Cases reported "Penile Diseases"

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1/2. Penile edema and meatal ulceration after intravesical instillation with bacillus Calmette-Guerin.

    bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) bladder instillation is an accepted treatment modality in the management of superficial transitional cell carcinoma but is associated with frequent side effects. A report of intravesical BCG-induced penile edema and meatal ulceration that occurred in 2 patients is presented. During induction therapy, both patients complained of progressive penile edema. In 1 patient the edema appeared after the second instillation and in the other after the fourth instillation. edema was associated with ensuing meatal ulceration and enlarged inguinal lymph nodes. BCG instillation was aborted, and oral antituberculous treatment was initiated. There was no report of external spillage during the administration of BCG or of genital or urethral trauma during catheterization. patients were treated at different clinics but with BCG of the same strain and batch. Symptoms continued for 6 weeks until they abated. Both patients were managed with oral antituberculous drugs for a period of 3 months. Adverse effects of BCG intravesical administration affect several organs in the genitourinary system. The penis and urethra may also be involved, presenting as penile edema and meatal ulceration. physicians who administer BCG must be familiar with the possible complications and their appropriate management.
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keywords = bacillus
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2/2. Treatment of recurrent penile condylomata acuminata with external application and intraurethral instillation of bacillus Calmette-Guerin.

    PURPOSE: condylomata acuminata are caused by human papillomavirus infection. Despite numerous treatment modalities these patients often demonstrate recurrent disease. We report initial experience with bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) therapy in patients not responding to standard treatment. MATERIALS AND methods: Between October 1994 and March 1997, 6 men with rapidly recurrent external and intraurethral condylomata acuminata underwent BCG therapy after initial laser treatment. External application and intraurethral instillation of BCG were performed 6 times in weekly intervals. Followup studies included examination and endoscopic inspection of the urethra and bladder. RESULTS: Of the patients 3 completed 1 course of BCG and had no relapse of condylomata acuminata, 2 underwent a second course of BCG and 1 had relapse, and 1 had relapse after discontinuing therapy due to penile edema. The annual recurrence rate decreased from 3.2 before to 0.75 after BCG therapy (p < 0.05, test of equality of 2 percentages). CONCLUSIONS: immunotherapy with BCG is accepted treatment for superficial transitional cell carcinoma. The BCG induced immune response appears to reduce the recurrence rate in patients with condylomata acuminata.
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ranking = 1.25
keywords = bacillus
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