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1/37. Treatment of molar furcation involvement using root separation and a crown and sleeve-coping telescopic denture. A longitudinal study.

    Because of the inconsistent results of periodontal and prosthetic therapy, periodontists may choose to treat maxillary molar furcation involvements (FI) with poor root morphology utilizing a root resection technique (RRT). In addition, poor root morphology of the remaining root following RRT is usually considered a high risk factor for long-term periodontal and prosthetic success. The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate the differences in the clinical periodontal parameters between molar abutments with and without molar root separation and/or resection (RSR) before and after periodontal and prosthetic therapy, using a crown and sleeve-coping telescopic denture (CSCTD). A total of 85 molars (47 maxillary and 38 mandibular) were treated in 25 subjects. There were 33 abutments without root separation/resection and 52 abutments with RSR. Forty-three CSCTD were placed, 23 in the maxillary arch and 20 in the mandibular arch. The mean observation period was 6.7 /-1.9 years (range, 5 to 13 years). The plaque index, gingival index, probing depth, clinical attachment level, and alveolar bone change were recorded. The differences in these parameters before and after periodontal and prosthetic therapy between the advanced furcation-involved molars with and without RSR were evaluated. The results revealed a remarkable improvement in the periodontal parameters in advanced Class II and Class III FI in molars with RSR as compared to those without RSR. It was, therefore, concluded that molar abutments with RSR in conjunction with a specifically designed telescopic device provide a modified approach for treating molars with advanced Class II and III FI.
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ranking = 1
keywords = gingival
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2/37. Combined treatment of a large periodontal defect using GTR and DFDBA.

    The regeneration of periodontal structures lost to inflammatory disease is an elusive yet attainable goal of periodontal therapy. This article reports the successful treatment of a large periodontal defect using a combination of demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA) and guided tissue regeneration (GTR). The case presents endodontic and mucogingival complications in the combined GTR osseous graft technique. The combined techniques used in this 27-year-old patient achieved a reduction in probing depth, radiographic evidence of bone fill, and a reduction in clinical mobility.
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ranking = 1
keywords = gingival
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3/37. Implant site development using orthodontic extrusion: a case report.

    One of the most important factors in the successful placement of endosseous implants is the presence of adequate alveolar bone at the recipient site. alveolar bone loss associated with destructive periodontal disease frequently results in osseous defects that may complicate subsequent implant placement. Typically, such defects are treated prior to or at the time of implant surgery using the principles of guided bone regeneration. Under certain circumstances, however, such defects may be managed non-surgically by orthodontic extrusion. orthodontic extrusion can be used to increase the vertical bone height and volume and to establish a more favourable soft-tissue profile prior to implant placement. The addition, the increase in the vertical osseous dimension at interproximal sites may assist in the preservation of the interdental papillae and can further enhance gingival aesthetics. This report illustrates the treatment sequence for site development with orthodontic extrusion prior to immediate implant placement.
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ranking = 1.0062856865658
keywords = gingival, dental
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4/37. Aplastic anemia: current concepts and dental management.

    Aplastic anemia (AA) is a rare blood dyscrasia in which the peripheral blood cells are decreased because of bone marrow failure. The clinical course reflects the severity of pancytopenia and is unpredictable for the individual. hemorrhage and infection remain the major threats to these patients. Recent advances in transfusion medicine, infection management, bone marrow transplantation, and immunosuppressive therapy have improved survival of patients with AA. oral manifestations of AA are common and may have serious sequelae. Two cases of acute periodontal infection associated with AA are presented. Dental management guidelines are presented in the context of interdisciplinary care.
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ranking = 0.025142746263254
keywords = dental
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5/37. Subgingival restorations with resin ionomer: a periodontal alternative.

    The successful use and placement of subgingival resin-ionomer restorations in both anterior root and molar furcation defects are demonstrated in this article. Sustained tissue health and minimal probing depths at the surgical site demonstrate clinical success. These case reports illustrate the continued success of alternative treatment procedures for restoring subgingival mechanical root or periodontal lesions.
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ranking = 6
keywords = gingival
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6/37. A multidisciplinary approach to the diagnosis and treatment of early-onset periodontitis: a case report.

