Cases reported "Pharyngitis"

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1/41. Lemierre's syndrome.

    Postanginal sepsis, or Lemierre's syndrome, is rare but with life-threatening potential involving mainly infants and adolescents. The morbidity or mortality is caused mainly by lack of knowledge of the syndrome. The 18-year-old boy described here developed a jugular thrombosis 7 days after an angina. fusobacterium necrophorum was isolated from the culture of the excised jugular vein. Secondary embolism involved the lungs, associated with an iliac osteomyelitis and sacroiliitis. Computed tomography was used for diagnosis and follow-up.
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ranking = 1
keywords = thrombosis, vein
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2/41. Endovascular occlusion of a carotid pseudoaneurysm complicating deep neck space infection in a child. Case report.

    Pseudoaneurysm formation of the cervical internal carotid artery (ICA) is a rare, potentially lethal complication of deep neck space infection. This entity typically occurs following otolaryngological or upper respiratory tract infection. The pseudoaneurysm is heralded by a pulsatile neck mass, Homer's syndrome, lower cranial neuropathies, and/or hemorrhage that may be massive. The recommended treatment includes prompt arterial ligation. The authors present a case of pseudoaneurysm of the cervical ICA complicating a deep neck space infection. A parapharyngeal staphylococcus aureus abscess developed in a previously healthy 6-year-old girl after she experienced pharyngitis. The abscess was drained via an intraoral approach. On postoperative Day 3, the patient developed a pulsatile neck mass, lethargy, ipsilateral Horner's syndrome, and hemoptysis, which resulted in hemorrhagic shock. Treatment included emergency endovascular occlusion of the cervical ICA and postembolization antibiotic treatment for 6 weeks. The patient has made an uneventful recovery as of her 18-month follow-up evaluation. Conclusions drawn.from this experience and a review of the literature include the following: 1) mycotic pseudoaneurysms of the carotid arteries have a typical clinical presentation that should enable timely recognition; 2) these lesions occur more commonly in children than in adults; 3) angiography with a view to performing endovascular occlusion should be undertaken promptly; and 4) endovascular occlusion of the pseudoaneurysm is a viable treatment option.
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ranking = 0.007084061220868
keywords = deep
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3/41. lemierre syndrome: forgotten but not extinct--report of four cases.

    Four cases of lemierre syndrome are reported in which metastatic abscesses resulted from septic thrombosis of the internal jugular vein secondary to bacterial pharyngitis. While chest radiographic findings were nonspecific, results of computed tomography (CT) of the thorax in each case were highly suggestive of septic pulmonary emboli. Internal jugular venous thrombosis was demonstrated at ultrasonography and contrast material-enhanced CT.
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ranking = 2.0268331368425
keywords = thrombosis, venous thrombosis, vein
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4/41. Internal jugular vein thrombosis, Lemierre's syndrome; oropharyngeal infection with antibiotic and anticoagulation therapy--a case report.

    The authors present a case of Lemierre's syndrome that is an uncommon septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein. A 31-year-old man developed pharyngeal pain one month before hospital admission when he suffered from a severe headache and painful swelling of the left side of his neck. He was diagnosed with tonsillitis. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the neck revealed the presence of an occlusive thrombosis of the left internal jugular vein and an inflamed mesopharynx. His symptoms and the jugular vein thrombus showed remarkable improvement after administration of antibiotic and anticoagulation therapy. No pulmonary embolism or other metastatic infection were observed. It was suggested that accurate diagnosis during early treatment is essential to obtain a successful prognosis for Lemierre's syndrome.
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ranking = 5.8581531462075
keywords = thrombosis, vein thrombosis, vein
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5/41. Anaerobic septicaemia by fusobacterium necrophorum: Lemierre's syndrome.

