Cases reported "Periodontal Diseases"

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11/87. Ehlers-Danlos type VIII. review of the literature.

    Ehlers-Danlos type VIII is a rare disorder characterized by soft, hyperextensible skin, abnormal scarring, easy bruising, and generalized periodontitis with early loss of teeth. To illustrate the clinical dermatological and dental features, we present the case history of a 20-year-old patient who has suffered from poor healing of wounds at the shins and knees since childhood, which have developed into hyperpigmented atrophic scars. In the course of orthodontic treatment during the last 3 years, severe apical root resorption, gingival recession, and loss of alveolar bone were observed. family history was noncontributory for any skin or tooth disorders. The typical clinical signs confirmed the diagnosis of ehlers-danlos syndrome type VIII. As there is no specific treatment for the disorder, management is limited to the symptomatic treatment of the dental disease. It seems advisable to consider carefully the indications for orthodontic treatment in patients with Ehlers-Danlos type VIII syndrome.
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12/87. Surgical solutions to periodontal complications of orthodontic therapy.

    Collaboration of various specialists has become essential in pediatric dental practice. In orthodontics, this collaboration is completely necessary when the patient presents periodontal problems. Even in healthy patients, who do not suffer from periodontal disease, periodontal complications may occur during treatment with fixed appliances. Two cases of young patients, in which periodontal procedures were used to complement the results of orthodontic treatment are presented.
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keywords = dental
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13/87. Oral manifestation of sporotrichosis in AIDS patients.

    A wide spectrum of oral lesions has been associated with human immunodeficiency viral infection (hiv), or AIDS. This report describes the case of an hiv-infected patient who developed a case of disseminated sporotrichosis whose first clinical sign was the presence of orofacial lesions. A histopathological study of this patient's biopsy specimens taken from the oropharyngeal lesions revealed a number of rounded and/or oval free-spore forms of sporothrix schenkii, the identification of which was corroborated by culturing skin lesion exudate on Sabouraud's glucose agar. To the best of our knowledge to date, this is the first time a case of the oral manifestation of sporotrichosis in association with hiv infection has been described in the dental literature.
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keywords = dental
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14/87. Characteristics and dental treatment of partial trisomy 9.

    A description is made of the dental characteristics and treatment of a patient with partial trisomy 9. Due to the deep mental retardation and motor deficiency of the patient involved, treatment (extractions, caries restorations and periodontal treatment) is conducted in hospital and under general anesthesia. trisomy 9 has only rarely been described in literature, and the present study provides one of the first descriptions of both the dental characteristics of these patients and the treatment of their oral pathology.
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ranking = 3.1403022225671
keywords = dental, caries
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15/87. Clinical effect of etidronate on alveolar pyorrhoea associated with chronic marginal periodontitis: report of four cases.

    Etidronate 200 mg daily was administered to four female patients with periodontitis and resultant alveolar pyorrhoea for periods of 2 weeks, followed by off-periods of 10 weeks or more, for 2-3 years. The macroscopic appearance of gingival mobility of the teeth, depth of periodontal pockets, and X-ray findings of alveolar bones improved markedly during this time. The effects were first observed after 6-12 months of treatment. These findings indicate that bisphosphonates may be effective in the treatment of periodontitis and resultant alveolar pyorrhoea. The effect may be mediated by the inhibitory action on bone resorption and the anti-inflammatory action of etidronate. Concomitant conventional dental management is also required.
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keywords = dental
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16/87. Using platelet-rich plasma to accelerate soft tissue maturation in esthetic periodontal surgery.

    The transposition of connective tissue to increase the zone of keratinized tissue and/or for root coverage has become an integral part of the surgical dental practice. In an effort to reduce the incidence of postoperative complications occasionally observed with these procedures, the incorporation of platelet-rich plasma and its growth factors has been introduced into the surgical protocol. documentation of several cases requiring esthetic soft tissue grafting procedures and the use of regenerative barriers to obtain root coverage with the incorporation of platelet-rich plasma is presented.
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keywords = dental
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17/87. Enhanced periodontal response and esthetics of implant-supported bridge by the use of galvanoforming technique: case report.

    BACKGROUND: Galvanoforming restorations have been placed over the past 15 years successfully. They offer several advantages over alloy restorations, including enhanced response to the periodontal tissues, biocompatibility, and superior esthetics. PURPOSE: The purpose of this report is to show the use of the galvanoforming process in dental implant restorations to transfer the benefits of this technique. MATERIALS AND methods: Two standard Branemark fixtures were placed submerged in the lower mandible for the restoration of a three-unit bridge. The impression was taken at fixture level, and two cast individual telescope abutments were inserted. The galvanoforming restoration was seated conventionally without any screw retention. RESULTS: An implant-supported galvanoforming bridge is functioning successfully. The use of biocompatible materials does not compromise the stability of the restoration; instead, the effect on the periodontal tissues is excellent, resulting in less plaque accumulation and bleeding on probing. Microgaps were avoided by conventional seating on the individual telescope gold abutments, revealing superior occlusal esthetics. CONCLUSIONS: This case report demonstrates the practicability of the biocompatible galvanoforming procedure for implant-supported restorations enhancing periodontal response and esthetics.
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keywords = dental
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18/87. Apparent failure of endocarditis prophylaxis caused by penicillin-resistant streptococcus mitis.

    Antibiotic resistance among viridans streptococci has increased with streptococcus mitis being more resistant than other viridans species. In a case presented in this report, it is possible that antibiotic resistance contributed to an apparent failure of endocarditis prophylaxis. The patient had undergone periodontal surgery on 2 separate occasions and in both instances was administered 2 g of amoxicillin orally 1 hour before each procedure. He subsequently developed a subacute illness and had multiple blood cultures drawn that grew S. mitis with a minimum inhibitory concentration of 1.0 microg/mL for penicillin. Transesophageal echocardiogram provided further evidence of infective endocarditis with vegetations seen on the anterior leaflet of the mitral valve. Combination therapy with high-dose intravenous aqueous crystalline penicillin g and gentamicin sulfate for 4 weeks was curative. clindamycin, rather than amoxicillin, has since been used as dental prophylaxis for subsequent procedures.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = dental
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19/87. Guidelines for periodontal prostheses serve esthetic and functional demands: a case report.

    Periodontal-prosthesis guidelines have long been defined to specifically address dental reconstructions after moderate to advanced periodontal disease has occurred. More recently, specific dental techniques and materials have shown promise in addressing patients' increasing esthetic demands. However, treatment planning to achieve pleasing results for patients with advanced periodontitis requires a complex, multispecialty approach that is rarely discussed. A case report and literature review illustrate that the original periodontal-prosthesis guidelines not only remain useful today for obtaining esthetic results but also conform to recent understanding of maxillomandibular physiology.
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keywords = dental
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20/87. Immediate placement and implant loading for expedited patient care: a patient report.

    This patient report concerns etiologic factors leading to a failed natural dentition, masticatory function, and poor dental esthetics in a 30-year-old woman. The surgical and restorative treatment provided for the patient was designed to address her dental phobia, location of residence, and debilitated oral condition. While the following case report details an example of the clinical success that can be achieved through advances in dental implant treatment, the most satisfying event was not necessarily the procedure itself, but the profound change that the generosity of the osseointegration community has made on the life of a needy individual. Through the active leadership of the osseointegration Foundation Charitable Grant Program, the patient, whose complex treatment is described here, was able to take advantage of treatment that otherwise would not have been available to her. This complex treatment was enabled by the osseointegration Foundation and other caring donors.
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ranking = 1.5
keywords = dental
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