Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/25. Combined treatment of periodontal disease and benign mucous membrane pemphigoid. Case report with 8 years maintenance.

    BACKGROUND: Desquamative gingivitis may be the clinical manifestation of one of several systemic diseases. The clinical course of the disease can be complicated by plaque-associated periodontitis. However, there is no information currently available for the concurrent management of both conditions. CASE REPORT AND RESULTS: This paper presents the treatment and 8-year maintenance of a patient with periodontal disease and benign mucous membrane pemphigoid (BMMP). The first phase of treatment included oral hygiene instructions and local corticosteroid administration, followed by scaling and root planing. The patient's compliance and excellent response to therapy allowed for subsequent surgical pocket elimination and augmentation of the zone of keratinized tissue for prosthetic reasons. Over the following 8 years, the patient's periodontal condition remained stable even though periodontal maintenance was erratic. For the control of BMMP, intermittent administration of corticosteroids was necessary, without any significant local or systemic side effects. CONCLUSIONS: We suggest that combined treatment and long-term maintenance of BMMP and periodontitis are feasible under certain conditions and propose a clinical protocol for treatment which could serve as a guideline for similar conditions.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = gingivitis
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/25. Esthetic management of multiple recession defects in a patient with cicatricial pemphigoid.

    Cicatricial pemphigoid is one of a number of mucocutaneous disorders that can present in the oral cavity with desquamation, pain, and bleeding of the gingiva and oral mucosa. This case report describes the management of cicatricial pemphigoid in a patient with multiple sites of gingival recession using connective tissue grafting to alleviate root surface sensitivity and improve esthetics. The treatment rationale is presented and discussed in terms of timing of therapy and implications for wound healing in patients who present with desquamative gingivitis.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = gingivitis
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/25. Immunopathological diagnosis of cicatricial pemphigoid with desquamative gingivitis. A case report.

    Cicatricial pemphigoid (CP) is a chronic subepidermal bullous dermatosis which primarily involves the mucous membranes. The oral cavity and the eye are most frequently involved. Since extension of the lesion into the pharynx and esophagus causes sore throat and dysphagia and progressive ocular lesions may cause blindness, early and valid diagnosis is very important. Here we present a case of cicatricial pemphigoid with onset at age 45 in a patient who manifested severe periodontal disease and showed the lesion on the mucous membranes of the mouth (desquamative gingivitis), skin, and eyes. Since definite diagnosis is very important, we describe how we made a differential diagnosis from other diseases which also accompany desquamative gingivitis. We examined the clinical manifestations, blood test results, HLA-genotype, histopathologic findings of the affected tissue, and immunological findings in relation to autoimmunity. Since many of the CP cases are first referred to periodontists or dentists, we believe that the diagnostic strategy described in the present study will be quite informative for making rapid and definite diagnoses of similar cases.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 6.0002235470462
keywords = gingivitis, mouth
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/25. Cicatricial pemphigoid with circulating IgA and IgG autoantibodies to the central portion of the BP180 ectodomain: beneficial effect of adjuvant therapy with high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin.

    Cicatricial pemphigoid (CP) is an autoimmune subepidermal blistering disease characterized by deposits of IgG, IgA, or C3 at the cutaneous basement membrane zone. CP may present with considerable variation regarding age, morphology of lesions, and mucosal involvement, which may heal with or without scarring. We describe a patient with CP who presented with circulating IgA and IgG autoantibodies to the epidermal side of salt-split human skin. By immunoblot analysis, the patient's IgA reacted with the soluble ectodomain of BP180 (LAD-1). This reactivity was mainly directed to the central portion of the BP180 ectodomain, a site that, to date, has not been described as the target of IgA autoantibodies. Different immunosuppressive treatment regimens including steroids and mycophenolate mofetil did not control this patient's disease, and severe scarring of the conjunctivae occurred with impairment of vision. Addition of adjuvant intravenous immunoglobulin (1 g/kg body weight on 2 consecutive days) every 4 weeks led to a dramatic improvement of conjunctivitis and gingivitis. Clinical improvement correlated with the serum's IgA immunoblot reactivity against LAD-1. Further studies on a larger number of patients with CP should try to correlate the specificity of autoantibodies in CP with the response to certain therapeutic regimens.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = gingivitis
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/25. Antiepiligrin (laminin 5) cicatricial pemphigoid complicated and exacerbated by herpes simplex virus type 2 infection.

    A 50-year-old man with antiepiligrin (laminin 5) cicatricial pemphigoid (AeCP) involving the eyes, mouth and skin required a combination of systemic drug therapies to suppress the ocular disease. herpes simplex virus type 2 infection of the mouth and pharynx precipitated an acute deterioration, with laryngeal involvement and an increase in oral ulceration. This is an unusual complication of long-term immunosuppression and illustrates some of the difficulties in the management of patients with AeCP. Clinical improvement was obtained with oral antiviral therapy and adjustment of his immunosuppressive regimen.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.00044709409238177
keywords = mouth
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/25. Oral pemphigoid masquerading as necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis in a child.