    Lemierre's syndrome is characterized by acute pharyngotonsillitis with secondary thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein which is complicated by multiple metastatic foci of infections. This syndrome is caused by fusobacterium necrophorum in healthy young persons and is extremely rare in occurrence. A pre-school child with Lemierre's syndrome is reported. The diagnostic and therapeutic aspects are emphasized in order to sensitize physicians to this uncommon condition.
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ranking = 0.063928581370636
keywords = vein
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6/41. lemierre syndrome: magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomographic appearance.

    lemierre syndrome consists of septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein secondary to oropharyngeal infection, usually with fusobacterium necrophorum. Septic metastatic emboli and distant infection are characteristic. We describe the imaging appearance of lemierre syndrome in an adolescent female by both magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography. This case illustrates the rapid onset and characteristic progression of the rare syndrome of Lemierre. In addition, we used magnetic resonance imaging to effectively distinguish between inflammatory venous thrombosis and abscess, thus avoiding surgery in our patient. Early directed antibiotic therapy is mandatory to ensure good outcome.
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ranking = 1.0907617182131
keywords = thrombosis, venous thrombosis, vein
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7/41. Early antibiotic treatment may prevent complete development of Lemierre's syndrome: experience from 2 cases.

    Lemierre's syndrome is a rare fulminant condition caused by an acute oropharyngeal infection, with secondary septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein complicated by multiple metastatic infections. Herein we report 2 patients with internal jugular vein thrombosis secondary to oropharyngeal infection, whose clinical course was indolent, and who were asymptomatic shortly after antibiotic therapy was begun. Careful examination of the neck in patients presenting with sore throat could help identify the typical 'cord sign'. In such cases, intravenous antibiotic treatment should be started as soon as possible to prevent development of metastatic infections and septicaemia characterizing Lemierre's syndrome.
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ranking = 1.2465025772372
keywords = thrombosis, vein thrombosis, vein
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8/41. Lemierre's syndrome presenting as multiple lung abscesses.

    Lemierre's syndrome is thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein (IJV), complicating an oropharingeal infection. The causative organism is Fusobacterium, an anaerobic bacillus, and the syndrome typically occurs in previously healthy teenagers and young adults. Thromboembolic metastases are a common sequela, and the lungs are most frequently affected. We present a case of a 25-year-old woman, who presented with multiple lung abscesses, in whom IJV thrombophlebitis was subsequently noted.
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ranking = 0.063928581370636
keywords = vein
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9/41. Lemierre's syndrome complicated by carotid thrombosis.

    Lemierre's syndrome, also known as postanginal sepsis, is a rare condition that presents as an increasing sore throat due to acute pharyngitis or tonsillitis and progresses to sepsis, due to suppurative thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein. We present an atypical case of Lemierre's syndrome complicated by carotid thrombosis. The etiological factors and the diagnostic and therapeutic measures are discussed.
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ranking = 4.7442856745175
keywords = thrombosis, vein
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10/41. Bilateral Lemierre's syndrome: a case report and literature review.

    Lemierre's syndrome is characterized by thrombosis of the internal jugular vein that develops following an oropharyngeal infection. sepsis and septic metastases frequently ensue and affect the lungs, the musculoskeletal system, and occasionally the liver. Most cases are caused by infection with fusobacterium necrophorum. This infection responds to antibiotic therapy with beta-lactamase-resistant compounds that exert good anaerobic coverage. Anticoagulation and surgical intervention can be helpful in advanced cases. Fewer than 160 cases of classic Lemierre's syndrome have been described; approximately one-third of these reported cases have occurred since 1988. We describe a new case of Lemierre's syndrome that occurred in an otherwise healthy 27-year-old man. Thrombosis of both internal jugular veins extended through the subclavian system and into both upper extremities. The patient was treated with intravenous antibiotics and heparin during 14 days of hospitalization. He was discharged on oral clindamycin and warfarin sodium, and after 6 months he was able to return to full activity. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of Lemierre's syndrome in which internal jugular vein thrombosis occurred bilaterally. By reporting this previously undescribed manifestation of Lemierre's syndrome, we hope to increase practitioner awareness of this disease entity.
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ranking = 2.2465025772372
keywords = thrombosis, vein thrombosis, vein
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