Cases reported "Peritoneal Neoplasms"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

11/182. adult respiratory distress syndrome after extensive cytoreductive surgery. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is characterized by progressive hypoxemia, diffuse bilateral pulmonary infiltrates and normal left ventricular function. CASE: A 58-year-old woman developed ARDS following extensive cytoreductive surgery for a widely disseminated intraperitoneal leiomyosarcoma. The patient had a favorable outcome after 10 days of ventilatory support, sedation, analgesia, parenteral and enteral nutrition, and fluid restriction. The ARDS might have been caused by multiple transfusions or the massive cytoreductive surgery and was probably mediated by cytokines and tumor necrosis factors. CONCLUSION: Gynecologic oncologists should be alert to postoperative ARDS in patients undergoing massive cytoreduction with excessive blood loss and multiple transfusions.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

12/182. A huge 6.2 kilogram uterine myoma coinciding with omental leiomyosarcoma: case report.

    Surgery for massive abdominal tumors is both interesting and challenging. We present a case involving a multiple uterine myoma weighing 6.2 Kg which coincided with omental leiomyosarcoma. To our knowledge, this is the first report of this type of condition in the English literature. A 44-year-old nulliparous woman had suffered from abdominal pain for a long time. A huge abdominal mass was palpated on physical examination. Computed tomography scanning revealed a huge pelvic-abdominal mass with the possibility of small bowel loops invaded by the mass. A 6-cm omental mass was incidentally found during the subsequent hysterectomy procedure. Perforation of the urinary bladder occurred during the dissection of adhesion. Resection of the omental mass, wide wedge resection of the invaded small bowel, primary repair of the bladder, and hysterectomy were performed. The final pathologic diagnosis was uterine leiomyomata with omental leiomyosarcoma. The patient returned home on postoperative day 14 and was well at the 18-month follow-up examination. The challenge of these tumors lies in their proper diagnosis and surgical management. More case reports and follow-up studies are needed to confirm the efficacy of their management.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

13/182. recurrence of giant adrenocortical carcinoma in the contralateral adrenal gland 6 years after surgery: report of a case.

    We report herein the case of a patient in whom a giant adrenocortical carcinoma was found to have recurred in the contralateral adrenal gland and intrapelvic cavity 6 years after his initial operation. A 52-year-old man had consulted our hospital complaining of right upper abdominal pain and weight loss, and was subsequently diagnosed as having a giant adrenal tumor by computed tomography scans and echography. A laparotomy was performed and the tumor, located in the right retroperitoneal cavity and infiltrating the liver and right kidney, was surgically removed. The lesion, 29 x 19 x 10 cm in size and 4700 g in weight, was histopathologically diagnosed as an adrenocortical carcinoma. Adjuvant chemotherapy with mitotane was given for 3 months and his postoperative course was uneventful until a recurrence in the contralateral adrenal gland and peritoneal cavity was found 6 years later. The second resection was successful, and he is currently alive with no further sign of recurrence 8 years after his first operation. We report this unusual case as it provides much useful information on the biological features of adrenocortical carcinomas and the state of tumor dormancy.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

14/182. Complete disappearance of recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma with peritoneal dissemination and splenic metastasis: a unique clinical course after surgery.

    Spontaneous regression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a rare phenomenon. We report a case of complete disappearance of intrahepatic, peritoneal and splenic metastases in HCC after hepatectomy using treatment with tegafur and uracil (UFT). The effect of UFT alone was not likely to have caused the disappearance of this tumour because HCC recurrence advance markedly within 5 months of surgery despite oral administration of UFT. This case demonstrates a unique postoperative clinical course that suggests spontaneous regression of HCC. This is the first case of complete disappearance of unresectable HCC with peritoneal seeding and splenic metastasis.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

15/182. Management of uterine Mullerian adenosarcoma with extrauterine metastatic deposits.

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to provide the management and outcome of three patients who presented with uterine Mullerian adenosarcoma associated with extrauterine metastases. methods: A retrospective study of three patients who were referred to our hospital was performed. One patient was referred because of vaginal metastatic deposits that were noted during investigations for primary infertility. The other two were referred because of abnormal vaginal bleeding; one of these had a large polyp protruding through her cervix into the vagina. RESULTS: In two patients the preoperative diagnosis and extent of their disease were known while in the third patient the diagnosis was only made postoperatively. All patients had a type II radical abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and omentectomy. Two patients were given three cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and pelvic irradiation over 12 weeks. Both of these patients had their diagnosis made preoperatively and the chemotherapy consisted of 240 mg/m(2) carboplatin and 80 mg/m(2) farmorubicin per cycle. The pelvic irradiation consisted of daily fractions of 1.8-Gy irradiation to a total of 45 Gy over the first 6 weeks. The other patient was given the same regime postoperatively. All patients are still alive and free of disease between 34 and 56 months. CONCLUSION: Radical surgery, chemotherapy, and irradiation provide a management option with seemingly favorable outcome for patients with uterine Mullerian adenosarcoma associated with extrauterine metastases.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 4
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

16/182. Extrauterine Mullerian adenosarcoma of the peritoneum with an extensive rhabdomyosarcomatous element and a marked myxoid change.