    BACKGROUND: Cicatricial pemphigoid (benign mucous membrane pemphigoid) is an autoimmune vesiculobullous disease that affects mucosal tissues of adults and rarely presents in children. Only 9 cases in the English literature have reported cicatricial pemphigoid in children, primarily as oral mucosal lesions. This paper presents a case of childhood cicatricial pemphigoid that clinically manifested as necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (NUG). methods: A 9-year-old girl presented with gingival bleeding and discomfort for 2 weeks. NUG was suspected and the patient was treated with antibiotics and an oral hygiene regimen. When the condition did not improve after repeated treatment trials, routine hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and direct immunofluorescence examinations were performed. RESULTS: Microscopic examination of H&E stained sections showed a non-specific ulceration with chronic inflammation. Direct immunofluorescence studies of peri-lesional tissue showed linear deposition of C3 at the basement membrane zone that was consistent with a diagnosis of cicatricial pemphigoid. CONCLUSION: Cicatricial pemphigoid is an autoimmune ulcerative condition that is rarely seen in children. Immunofluorescence studies are essential to differentiate this condition from other ulcerative oral lesions.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = gingivitis
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/25. mucous membrane pemphigoid in a patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

    PURPOSE: To describe a case of mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) with ocular manifestations in a patient subsequently diagnosed with B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). methods: Case report and literature review. RESULTS: A 64-year-old man presented with redness and irritation of both eyes. The patient also had blistering lesions on the roof of his mouth, trunk, and buttocks as well as bilateral conjunctival ulceration and symblepharon formation. A complete blood count performed before initiating treatment of presumed mucous membrane pemphigoid revealed a markedly increased white blood cell count (83,920) with a predominance of lymphocytes. Hematologic evaluation including immunophenotyping flow cytometry resulted in the diagnosis of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia. cyclophosphamide treatment improved his MMP and decreased the white blood cell count. CONCLUSIONS: mucous membrane pemphigoid has been reported in association with a variety of nonhematologic malignancies. This case suggests that mucous membrane pemphigoid may also occur in B-cell CLL and supports the concept that autoantibodies play a role in the pathogenesis of this cicatricial conjunctival disease.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.00022354704619089
keywords = mouth
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/25. Labial veneers in the management of desquamative gingivitis: report of a case.

    Desquamative gingivitis is a condition characterized by intense erythema, ulceration, and desquamation of the free and attached gingiva. Approximately 50% of desquamative gingivitis cases occur on the gingival tissues though it is not uncommon at other intraoral and extraoral sites. Though topical corticosteroids are considered the mainstays in the treatment of desquamative gingivitis, the inability of these medicaments to be in contact with the affected sites for longer duration has been implicated as a factor in reducing the efficacy of this mode of treatment. The case presented here is of a 24-year old male with desquamative gingivitis of 3 years duration. Topical corticosteroid therapy using custom-made acrylic veneers was utilized in the patient with remarkable results. This paper highlights the use of acrylic labial veneers over the gingival tissue as a vehicle for delivering medication and as a way to improve aesthetics.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 8
keywords = gingivitis
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/25. Desquamative gingivitis associated with IgG/IgA pemphigoid presents a challenging diagnosis and treatment: a case report.

    BACKGROUND: mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) is a heterogeneous group of autoimmune blistering disorders characterized by subepithelial separation and the deposition of immunoglobulins and complement along the basement membrane zone (BMZ). This disease is diagnosed with direct immunofluorescence testing showing a linear deposition of immunoglobulins and/or complement along the BMZ and indirect immunofluorescence testing showing circulating IgG (and sometimes IgA) autoantibodies along the BMZ. In this case report we describe desquamative gingivitis secondary to IgG/IgA pemphigoid and the management of this challenging variant of MMP. methods: Routine histology, direct immunofluorescence testing, and indirect immunofluorescence testing were utilized and correlated to the clinical findings to diagnose this unusual immunobullous disease. RESULTS: Direct and indirect immunofluorescence testing confirmed the clinical diagnosis of IgG/IgA pemphigoid as the cause of desquamative gingivitis and the other mucosal findings in this patient. A treatment program including dapsone and other drugs completely resolved the oral lesions after 14 months of therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Desquamative gingivitis associated with IgG/IgA pemphigoid can be challenging to diagnose and treat. After 14 months of treatment, a combination therapy consisting of dapsone with cimetidine and vitamin e to enhance drug efficacy and frequent intramuscular administrations of triamcinolone achieved control of both the oral and genital elements of IgG/IgA pemphigoid in this patient.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 7
keywords = gingivitis
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/25. mucous membrane pemphigoid of the vulva.

    BACKGROUND: mucous membrane pemphigoid is a rare autoimmune blistering disease primarily affecting mucosal surfaces. Blistering and scarring may occur in the eyes, mouth, esophagus, larynx, and on the vulva. Scarring can result in severe structural changes to the vulva that may mimic the findings of other inflammatory dermatologic disorders of the vulva, including lichen sclerosus and lichen planus. CASE: A 58-year-old woman presented with vulvar erosions, esophagitis, and laryngeal blisters. The clinical picture and the histopathology of a vulvar biopsy were suggestive of erosive lichen planus. Direct immunofluorescence, however, revealed findings diagnostic of mucous membrane pemphigoid. CONCLUSION: This case illustrates the importance of examining extragenital mucosal surfaces of any woman presenting with vulvar lesions. In addition, it demonstrates the importance of vulvar biopsy and the usefulness of direct immunofluorescence to differentiate between conditions with similar clinical and histopathologic changes.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.00022354704619089
keywords = mouth
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Pemphigoid, Benign Mucous Membrane'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.