Cases reported "Periodontal Diseases"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/87. Pyorrhoea as cause of pyrexia.

    Three patients with fever and malaise, one of whom also had joint pains, were extensively investigated before their condition was attributed to dental sepsis. Each patient recovered fully after appropriate dental treatment. Dental sepsis should be added to the list of possible causes of pyrexia of undetermined origin, and a routine dental examination should be carried out in each case.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = dental
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/87. The periodontal management of a patient with a profound immunodeficiency disorder.

    A case of severe, uncontrolled periodontal disease in a patient with a profound immunodeficiency disorder is reported. The periodontal disease was noted before the age of 10 years and is generalized, with marked associated alveolar bone loss, even threatening a mandibular fracture. Severely involved teeth were allowed to exfoliate, and extractions were avoided. At the age of 17 years, the patient now has only nine remaining teeth. The management adopted and alternative approaches are critically reviewed. The implications of the dental findings for current concepts of the pathogenesis of periodontal disease and dental caries are discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.3980593552544
keywords = dental caries, dental, caries
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/87. Congenital neutropenia. Report of a case and a biorationale for dental management.

    Congenital neutropenia is characterized by a marked decrease in or lack of circulating PMN's in children with no prior history of drug intake. The neutropenia is persistent and the clinical course is one of early onset of severe, recurrent, and eventually fatal infections. Bone marrow studies show a maturation arrest of neutrophilic precursors. Because of their greatly increased susceptibility to infection, patients with congenital neutropenia present a difficult dental management problem. A case of congenital neutropenia has been presented, as well as a biorationale for dental treatment. On the basis of reports in the literature, the following recommendations for the management of patients with congenital neutropenia are made: 1. The prevention and control of infection and the interception of dental disease before surgical intervention becomes necessary should be the overriding considerations in the management of patients with congenital neutropenia. 2. The carious breakdown of teeth should be prevented by the daily application of a 0.4 per cent stannous fluoride gel in addition to oral hygiene and limitation of sucrose intake. 3. Periodontal therapy should be palliative only, since alveolar bone loss is progressive despite frequent oral hygiene instruction and prophylaxis. The goal of periodontal therapy for patients with congenital neutropenia should therefore be a decrease in gingival inflammation to make the patient's mouth more comfortable and to slow down alveolar bone loss. Periodontal surgery is contraindicated. 4. bacteremia and subsequent septicemia should be prevented since a minor infection can become life threatening in patients with congenital neutropenia. The patient should rinse for 30 seconds and the gingival sulci should be irrigated with a phenolated antiseptic mouthwash prior to all dental manipulations of the soft tissue. This will significantly reduce the incidence of bacteremia. 5. Surgery should be avoided if at all possible because of the high risk of post-operative infection. All surgery sholld be performed in the hospital, and the patient should be given antibiotics as determined by his physician. Primary closure should be done with fine polyglycolic acid sutures to reduce the chance of infection. If postoperative infection can be prevented, wound healing will progress normally despite the complete absence of PMN's.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2.6666666666667
keywords = dental
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/87. Implant site development using orthodontic extrusion: a case report.

    One of the most important factors in the successful placement of endosseous implants is the presence of adequate alveolar bone at the recipient site. alveolar bone loss associated with destructive periodontal disease frequently results in osseous defects that may complicate subsequent implant placement. Typically, such defects are treated prior to or at the time of implant surgery using the principles of guided bone regeneration. Under certain circumstances, however, such defects may be managed non-surgically by orthodontic extrusion. orthodontic extrusion can be used to increase the vertical bone height and volume and to establish a more favourable soft-tissue profile prior to implant placement. The addition, the increase in the vertical osseous dimension at interproximal sites may assist in the preservation of the interdental papillae and can further enhance gingival aesthetics. This report illustrates the treatment sequence for site development with orthodontic extrusion prior to immediate implant placement.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = dental
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/87. The relationship between peripheral levels of leukocytes and neutrophils and periodontal disease status in a patient with congenital neutropenia.

