Cases reported "peritonitis, tuberculous"

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1/143. Tuberculous peritonitis in Ethiopian patients.

    The clinical features of tuberculous peritonitis in 48 Ethiopian patients are discussed. Thirty per cent of patients were afebrile, three fourths had ascites, and fifteen per cent had palpable abdominal masses, and therefore several had been wrongly diagnosed initially as cirrhosis of the liver or malignancy. Peritoneal biopsy, usually possible with local anaesthesia only, appears to be the most reliable method of proving the diagnosis of tuberculous peritonitis. ( info)

2/143. Tuberculous peritonitis: fatality associated with delayed diagnosis.

    We describe a fatal case of tuberculous peritonitis and review the literature on the diagnostic modalities available to diagnose this entity. We suspect a delayed diagnosis resulted in the death of our patient. Today, the prompt diagnosis of an unknown ascitic process involves laparoscopy. A patient with unknown large volume ascites is the easiest and safest to laparoscope. Using a mini laparoscope, a bedside procedure with instantaneous return can be done. The newer noninvasive tests like determination of ascites fluid adenosine deaminase activity and polymerase chain reaction may be helpful in the prompt diagnosis of peritoneal tuberculosis. We recommend that patients with clinical presentation suggestive of peritoneal tuberculosis have either an aggressive diagnostic workup using high-yield tests or a trial of antituberculous therapy. ( info)

3/143. Tuberculous peritonitis in a geriatric patient: a case report.

    In geriatric patients with exudative ascites, malignant ascites is a common etiology. Tuberculous peritonitis is rarely seen and usually overlooked. We describe a 67-year-old man who suffered from exudative ascites for 1 month before admission. None of the noninvasive diagnostic methods utilized enabled us to make a correct diagnosis. Peritoneoscopic examination demonstrated multiple whitish miliary nodules and some larger nodules in the parietal and visceral peritoneum. Excisional biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of tuberculous peritonitis. This case reminds us that although malignant ascites is more prevalent in geriatric patients with exudative ascites, peritoneoscopy is indicated when noninvasive diagnostic methods allow no definite diagnosis. ( info)

4/143. Disseminated tuberculosis: still a diagnostic challenge.

    Disseminated tuberculosis is notoriously difficult to diagnose and, with the decrease in tuberculosis incidence in australia, familiarity with its manifestations has dwindled. We describe four bacteriologically proven cases which illustrate the range of presentations and diagnostic difficulties. Surprisingly, immunosuppressive therapy need not cause rapid deterioration. Disseminated tuberculosis should be considered in any patient with multisystem illness who is at risk of tuberculosis, particularly if born overseas. In the absence of confirmatory results, a prompt therapeutic trial may be life-saving. ( info)

5/143. tuberculosis peritonitis: gallium-67 scintigraphic appearance.

    tuberculosis peritonitis is a rare manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. The results of gallium-67 scintigraphy of three patients with tuberculosis peritonitis were reviewed to assess its usefulness in the diagnosis of this condition. tuberculosis peritonitis was associated with diffuse or focal abdominal localization and decreased hepatic accumulation of gallium-67. These gallium-67 scan features of tuberculosis peritonitis may help to optimize the diagnosis and management of this disease. ( info)

6/143. Peritoneal tuberculosis: diagnostic options.

    BACKGROUND: Extrapulmonary tuberculosis has vague symptoms and few signs. It is essential to recognize and diagnose this curable disease prior to performing definitive surgery. Newer tests such as dna or rna amplification allow for early diagnosis but have limitations. CASE: We report a case of peritoneal tuberculosis in an immigrant woman. She had vague symptoms of low-grade fever, mild abdominal pain, obstipation, and bloating. Diagnostic laparoscopy was performed to establish the diagnosis. tuberculosis was confirmed by dna extraction from the frozen section specimen with subsequent analysis using polymerase chain reaction. CONCLUSION: Peritoneal tuberculosis is a disease that often simulates malignancies. With the increasing prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus in developed countries, tuberculosis is also on the rise and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a patient with an abdominal/pelvic mass and ascites. ( info)

7/143. CA-125 tumor-associated antigen in a patient with tuberculous peritonitis.

    A 64-year-old woman with a history of chronic hepatitis b had abdominal pain and ascites, a serum albumin ascitic gradient (SAAG) of 0.8, and an elevated serum CA-125 value. Exploratory laparotomy revealed ascites and obliteration of the abdominal cavity by advanced adhesive disease consistent with carcinomatosis. Surgical biopsy revealed noncaseating granulomas. She responded well to antituberculous therapy and is presently asymptomatic. ( info)

8/143. Diagnosis of tuberculous peritonitis.

    The diagnosis of tuberculous peritonitis may be difficult and elusive. The patient may present with non-specific symptoms of fever, general ill-health or vague abdominal pains. There may be no pulmonary symptoms and the chest X-ray may be normal. The CT scan of the abdomen is sometimes helpful in suggesting the diagnosis. We have found that laparoscopic examination of the abdominal contents and the peritoneum is an effective way to obtain a conclusive diagnosis. ( info)

9/143. Paradoxical response to anti-tuberculous drugs: resolution with corticosteroid therapy.

    During the course of appropriate treatment, patients with tuberculosis occasionally have unusual paradoxical reactions, with transient worsening of lesions or the development of new lesions. A 23-y-old housewife presented with abdominal tuberculosis. She was treated with anti-tuberculous agents to which the micro-organisms were susceptible. During therapy, there was an expansion of her abdominal lesions and her symptoms worsened. However, with the addition of steroids and the continuation of the same anti-tuberculous agents the patient eventually recovered completely. We emphasize that the worsening of tuberculous lesions may occur during chemotherapy and does not necessarily indicate treatment failure. This phenomenon may be immunologically based. ( info)

10/143. Nosocomial transmission of tuberculosis (TB) associated with care of an infant with peritoneal TB.

    Nosocomial transmission of tuberculosis (TB) after exposure to infected peritoneal fluid has not been described. We report the exposure of 111 healthcare workers to infected dialysate from an infant with TB peritonitis. Two (5%) of 39 primary-care nurses, but no doctors or environmental service workers, had apparent tuberculin skin test conversions, raising the concern that patients with peritoneal TB may be a source for nosocomial transmission of TB. ( info)
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