Cases reported "Periodontitis"

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1/91. bone regeneration following damage by polysulphide impression material. A case report.

    Two days after polysulphide rubber impressions had been taken of gold inlay cavities in 6 and 7, a 22-year-old female dental student developed a painful swelling between 5 and 6. A radiograph revealed the presence of an irregular radiopaque body within the cancellous bone of the interdental septum between 5 and 6. At operation, 1 month later, the interdental septum was seen to have been destroyed and its position occupied by impression material and inflammatory tissue. When the lesion was reopened 2 years later to correct slight recurrent pocketing, significant regeneration of bone was found to have occurred.
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2/91. Implant site development using orthodontic extrusion: a case report.

    One of the most important factors in the successful placement of endosseous implants is the presence of adequate alveolar bone at the recipient site. alveolar bone loss associated with destructive periodontal disease frequently results in osseous defects that may complicate subsequent implant placement. Typically, such defects are treated prior to or at the time of implant surgery using the principles of guided bone regeneration. Under certain circumstances, however, such defects may be managed non-surgically by orthodontic extrusion. orthodontic extrusion can be used to increase the vertical bone height and volume and to establish a more favourable soft-tissue profile prior to implant placement. The addition, the increase in the vertical osseous dimension at interproximal sites may assist in the preservation of the interdental papillae and can further enhance gingival aesthetics. This report illustrates the treatment sequence for site development with orthodontic extrusion prior to immediate implant placement.
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3/91. Acute porphyric disorders.

    Acute porphyrias are classified into 3 distinct groups of rare genetic disorders of metabolic enzyme biosynthesis. Acute porphyrias can significantly impact multiple organ systems, which often provides a challenge to the dentist presented with such a patient. A case of hereditary coproporphyria is reported in a patient with many of the classical signs and symptoms. The patient also had complex dental needs that required special medical and pharmacotherapeutic modifications. The acute porphyrias are reviewed by the authors with presentation of this challenging case. Recommendations for other dental health care professionals encountering these patients are then presented.
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4/91. Radiographic osseous regeneration after initial therapy with systemic doxycycline.

    Early-onset periodontal diseases are often diagnosed in the military as a result of the requirements for annual dental examinations and the youthful population served. A young soldier diagnosed with rapidly progressive periodontitis completed initial therapy of root planing with the systemic antibiotic doxycycline but was poorly compliant with additional treatment. During a subsequent mandatory dental examination, new radiographs demonstrated a significant improvement in the quantity and quality of alveolar bone, illustrating the regeneration potential of the young patient with early-onset periodontal disease.
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5/91. Aplastic anemia: current concepts and dental management.

    Aplastic anemia (AA) is a rare blood dyscrasia in which the peripheral blood cells are decreased because of bone marrow failure. The clinical course reflects the severity of pancytopenia and is unpredictable for the individual. hemorrhage and infection remain the major threats to these patients. Recent advances in transfusion medicine, infection management, bone marrow transplantation, and immunosuppressive therapy have improved survival of patients with AA. oral manifestations of AA are common and may have serious sequelae. Two cases of acute periodontal infection associated with AA are presented. Dental management guidelines are presented in the context of interdisciplinary care.
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6/91. Ridge preservation of dentition with severe periodontitis.

    Severe loss of alveolar bone height and width can occur following the removal of teeth with advanced periodontitis. This compromise of the alveolar bone can limit the options available for achieving an acceptable dental restoration. Two case reports are presented of alveolar ridge augmentation after tooth removal and before implant placement using bone grafting and a biodegradable membrane. The resultant alveolar ridges in both patients were adequate for the placement of dental implants.
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7/91. Dynamics of dental implants and orthodontics in today's periodontal prosthesis.

    periodontal prosthesis refers to multidisciplinary efforts to stop disease progression, correct deformities created by dental diseases, and establish a therapeutic occlusion to restore the form and function of the masticatory system. These efforts are critical for the long-term prognosis and maintenance of the guarded teeth and the overall prosthesis. This article presents a functionally and esthetically challenging case, which illustrates a multidisciplinary approach--specifically implantology and orthodontics--and how they impact on each other during treatment. The role and importance of dental implants and orthodontics in setting up a case is illustrated in this article.
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8/91. Ehlers-Danlos type VIII. review of the literature.

    Ehlers-Danlos type VIII is a rare disorder characterized by soft, hyperextensible skin, abnormal scarring, easy bruising, and generalized periodontitis with early loss of teeth. To illustrate the clinical dermatological and dental features, we present the case history of a 20-year-old patient who has suffered from poor healing of wounds at the shins and knees since childhood, which have developed into hyperpigmented atrophic scars. In the course of orthodontic treatment during the last 3 years, severe apical root resorption, gingival recession, and loss of alveolar bone were observed. family history was noncontributory for any skin or tooth disorders. The typical clinical signs confirmed the diagnosis of ehlers-danlos syndrome type VIII. As there is no specific treatment for the disorder, management is limited to the symptomatic treatment of the dental disease. It seems advisable to consider carefully the indications for orthodontic treatment in patients with Ehlers-Danlos type VIII syndrome.
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9/91. Treatment of aggressive periodontitis by osseointegrated dental implants. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Generalized aggressive periodontitis is described as a clinical entity affecting both deciduous and permanent dentition with extensive alveolar bone loss, mobility, and exfoliation of all or many teeth. Controversy exists on dental implant use to restore missing dentition in younger patients. methods: This case report presents a patient diagnosed with aggressive periodontitis who has lost all but 4 of her teeth. Her personal and functional desires led us to include implant therapy in her treatment plan. The hematological data are presented with an analysis of the immunological profile. RESULTS: dental implants were placed, and following 3 months of osseointegration, an implant-supported prosthesis was completed. The patient was followed up for 36 months. CONCLUSIONS: This case report presents an alternative treatment for rehabilitating dentition in a young patient treated for aggressive periodontitis. Similar case studies may help eliminate some of the controversy that exists regarding the use of dental implants in aggressive periodontitis patients.
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10/91. Clinical effect of etidronate on alveolar pyorrhoea associated with chronic marginal periodontitis: report of four cases.

    Etidronate 200 mg daily was administered to four female patients with periodontitis and resultant alveolar pyorrhoea for periods of 2 weeks, followed by off-periods of 10 weeks or more, for 2-3 years. The macroscopic appearance of gingival mobility of the teeth, depth of periodontal pockets, and X-ray findings of alveolar bones improved markedly during this time. The effects were first observed after 6-12 months of treatment. These findings indicate that bisphosphonates may be effective in the treatment of periodontitis and resultant alveolar pyorrhoea. The effect may be mediated by the inhibitory action on bone resorption and the anti-inflammatory action of etidronate. Concomitant conventional dental management is also required.
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