    BACKGROUND: Congenital neutropenia is characterized by an almost total absence of neutrophils and increased susceptibility to infection. oral manifestations include ulcerations of mucous membranes, acute gingival inflammation with focal necrosis, and rapid loss of attachment. Treatment with recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) increases neutrophil numbers and ameliorates the periodontal status. methods: We report the treatment of a 22-year-old male with congenital neutropenia (Kostman syndrome), referred to us due to periodontal disease, and the effect of treatment on peripheral neutropenia. diagnosis of neutropenia was made at year 1; at age 15, the patient started to receive injections of rhG-CSF, reducing the occurrence of infection and improving neutrophil count, although levels remained below normal. The patient underwent extraction of a molar at age 8; scaling, root planing, and modified Widman flaps at age 9; and oral hygiene maintenance every 2 to 3 months from age 18 to 21. At age 23, he initiated treatment at our periodontal clinic. The patient's gingiva was severely inflamed, and the dentition was covered with plaque and calculus. Attachment loss was advanced, all teeth were mobile, and bone loss was approximately 75% in most sites. Neutrophil counts were below normal, but other hematologic parameters were normal. Scaling and root planing were performed and the patient received antibiotics and chlorhexidine rinses twice each day for 2 weeks. Extracoronal splinting was performed, fluoride varnish was used to desensitize cervical areas, and tooth FDI #46 was restored. root planing and deplaquing were repeated, and the patient received subgingival chlorhexidine irrigation 13 times over one year. Assessments were made on presentation, after the initial treatment, and at 1 and 2 years post-treatment. RESULTS: Mean probing depth was reduced posttreatment with a further reduction during the maintenance period. This was correlated with an increase in attachment levels. Total white blood cells increased, due in part to an increase in neutrophils, reaching normal levels. CONCLUSIONS: This report demonstrates for the first time that periodontal therapy, resulting in decreased bacterial load, may result in restoration of normal levels of circulating neutrophils in individuals with congenital neutropenia under treatment with rhG-CSF. The results also suggest that periodontal pathogens may be associated with depressed neutrophil levels, even when patients receive treatment for neutropenia.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3.2708228880483E-5
keywords = white
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/87. Multiple dental extractions using general anesthesia for a patient with Down and Eisenmenger syndromes and periodontal disease.

    A patient with down syndrome and severe retardation and Eisenmenger syndrome sought dental treatment at the oregon health Sciences University Hospital Dental Service. Eisenmenger syndrome is a form of cyanotic congenital cardiovascular pulmonary disease. The cardiac structural abnormalities associated with Eisenmenger syndrome preclude the use of conscious sedation and predispose a patient to the development of bacterial endocarditis. A prophylactic antibiotic regimen is recommended for patients with Eisenmenger syndrome who are undergoing procedures that produce a transient bacteremia. This article reviews the appropriate measures necessary for the safe anesthetic, operative, and perioperative care of a severely compromised patient. It is based on an understanding of the pathophysiology associated with Eisenmenger syndrome.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.6666666666667
keywords = dental
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/87. Aplastic anemia: current concepts and dental management.

    Aplastic anemia (AA) is a rare blood dyscrasia in which the peripheral blood cells are decreased because of bone marrow failure. The clinical course reflects the severity of pancytopenia and is unpredictable for the individual. hemorrhage and infection remain the major threats to these patients. Recent advances in transfusion medicine, infection management, bone marrow transplantation, and immunosuppressive therapy have improved survival of patients with AA. oral manifestations of AA are common and may have serious sequelae. Two cases of acute periodontal infection associated with AA are presented. Dental management guidelines are presented in the context of interdisciplinary care.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.3333333333333
keywords = dental
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/87. Dynamics of dental implants and orthodontics in today's periodontal prosthesis.

    periodontal prosthesis refers to multidisciplinary efforts to stop disease progression, correct deformities created by dental diseases, and establish a therapeutic occlusion to restore the form and function of the masticatory system. These efforts are critical for the long-term prognosis and maintenance of the guarded teeth and the overall prosthesis. This article presents a functionally and esthetically challenging case, which illustrates a multidisciplinary approach--specifically implantology and orthodontics--and how they impact on each other during treatment. The role and importance of dental implants and orthodontics in setting up a case is illustrated in this article.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = dental
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/87. tongue piercing and associated oral and dental complications.

    The insertion of metal objects into intraoral and perioral sites is growing in popularity. However, there are numerous oral and dental complications associated with tongue piercing. Fifteen patients with tongue piercings (pierced in the body of the tongue, anterior to the lingual frenum) attending the dental office of the authors, with and without complaints, were clinically and radiographically examined. The most common dental problem registered was chipping of teeth. Furthermore, two cracked teeth and four teeth with cusp fractures were also seen. One case of selective dental abrasion was registered. Trauma to the lingual anterior gingiva was the most common gingival problem. A salivary flow stimulating effect was only reported by 2 of the 15 individuals. None of the patients complained of interference with speech, mastication and swallowing. One case of galvanic currents produced by the appliance was registered. On the basis of the registered data, we concluded that patients need to be better informed of the potential complications associated with tongue and oral piercings, and that the dental profession can serve this role.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3
keywords = dental
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/87. Malignant lymphoma of the maxillary sinus masquerading as an odontogenic infection: report of a case.

    The dental surgeon can play an important role in the early referral of malignancy of the maxillary sinus, and should be familiar with the signs and symptoms of disease of the paranasal sinuses. Here we report a case of a 71-year-old male patient diagnosed with high-grade B-cell lymphoma of the maxillary sinus that was initially thought to be an odontogenic infection. We discuss the signs and symptoms of lymphomas and malignancy of the maxillary sinus.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = dental
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Periodontal Diseases'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.