    A case of extrauterine Mullerian adenosarcoma of the peritoneum in a 20-year-old woman is reported. The tumor was widely based on the abdominopelvic wall and there were no unusual features in the genital organs. The cut surface of the tumor showed a marked gelatinous appearance. The tumor was composed of an admixture of benign Mullerian-type epithelium and sarcomatous stroma. The predominant element of the sarcomatous area was rhabdomyosarcoma, which showed a close resemblance to well-differentiated embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma. In another sarcomatous area, fibroblastic cells without myoblastic properties diffusely proliferated in a marked myxoid background with some collagen bundles. Both the mitotic count and Ki-67 proliferative index of these cells were lower than those of rhabdomyoblastic cells. On follow up, the patient was disease free for 1 year postoperatively, without any subsequent treatment. The present case indicates that extrauterine adenosarcoma can also show histological heterogeneity as do uterine adenosarcomas. The remarkable myxoid change of this tumor seemed to be more largely due to a fibromyxoid element than a rhabdomyosarcomatous element, and the coexistence of the former may be related to the less aggressive behavior of this tumor.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

17/182. Long-term tamoxifen treatment: a possible aetiological factor in the development of uterine carcinosarcoma: two case-reports and review of the literature.

    Two cases of uterine carcinosarcoma developing after long-term tamoxifen (TAM) treatment are presented. The patients, 67 and 72 years old, were treated with TAM for 6 and 7 years, continuously. They both developed an heterologous malignant mixed Mullerian tumor (mmMt). At laparotomy, an advanced stage of disease was found with peritoneal spread. In spite of the surgical and the postoperative treatment, they both died of disease, 3 and 10 months later. There are only 10, well documented, similar cases reported. Another 7 were identified in series of uterine malignancies developing after TAM treatment. Considerable evidence suggests that mmMt represents an epithelial cancer with sarcomatous dedifferentiation. Prolonged (> 5 years) TAM treatment may represent a causative factor in the development of this highly lethal disease (80% of the reported patients had a dismal prognosis). Large uterine polyps with special histological features, may represent an intermediate step in the tumor formation. Close follow-up of the patients is warranted.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

18/182. Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma treated by continuous hyperthermic peritoneal perfusion chemotherapy.

    Malignant mesothelioma of the peritoneum is a rare tumour for which the therapeutic approach has not yet been standardized. The efficacy of the current regimes is limited. Effective locoregional therapy is crucial, since this tumour is most often confined to the peritoneal cavity at the time of the initial diagnosis and remains there for much of its clinical course. If and when haematogenous metastases occur, they rarely contribute to the death of the patient, which is often caused by the overgrowth of the primary tumour and its local complications. A case of diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma treated by cytoreductive surgery and continuous hyperthermic peritoneal perfusion with cisplatin is reported. The patient received systemic combination chemotherapy postoperatively. She is in good condition and free of disease 28 months after her treatment. Continuous hyperthermic peritoneal perfusion chemotherapy has recently been used in patients with secondary peritoneal carcinomatosis from digestive and gynecological malignancies with promising results. It is also possible that the same treatment alone or in combination with systemic chemotherapy may be effective in the treatment of primary peritoneal malignancies, as in the case of diffuse peritoneal mesothelioma.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

19/182. Disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis. A benign entity mimicking carcinomatosis.

    Disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis (DPL) is a rare entity, occurring primarily in premenopausal women. The lesion is characterized by numerous subperitoneal nodules of benign smooth muscle proliferations which usually mimics the macroscopic appearance of the peritoneal carcinomatosis. We report a case of DPL and multiple uterine leiomyomas, occurring in a 50 year old premenopausal woman who was on oral contraceptives for the last three years. In order to diagnose this entity clinicians and pathologists have to be alert and collaborative during the intraoperative frozen section consultation.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

20/182. Early localized peritoneal mesothelioma as an incidental finding at laparoscopy. Report of a case and implications regarding natural history of the disease.

    BACKGROUND: Peritoneal mesothelioma is regarded as a fatal disease that presents with progressive ascites in a relatively late stage of its natural history. To the authors' knowledge, prior published articles have not described the early manifestations of this cancer. methods: A 30-year-old asymptomatic woman underwent laparoscopy for an infertility workup. Nodules noted in the pelvis were biopsied and determined to be mesothelioma. Standard immunohistochemical studies were performed. Cytoreductive surgery and heated intraoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy were used for treatment. RESULTS: Multiple (approximately 30) tumor nodules up to 2 mm in dimension and limited to the pelvis were observed and resected. No primary tumor focus was evident. These tumor nodules stained positive for Calretinin and negative for carcinoembryonic antigen immunohistochemically. CONCLUSIONS: In this patient, no incidence for transcoelomic dissemination of mesothelioma from a single primary site was observed. Rather, this patient's clinical presentation suggested that mesothelioma may be multifocal in origin within a limited region of the peritoneal cavity. This hypothesis may support a rationale for aggressive local-regional management of selected patients in whom peritoneal mesothelioma is of limited distribution and mass.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)
<- Previous || Next ->


Leave a message about 'Peritoneal Neoplasms'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.