Cases reported "Pericardial Effusion"

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1/689. Left ventricular apical diastolic collapse: an unusual echocardiographic marker of postoperative cardiac tamponade.

    A 37-year-old woman was evaluated for signs and symptoms of cardiac tamponade 11 days after mitral valve replacement and tricuspid valve repair. The transthoracic echocardiogram showed a large, compartmentalized pericardial effusion that resulted in left ventricular apical diastolic collapse. Also noted were right ventricular posterior wall diastolic collapse and hemodynamic findings consistent with cardiac tamponade. This case highlights the atypical echocardiographic findings in patients with pericardial effusions after cardiac surgery.
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keywords = effusion
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2/689. Lethal congenital dyserythropoietic anaemia type I in siblings presenting as pericardial effusions in the second trimester.

    Congenital dyserythropoietic anaemias (CDA) are rare inherited disorders of erythropoiesis characterised by abnormal red cell morphology and haemolysis. The diagnosis of CDA should be considered in the fetus or patient presenting with a normocytic or macrocytic anaemia especially if red cell morphology is abnormal. Three types and other possible variants have been described. There are few reports of clinical presentation of CDA in utero. We present 2 cases of lethal CDA in siblings that presented with pericardial effusions in the second trimester.
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3/689. Isolated primary chylopericardium.

    A 16-year-old man was found to have an enlarged cardiac silhouette. Primary chylopericardium was diagnosed when pericardiocentesis yielded the characteristic milky-white fluid. The thoracic duct was easily identified by giving milk and butter and an injection of ethylene blue immediately before the operation. Intraoperative thoracic ductography showed no abnormal findings. Mass ligation of the thoracic duct above the diaphragm and partial pericardiectomy were successfully performed through a right thoracotomy approach. In addition, many of the lymphatics were ligated above the diaphragm. The right thoracotomy approach was a useful method for resection and ligation of the thoracic duct just above the diaphragm. Follow-up showed no accumulation of pericardial fluid or pleural effusion.
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4/689. Intrapericardial benign teratoma with unusual presentation.

    Benign teratoma, also referred as dermoid cyst, do occur in the mediastinum. However, their intrapericardial location has been reported very occasionally. This case of intrapericardial benign solid teratoma is being presented because of its rarity and its unusual presentation as a case of empyema, with features of cardiac compression and pericardial effusion.
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5/689. hypothyroidism presenting as acute cardiac tamponade with viral pericarditis.

    This report describes the case of a young woman who presented to an emergency department with severe abdominal pain and shock. The patient was found to have pericardial tamponade due to a massive pericardial effusion. On further evaluation, the etiology of this effusion was considered to be secondary to hypothyroidism with concominant acute viral pericarditis leading to a fulminant tamponade. The presentation, differential diagnosis, and management of pericardial effusion and tamponade secondary to hypothyroidism and viral pericarditis are discussed. The diagnosis of hypothyroidism in conjunction with acute viral pericarditis should be considered in patients presenting with unexplained pericardial effusion and tamponade.
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keywords = effusion
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6/689. A case of diffuse endomyocardial fibrosis of the right ventricle with persistent pericardial effusion.

    A case of 42-year-old female with persistent pericardial effusion and recurrent congestive heart failure was presented. The clinical course, laboratory and cardiac evaluations confirmed the existence of tricuspid incompetence and restrictive condition of the right ventricle. At autopsy, the right atrium and ventricle showed moderate hypertrophy, the left ventricle being almost completely spared macroscopically. Diffuse fibrous thickening of the right atrial and ventricular endomyocardium with mural thrombi, and mild lymphocytic infiltation were noted microscopically. These findings are compatible with endomyocardial fibrosis described by Davies. The etiology and pathogenesis of the disease were discussed.
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7/689. Hemopericardium, anticoagulation, and an endocardial pacemaker. A case report with description of new auscultatory and radiographic signs.

    A case of organizing hemopericardium and cardiac tamponade in a patient with a permanent endocardial pacemaker who was maintained on anticoagulation is presented. The hemopericardium is concluded as solely due to the anticoagulation. A new auscultatory finding attributable to an endocardial pacemaker and a helpful radiographic sign of pericardial effusion in patients with these pacemakers is described.
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8/689. cardiac tamponade in primary myxedema and review of the literature.

    A case of cardiac tamponade secondary to primary myxedema is described. The nature of the patient's pericardial fluid and clinical course compared with other cases in the literature is reviewed. The patient had no recurrence of cardiac tamponade. Complete resolution of the pericardial effusion occurred 10 months followint initial pericardiocentesis and L-thyroxine therapy.
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9/689. Squamous cell metastasis from the tongue to the myocardium presenting as pericardial effusion.

    Cardiac metastasis from head and neck cancer is rarely encountered. We present a base-of-tongue squamous cell carcinoma with metastasis to the heart that was diagnosed antemortem. autopsy series indicate that tongue cancer may metastasize more frequently to the heart than from other head and neck sites. However, none of these studies was controlled. Most importantly, cardiac metastasis should be suspected in any patient with cancer in whom new cardiac symptoms develop. The diagnosis is best confirmed with two-dimensional echocardiography or cardiac MRI. A myocardial or endocardial biopsy specimen can be obtained with angiographic guidance. Despite the improvement in diagnostic capability, available treatments are only palliative. All patients eventually die of their metastatic disease.
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keywords = effusion
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10/689. cardiac tamponade originating from primary gastric signet ring cell carcinoma.

    A 45-year-old man with dry cough and dyspnea was referred by a medical practitioner for evaluation of heart failure on February 10, 1996. Chest X-ray revealed increased cardiothoracic ratio, and ultrasonographic echocardiography disclosed massive pericardial effusion with right ventricular collapse. cardiac tamponade was diagnosed and pericardiocentesis was performed. Ten days after admission, the pleural effusion had become more pronounced, and thoracocentesis was performed. carcinoembryonic antigen level was elevated in both the pericardial and pleural effusion, and cytology implicated adenocarcinoma, which suggested malignant effusion. Endoscopic study disclosed gastric cancer in the posterior wall of the upper body, and the histopathological diagnosis was signet-ring cell carcinoma. The patient died of respiratory failure on May 2, 1996, and autopsy was performed. The final diagnosis was gastric cancer with pulmonary lymphangitis, pericarditis, and pleuritis carcinomatosa, accompanied by enlargement of mediastinal and paraaortic lymph nodes. Interestingly, the primary signet-ring cell carcinoma of the stomach was situated mostly in the mucosa. Deep in the submucosal region, there was prominent invasion of the intralymphatic vessels, without direct destruction of the mucosa muscularis.
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ranking = 2
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