Cases reported "Periodontal Diseases"

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1/337. Pyorrhoea as cause of pyrexia.

    Three patients with fever and malaise, one of whom also had joint pains, were extensively investigated before their condition was attributed to dental sepsis. Each patient recovered fully after appropriate dental treatment. Dental sepsis should be added to the list of possible causes of pyrexia of undetermined origin, and a routine dental examination should be carried out in each case. ( info)

2/337. Clinical applications of the Nd:YAG laser in oral soft tissue surgery and periodontology.

    Different clinical applications of the Nd:YAG laser in periodontology are discussed in this study. Several clinical cases are presented showing the application spectrum of the Nd:YAG laser in oral soft tissue surgery. literature reports are discussed to present to the clinical practitioner the advantages and disadvantages of laser surgery. lasers have a useful place in the periodontal and oral surgical techniques, if manufacturer's guidelines are strictly followed. ( info)

3/337. Burkitt-like lymphoma presenting as a periodontal disease in AIDS patients: a report of two cases.

    Burkitt-like lymphoma of the oral cavity is relatively uncommon in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). The lesion usually appears as a solitary ulcerated mass with rapid onset. Some may present initially as gingival inflammation which delays final diagnosis and treatment. This report describes the presentations of multifocal intraoral Burkitt-like lymphoma in two Thai heterosexual men with AIDS. The clinical features and the radiographic findings in both cases mimicked a periodontal disease, showing extensive widening of the periodontal ligament space and loss of lamina dura in all segments of the molar teeth. The patients eventually died 5 and 14 months after they were diagnosed with hiv infection. ( info)

4/337. guided tissue regeneration in the management of severe periodontal-endodontic lesions.

    diagnosis of combined periodontal-endodontic lesions can prove difficult and frustrating. They are often characterised by extensive loss of periodontal attachment and alveolar bone, and their successful management depends on careful clinical evaluation, accurate diagnosis, and a structured approach to treatment planning for both the periodontic and endodontic components. Recent advances in regenerative periodontics have led to improved management of periodontal-endodontic lesions. This paper reviews the management of such lesions in light of these recent advances and illustrates this through reports of two patients who had severe periodontal involvement. ( info)

5/337. Effective periodontal treatment in a patient with type IIA von Willebrand's disease: report of a case.

    von Willebrand's disease (vWD) is one of the most common hereditary hemorrhagic disorders. A mild to moderate deficiency of factor viii and von willebrand factor (vWf) often is associated with gingival bleeding. In this case report, the periodontal treatment of a patient with vWD is described. A 45-year-old woman with type IIA vWD was referred for periodontal therapy because of an episode of gingival hemorrhage and percussion pain of teeth #18 and #47. The periodontal findings included probing depths ranging from 2 to 6 mm, horizontal bone loss, and Class II furcation involvement of tooth #46. After consultation with a hematologist, apically positioned flap surgery and hemisection were performed on tooth #46 following completion of oral hygiene instruction, scaling and root planing, and endodontic therapy. The patient was given 500 units of factor viii including vWf multimer 30 minutes before surgery. After healing of the periodontal tissue, prosthodontic treatment was undertaken on the posterior mandibular sextants. At follow-up, the probing depths ranged from 2 to 3 mm, and gingival bleeding on probing was minimal. The patient's children all had vWD. They had mild to moderate periodontitis with probing depths ranging from 2 to 5 mm and gingival bleeding on probing. With the combined efforts of the periodontist and hematologist, effective periodontal treatment can be provided to patients with von Willebrand's disease. ( info)

6/337. Enamel matrix derivative for periodontal reconstructive surgery: technique and clinical and histologic case report.

    This paper describes a step-by-step technique for the application of Emdogain, a new enamel matrix derivative (EMD) graft material, for periodontal reconstructive surgery. A case report is presented with a 1-year follow-up. The rationale for use and advantages and disadvantages of EMD are discussed. An additional human histologic case report demonstrates that the formation of new bone, cementum, and periodontal ligament is possible following the use of EMD. ( info)

7/337. Functional and esthetic outcome enhancement of periodontal surgery by application of plastic surgery principles.

    The closure of surgical wounds in a layer-by-layer fashion, a common principle of plastic surgery, is applied in this article to the field of periodontal surgery with the introduction of a new flap design. The suggested technique is indicated with all periodontal procedures that aim for hard and soft tissue augmentation (guided bone regeneration, mucogingival surgery, or plastic periodontal surgery) where passive, tension-free wound closure is fundamental for wound healing and a successful functional and esthetic outcome. By means of a series of incisions, buccal and lingual flaps are split several times; this results in a double-partial thickness flap and a coronally positioned palatal sliding flap, respectively. Thus, several tissue layers are obtained and the passive advancement of flaps becomes possible for the coverage of augmented areas. Wound closure with microsurgical suture material is accomplished in a multilayer approach, which ensures adaptation and closure of the outer tissue layers without any tension. Two case reports demonstrate the new plastic periodontal approach. ( info)

8/337. replantation of avulsed central incisor with advanced periodontal disease: a case report.

    This paper describes the case of a 31-year-old woman with advanced periodontal disease who lost a tooth due to trauma. The avulsed tooth had minimal bony support of only 4-5 mm. The patient described was under good periodontal maintenance. The tooth was kept moist, and replantation occurred within an hour of avulsion. The tooth was returned to its position, splinted, and later endodontically treated. After 2 years the tooth appears and functions normally as it did before avulsion. ( info)

9/337. Combined systemic and local antimicrobial therapy of periodontal disease in Papillon-Lefevre syndrome. A report of 4 cases.

    4 patients, 2 pairs of siblings, suffering from Papillon-Lefevre syndrome were treated for periodontal disease. Following extraction of hopeless teeth, the children received scaling and adjunctive systemic antibiotics (metronidazole and amoxicillin for 7 to 10 days). In addition, they performed supragingival pulsated jet irrigation with 0.06% chlorhexidine digluconate 1 x daily. In 2 siblings, A. actinomycetemcomitans was suppressed subgingivally below detectable levels, pocket probing depths were reduced to 4 mm or less, and plaque and bleeding indices were low. No further disease progression was seen over a 3-year-period. Another female patient also showed clinical improvement and suppression of subgingival A. actinomycetemcomitans and B. forsythus up to the 9-month-follow-up, while her sister showed further attachment loss over the course of 4 years. The present case reports indicated that in some patients suffering from Papillon-Lefevre syndrome periodontal disease may be arrested by means of (i) oral hygiene instruction, (ii) extraction of severely diseased teeth, (iii) scaling, (iv) systemic antibiotics and (v) long-term antimicrobial irrigation. ( info)

10/337. Generalized periodontal involvement in a young patient with systemic lupus erythematosus.

    inflammation is considered to be a leading cause of morbidity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), yet inflammatory periodontal involvement is rarely encountered. A young lady suffering from active SLE accompanied by severe periodontal loss, manifested by gingival recession of all her teeth, was referred to our clinic for treatment. The association between periodontal involvement and connective tissue diseases is unclear, and the literature dealing with periodontal involvement in patients suffering from sjogren's syndrome and rheumatoid arthritis is comprised of studies showing both normal and pathological periodontal status. We discuss the possible underlying mechanisms. ( info)
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