    BACKGROUND: The diagnosis and treatment of early-onset forms of periodontitis (EOP) represent a major challenge to periodontists. In this case report, we describe a multidisciplinary approach for the treatment of a patient with severe generalized juvenile periodontitis (GJP). Our approach incorporates clinical laboratory evaluation with conventional concepts of periodontal pathogenesis and therapeutics to diagnose and effectively treat EOP. methods: The 17-year-old female patient presented with clinical and radiographic evidence of severe attachment loss. Microbiological testing showed the presence of known periodontal pathogens including actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, prevotella intermedia, and porphyromonas gingivalis. Routine immunological tests did not reveal any of the functional defects thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of EOP After initiation of therapy, which consisted of scaling and root planing, supplemented with administration of systemic antibiotics, a reduction in probing depth and gain in clinical attachment could be demonstrated. Microbiological testing was used to monitor the composition of the periodontal microbiota and to adjust antimicrobial therapy accordingly. RESULTS: Using a non-surgical approach to treatment, except for 2 root amputations performed without flap reflection, we have been able to stabilize this patient's periodontal condition over the course of a 2-year follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: This treatment strategy provides an efficacious alternative to more aggressive forms of therapy and should therefore be considered for the treatment of patients with severe EOP.
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ranking = 1
keywords = gingival
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7/37. Combined mechanical and antibiotic periodontal therapy in a case of Papillon-Lefevre syndrome.

    BACKGROUND: Papillon Lefevre syndrome (PLS) is a rare entity and, as such, it is almost impossible to evaluate an effective therapy in a randomized controlled study. The amount of success reported after therapy for prepubertal periodontitis (PP) in PLS is highly variable from case to case. The goal of this case report is to evaluate the effects of a combined mechanical and antibiotic periodontal therapy regimen in the management of PLS. methods: A male patient was diagnosed as suffering from PP associated with PLS at the age of 7 years. He showed hyperkeratosis of the palms and soles, as well as advanced periodontal disease already affecting permanent teeth with maximal probing depth and vertical attachment loss of 12 mm and 11 mm, respectively. Subgingival debridement was performed with simultaneous administration of oral 250 mg amoxicillin 3 times daily and 250 mg metronidazole twice daily for one week. Clinical parameters were assessed and subgingival plaque was collected from all teeth prior to therapy and 7 and 26 months after treatment. Selective cultures for A. actinomycetemcomitans were incubated for each individual tooth and DNA probe analysis was performed for various periodontal pathogens. RESULTS: Prior to combined mechanical and antibiotic treatment, all teeth but one harbored actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans subgingivally. However, at 7 and 26 months after therapy A. actinomycetemcomitans could be detected neither by culture nor by dna probes. Clinical parameters improved markedly and teeth erupting after therapy did not exhibit attachment loss of more than 1.5 mm during the observation period. CONCLUSIONS: Eradication (suppression beneath detection levels) of A. actinomycetemcomitans seems to play a significant role in the successful treatment of localized prepubertal periodontitis in PLS.
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ranking = 3
keywords = gingival
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8/37. connective tissue grafting for root coverage in multiple Class III gingival recessions with enamel matrix derivative: a case report.

    This case presentation demonstrates an innovative approach to root coverage that uses an enamel matrix derivative in conjunction with periosteal connective tissue grafting in a patient with multiple gingival facial recessions. A 22-year-old female patient presented for the resolution of aesthetic concerns associated with multiple gingival recessions for teeth #23(32) through #25(41). This technique achieved soft tissue coverage of the root surfaces and effectively improved the patient's aesthetic appearance. These satisfactory clinical results have been maintained for 12 months.
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ranking = 6
keywords = gingival
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9/37. Treatment of a palatal-gingival groove using enamel matrix derivative.

    This case report demonstrates the treatment of a severe palatal-gingival groove on a maxillary lateral incisor. Periodontal surgery for tissue preservation and esthetics included odontoplasty, citric acid application, and the placement of porcine enamel matrix protein. At intervals up to 15 months postoperatively, the site remained free of signs of clinical inflammation and revealed a stable decrease of 8 mm to 9 mm in probing depth. This surgical procedure improved the long-term prognosis for this tooth from poor to excellent.
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ranking = 5
keywords = gingival
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10/37. Use of a serially layered, double connective tissue graft approach to enhance maxillary anterior esthetics.

    The demands of current periodontal practice require that clinicians use varied approaches to resolve poor esthetic appearances. In particular, patients are becoming less and less accepting of exposed roots and lost interdental papillae, especially in the maxillary anterior sextant. This report describes a surgical technique that combines the advantages of a root-coverage procedure using subepithelial connective tissue grafts and an incision design that preserves interdental papillae, coupled with the use of enamel matrix derivative (Emdogain) to maximize the regenerative potential.
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ranking = 0.012571373131627
keywords = dental
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