Cases reported "pelvic pain"

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1/180. endometriosis in the presacral nerve.

    OBJECTIVE: The authors report a case of extremely aggressive endometriosis involving a 32-year-old woman. methods: Different types of medication were used and various surgical procedures applied in order to reduce the clinical signs and symptoms. Among the surgical procedures employed was presacral neurectomy when endometriosis was identified in the presacral nerve. RESULTS: Receptor determination in the surgical piece was negative. CONCLUSIONS: The etiopathogenic and therapeutic aspects of this process are discussed. ( info)

2/180. A patient with multiple sclerosis and Down's syndrome with a rare paroxysmal symptom at onset.

    Down's syndrome (DS) is often associated with autoimmune diseases, although an association with multiple sclerosis (MS) has not been previously reported. A 49-year-old male with DS experienced progressively worsening gait and bladder dysfunction. Following Poser criteria, the patient was diagnosed with laboratory-supported definite MS. Ten days following diagnosis the patient experienced dysestetic paroxysmal pain at the pelvic level (an uncommon complaint in MS) which was initially addressed with carbamazepine, resulting in mild relief and adverse effects consisting of increased motor deficit and decreased daytime alertness. A titration combination of lamotrigine and gabapentin, two relatively new antiepileptic drugs which have been utilized individually for a number of neurological symptoms, resulted in significant reduction in pain frequency and intensity, with no adverse effects. This case study presents details of the first reported association of DS and MS, between which the pathogenetic relationship remains unclear. The presence of a rare symptom complaint in MS, as well as the effective combination of lamotrigine and gabapentin for treating this symptom, without adverse effects is an additional interesting aspect of this case. ( info)

3/180. Urethral diverticulum presenting with chronic pelvic pain: a case report.

    Urethral diverticula are rarely encountered in the gynecologic out-patient setting. However, this condition probably occurs more frequently than it is diagnosed. The patient frequently notes signs of lower urinary tract irritation. Urinary dribbling accompanied with dyspareunia and dysuria constitutes a classic triad for urethral diverticula. Symptoms of chronic pelvic pain only occur in a minority of patients. We report a case of urethral diverticulum presenting chiefly with chronic pelvic pain. The patient underwent multiple investigative operations before a correct diagnosis was made. When confronted with a patient presenting with chronic pelvic pain, a gynecologist should retain a high index of suspicion for a urethral diverticulum in addition to other gynecologic conditions. ( info)

4/180. ehlers-danlos syndrome associated with multiple spinal meningeal cysts--case report.

    A 40-year-old female with ehlers-danlos syndrome was admitted because of a large pelvic mass. Radiological examination revealed multiple spinal meningeal cysts. The first operation through a laminectomy revealed that the cysts originated from dilated dural sleeves containing nerve roots. Packing of dilated sleeves was inadequate. Finally the cysts were oversewed through a laparotomy. The cysts were reduced, but the postoperative course was complicated by poor wound healing and diffuse muscle atrophy. ehlers-danlos syndrome associated with spinal cysts may be best treated by endoscopic surgery. ( info)

5/180. Punctate midline myelotomy. A new approach in the management of visceral pain.

    Nauta et al. reported on a successful punctate midline myelotomy (PMM) for the treatment of intractable pelvic pain. The authors describe an other case history of a patient with multiple anaplastic carcinomas of the small intestine, peritoneal carcinosis and retroperitoneal lymphomas, suffering from severe visceral pain in the hypo-, meso-, and epigastrium. Nauta's PMM was successfully performed at the Th4 level. Narcotic medication was tapered from 30 mg i.v. morphine per hour pre-operatively to 5 mg per hour within 5 days postoperatively. Intensity of pain decreased from 10 to 2-3 on the visual analog scale. Only minor transient side effects appeared and the patient was discharged 5 days postoperatively. The pain reduction was maintained until the patient died from the extended disease five weeks later. We conclude that punctate midline myelotomy sufficiently controls not only pelvic visceral pain, but also visceral pain generated in the meso- and epigastrium. The findings support the concept of a midline dorsal column visceral pain pathway. ( info)

6/180. Neurologic disease presenting as chronic pelvic pain.

    Neurologic disease as a cause of chronic pelvic pain may be more common than previously reported. We report three cases wherein patients with complaints of pelvic pain were subsequently found to have neurologic disease involving the lumbosacral spine. In all three cases, the presenting features were complaints of cyclic or noncyclic lower abdominal pain attributed to endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, or uterine fibroids. When conventional therapies failed to resolve the pain, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the lumbosacral spine showed a neoplasm in one patient and disk herniation in two patients. Evolving lumbar disk disease or intradural neoplasms in the upper lumbar area can produce symptoms interpreted as pelvic pain. Symptoms consistent with radiculopathy occurred late in the course of each of the three cases reported. ( info)

7/180. Abdominal sacral colpopexy resulting in a retained sponge. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: During abdominal sacral colpopexy, a procedure used to correct vaginal vault prolapse, the vaginal cuff must be elevated intraabdominally to facilitate suturing. The use of a vaginal sponge stick to elevate the cuff can result in foreign body complications. CASE: A 70-year-old woman developed chronic pelvic pain and a vaginal discharge after undergoing abdominal sacral colpopexy. Radiographic films showed what appeared to be a retained surgical needle in the vaginal cuff. During an exploratory laparotomy to remove the foreign body, a fragment of the sponge used to elevate the vaginal cuff during abdominal sacral colpopexy was found to have been inadvertently incorporated into the apex of the vagina. CONCLUSION: An end-to-end anastomotic sizer should be used to elevate the vaginal cuff during abdominal sacral colpopexy to reduce the risk of foreign body complications. ( info)

8/180. Primary non Hodgkin's lymphoma of the vagina.

    The genital tract as a primary site of malignant lymphoma in women is extremely rare. This report concerns a 64 year old patient with a primary vaginal non-Hodgkin lymphoma (large cell B lineage according to the REAL classification--centroblastic type according to the Kiel classification--"G" according Working Formulation) with an unusual clinical presentation--pelvic discomfort accompanied by frequent ureteral-like colic. Due to gynecological onset symptoms and the rarity of this extranodal primary site misinterpretation of a primary vaginal lymphoma as a benign inflammatory disease or endometriosis may occur. We emphasize the importance of their recognition and also the differential diagnosis of cervical lymphoma from other neoplastic and non-neoplastic lesions. ( info)

9/180. endometriosis of the pelvis presenting as hip pain. A case report.

    endometriosis is a disorder resulting from the presence of actively growing and functioning endometrial tissue in aberrant sites outside the uterus. Ectopic implantation of the endometrium can be located throughout the pelvic cavity. Depending on the location of the endometriosis, it can mimic common musculoskeletal problems, especially in young women who are menstruating. A young woman presented to an orthopaedic specialist with bilateral hip pain for the last several years. magnetic resonance imaging subsequently was performed on both hips and showed evidence of bilateral intrapelvic endometriosis adjacent to both acetabula. The patient was seen by her gynecologist, who prescribed cyclic hormonal suppressive therapy. On followup visit to the orthopaedist, the patient's symptoms had resolved completely. ( info)

10/180. Incarcerated tubal herniation, an unusual complication of operative laparoscopy and an odd cause of pelvic pain.

    Tubal herniation after laparoscopic surgery to relieve pelvic pain and adhesions was associated with long-term, chronic pelvic pain in the left lower quadrant. laparoscopy was performed to diagnose and reduce the herniation. review of the literature revealed no previous report of this complication. ( info)
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