Cases reported "Pharyngeal Diseases"

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1/3. colon interposition in a patient with total postcricoid stenosis after caustic ingestion and preservation of full laryngeal function.

    Caustic burns of the upper aerodigestive tract continue to be a significant clinical problem. However, the available literature uncommonly mentions changes affecting the larynx. We could find only one publication in which four cases of high hypopharyngeal stenosis were described in detail and where the functional outcome of the laryngeal function was stated as partially saved. We describe here a case of total retrocricoid stenosis in a 28-year-old woman that was caused by lye ingestion. A life-saving gastroesophagectomy was performed by the Department of general surgery. Reconstruction of the esophagus was carried out with mobilized right colon, which was meticulously sutured circumferentially behind the arytenoids and on the prevertebral fascia. The anatomy of the larynx and its nerve supply were scrupulously maintained intact. We believe that our patient's rehabilitation was due mainly to an intensive 18-month program of care, following which all laryngeal functions recovered with normal voice and swallowing patterns.
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keywords = voice
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2/3. Laryngopharyngeal dysfunction from the implant vagal nerve stimulator.

    OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The objective of the study was to examine the side-effect profile of the vagal nerve stimulator. Vagal nerve stimulators have been used to treat intractable seizures in all age groups. They provide relief to the patient with a seizure disorder by decreasing the overall number and severity of seizure activities. Although significant complications are rare, many patients have some complaint, usually of their voice. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective evaluation of four patients with intractable epilepsy. methods: Evaluation of charts and medical records and endoscopic examination of the larynx. RESULTS: In this small series, all four patients had implantation-related paresis. Three of the four appear to have side effects from device activation. CONCLUSIONS: patients in whom a vagal nerve stimulator is placed can have adverse side effects. These can be related to the surgical manipulation of the vagus nerve, resulting in a temporary paresis of the vocal folds. A second set of side effects is related to the actual electrical stimulation of the device, and these side effects can directly affect the laryngeal musculature.
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keywords = voice
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3/3. An acute pharyngeal-cervical-brachial (PCB) variant of guillain-barre syndrome presenting with isolated bulbar palsy.

    Acute guillain-barre syndrome (GBS) is characterized by an acute onset of limb weakness and areflexia. There are a few rare variants that have been described and one of them is the pharyngeal-cervical-brachial (PCB) variant (oropharynx, neck, and proximal upper limb muscles). However, in this patient, the only presentation was bulbar involvement with fast recovery within days. This is likely to be the milder form of PCB that has rarely been described before. A 19-year-old Malay lady presented with progressive dysphagia associated with nasal voice for one week duration. There was no limb weakness. Examination showed generalized areflexia. Pharyngeal and palatal muscles were markedly weak. cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination showed raised protein level. Nerve conduction studies revealed generalized demyelinating motor polyneuropathy consistent with GBS. The patient fully recovered within three days and was discharged well.
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keywords = voice
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