Cases reported "Periapical Abscess"

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1/86. Chronic factitial ulcer of chin cured by endodontic (root-canal) surgery for underlying periapical abscess.

    In a determined search for the cause of a "factitial" ulcer of the jaw, consultation with 3 dentists was required before an underlying periapical abscess was discovered. Within 3 months of endodontic surgery, this ulcer of 12 years duration had completely healed and remains healed. Too often dental infection is neither suspected nor detected as a cause of skin disease.
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keywords = dental
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2/86. Dentinal dysplasia type I: report of a case.

    A case of dentinal dysplasia type I is presented. This rare hereditary disturbance of dentine is characterized by short-rooted teeth with sharp conical apical constrictions, aberrant growth of dentine in the pulp chamber leading to reduced pulp space in permanent teeth and total pulpal obliteration in the primary dentition. Clinical, radiographic and histopathological material from a 7-year-old boy, showing the typical features of this disorder in which teeth are prematurely lost through periapical abscesses, cysts or spontaneous exfoliation, is described. A review of the theories of pathogenesis of this condition is included. Management of patients with dentinal dysplasia is difficult and a discussion of the shortcomings of various treatment strategies, including conventional endodontic therapy, periapical curettage and retrograde root filling, and a preventive regimen, are discussed. In this case, despite diagnosis being made at an early age and the provision of regular dental care, the patient is now losing teeth because of spontaneous abscess formation.
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keywords = dental
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3/86. diagnosis and treatment of cutaneous facial sinus tracts of dental origin.

    BACKGROUND: Cutaneous draining sinus tracts of dental origin often are a diagnostic challenge. A delay in correctly diagnosing these types of lesions can result in ineffective and inappropriate treatment. CASE DESCRIPTION: The authors present five cases of facial lesions that were initially misdiagnosed as lesions of nonodontogenic origin. The correct diagnosis in each case was cutaneous sinus tract secondary to pulpal necrosis and suppurative apical periodontitis. All facial sinus tracts resolved after the patients received nonsurgical root canal therapy. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: As patients with cutaneous facial sinus tracts of dental origin often do not have obvious dental symptoms, possible dental etiology may be overlooked. Early correct diagnosis and treatment of these lesions can help prevent unnecessary and ineffective antibiotic therapy or surgical treatment.
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ranking = 8
keywords = dental
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4/86. Recalcitrant acne vulgaris secondary to a dental abscess.

    This case report describes a middle-aged man with acne that was recalcitrant to numerous medications, including three courses of isotretinoin. His condition cleared after an infected tooth was removed and recurred when another tooth became carious. acne vulgaris is associated with several immunologic responses including the production of antibodies against propionibacterium acnes, the gram-positive bacteria found in acne lesions. We believe that the presence of our patient's dental infections provoked a follicular inflammatory response resulting in his recalcitrant acne.
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ranking = 5
keywords = dental
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5/86. Lower lip numbness due to peri-radicular dental infection.

    Lower lip numbness has always been a sinister symptom. Much has been written about it being the sole symptom of pathological lesions and metastatic tumours in the mandible. It may also be a symptom of manifestations of certain systemic disorders. A case of lower lip numbness resulting from the compression of the mental nerve by a peri-radicular abscess is presented because of the unusual nature of this spread of infection.
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ranking = 4
keywords = dental
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6/86. Familial hypophosphatemic vitamin d-resistant rickets: dental findings and histologic study of teeth.

    A case of familial hypophosphatemic vitamin d-resistant rickets or X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) accompanied by specific systemic and dental findings is reported. A 15-year-old boy with XLH visited our facility complaining of a toothache in the left lower canine region. Two other family members of the patient, his younger sister and their mother, also had XLH, whereas the other 2 members, his younger brother and father, are healthy. Those with XLH show systemic signs of the disease, such as growth retardation, limb deformity, and spinal curvature disorders; however, these symptoms are more severe in the patient than in the others. The patient had multiple periodontal abscesses, but no evidence of dental caries, trauma, or periodontal disease on the corresponding teeth at the time of his oral examination. A radiographic examination showed root dysplasia and enlarged pulp chambers.A histologic examination of an extracted third molar showed marked globular dentin and an increased predentin width. The abscess was thought to be caused by pulpal infection, which came from bacterial invasion through enamel cracks and dentinal microcleavage of the teeth. The treatments provided in this case are discussed.
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ranking = 6.0246627095555
keywords = dental, caries
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7/86. paresthesia of the mental nerve induced by periapical infection: a case report.

    paresthesia can be a rare complication of infections of dental origin. This article presents a case of anesthesia/paresthesia caused by a periapical infection of the right mandibular second premolar. The sensory disturbance disappeared 2 weeks after conventional endodontic treatment associated with antibiotic therapy. Twelve months later, the tooth was still asymptomatic. The possible mechanisms responsible for paresthesia associated with periapical infection are discussed.
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keywords = dental
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8/86. Nasal fistula associated with dental infection: a report of a case.

    Most clinicians have come across a patient with difficult symptoms to diagnose. Often confusion occurs between odontogenic and nonodontogenic causes of sinus discomfort. On many occasions, sinus pain is due to purely dental causes, whereas in other situations dental pain is reported when the sinuses are infected. Due to the intimate association between the roots of the maxillary teeth and the floor of the nasal cavity and maxillary sinuses, diagnosis may be difficult. The following is a case report of a nasal fistula that developed from an abscessed maxillary central incisor.
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ranking = 6
keywords = dental
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9/86. tongue piercing and associated oral and dental complications.

    The insertion of metal objects into intraoral and perioral sites is growing in popularity. However, there are numerous oral and dental complications associated with tongue piercing. Fifteen patients with tongue piercings (pierced in the body of the tongue, anterior to the lingual frenum) attending the dental office of the authors, with and without complaints, were clinically and radiographically examined. The most common dental problem registered was chipping of teeth. Furthermore, two cracked teeth and four teeth with cusp fractures were also seen. One case of selective dental abrasion was registered. Trauma to the lingual anterior gingiva was the most common gingival problem. A salivary flow stimulating effect was only reported by 2 of the 15 individuals. None of the patients complained of interference with speech, mastication and swallowing. One case of galvanic currents produced by the appliance was registered. On the basis of the registered data, we concluded that patients need to be better informed of the potential complications associated with tongue and oral piercings, and that the dental profession can serve this role.
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ranking = 9
keywords = dental
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10/86. periapical abscess formation and resolution adjacent to dental implants: a clinical report.

    The vitality of teeth adjacent to dental implants should be considered in the treatment planning of dental implants. Both the restorability of an endodontically treated tooth and the risk of infection of the adjacent implant are important factors in planning for success. Given the illustrated difficulties and difficulties associated with resolving periapical infections of teeth and implants, it is essential to define the vitality of teeth by careful pulp testing and to consider the integrity of existing questionable, endodontically treated teeth before implant treatment. The risk of periapical infection at teeth adjacent to implants must be minimized.
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ranking = 6
keywords = dental
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