures in patients with rheumatoid arthritis has not previously been well emphasized. These fractures are difficult to detect clinically, and appropriate radiological investigation is necessary for diagnosis. A 72-year-old woman with rheumatoid arthritis presented with severe left groin pain. Pelvic radiographs showed parasymphyseal fractures, and marked instability of these fractures was observed at the follow-up 2 weeks later. Computed tomographic scan of the sacrum showed a widened linear fracture gap in the left sacral ala. Because the patient's pain was so severe that she could not change position, external fixation was performed to achieve rapid pain relief and early mobilization. Although most patients with these fractures respond well to simple conservative treatments, parasymphyseal fractures combined with sacral fractures may cause disruption of the pelvic ring and occasionally need operative management.
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