Cases reported "Phlebitis"

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1/11. Retinal periphlebitis and retinal pigment epithelium changes associated with multiple sclerosis: a report of two cases.

    Two patients with definite MS and no significant visual loss are presented, because of the marked bilateral sheathing of retinal veins, and diffuse pigmentary changes in the first patient, and the previously unreported paravenous pigmentation with bone corpuscular configuration in the second patient. The lesions in the second patient are similar to paravenous retinitis pigmentosa. We assume that the RPE lesions may be secondary to perivasculitis, which is not uncommonly seen in MS patients.
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ranking = 1
keywords = multiple sclerosis, sclerosis
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2/11. Occlusive phlebitis, a diagnostic feature in Riedel's thyroiditis.

    Five cases of Riedel's invasive fibrous thyroiditis are presented. Clinically and histopathologically all cases fulfilled the criteria for this lesion. In both small and large veins there were inflammatory changes and obliteration of the lumen, followed by sclerosis. These changes were found in each operative specimen, and seemed to be a diagnostic feature of invasive fibrous thyroiditis. We consider this change to be an occlusive phlebitis, and have noted that it occurs in association with multifocal fibrosclerosis. Three stages can be recognised: infiltrative, occlusive and sclerotic. In other thyroid lesions such as Hashimoto's thyroiditis, granulomatous thyroiditis of the Quervain type and adenomatous goitre these peculiar changes in the veins were not found.
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ranking = 0.01542773661738
keywords = sclerosis
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3/11. panuveitis associated with multiple sclerosis complicated by cerebral venous thrombosis.

    PURPOSE: To report cerebral venous thrombosis as a complication of intravenous corticosteroid treatment in a patient with multiple sclerosis. METHOD: A case report. A 44-year-old woman with a previous diagnosis of multiple sclerosis presented with panuveitis and retinal perivasculitis. Intravenous pulse corticosteroid therapy was given for three days. RESULTS: The panuveitis and retinal periphlebitis began to resolve within one week; however, ten days after the last corticosteroid dose, the patient was hospitalized with the diagnosis of cerebral venous thrombosis. CONCLUSION: Although intravenous corticosteroid treatment for uveitis associated with multiple sclerosis can be very helpful, the patient should be monitored closely for systemic side effects.
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ranking = 1.75
keywords = multiple sclerosis, sclerosis
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4/11. Severe periphlebitis, peripheral retinal ischemia, and preretinal neovascularization in patients with multiple sclerosis.

    Two patients with definite multiple sclerosis and marked retinal periphlebitis developed occlusive peripheral retinal vasculitis, which resulted in peripheral retinal ischemia and peripheral retinal neovascularization. Results of investigation for other causes of peripheral proliferative retinopathies were negative in both patients although one patient had a positive anticardiolipin antibody. Both patients have been followed up for over seven years and have maintained good visual acuity with mild regression of the preretinal neovascularization without laser intervention. An analysis of these two cases and six other reported cases indicates that severe periphlebitis can evolve into occlusive peripheral vasculitis, which results in peripheral retinal neovascularization in patients with multiple sclerosis.
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ranking = 1.5
keywords = multiple sclerosis, sclerosis
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5/11. recurrence of periphlebitis retinae in multiple sclerosis.

    Periphlebitis retinae (PR) in multiple sclerosis (MS) is defined as ophthalmoscopically visible cuffs around veins in the otherwise normal retina. PR in MS has been suggested to be of a recurring nature, but to the authors knowledge this is the first study in which PR in MS has been seen to recur. A recurrence of PR in MS reflects the neurological progress. The material is unique because of the span of years these patients have been followed. In the 4 patients here presented the interval between the two episodes of PR was 16, 13, 5 and 0.5 years, respectively.
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ranking = 1.25
keywords = multiple sclerosis, sclerosis
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6/11. Periphlebitis retinae in multiple sclerosis. A histopathological study of two cases.

    The reported findings of periphlebitis retinae (PR) at autopsy, in which brain autopsy was also performed, in 2 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) are, so far as the authors are aware, the first histological account of this manifestation of the disease. The similarity between the cellular accumulations around the veins of the central nervous system seen in multiple sclerosis and the periphlebitic cellular accumulations here described suggests that periphlebitis is an initial event in plaque formation.
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ranking = 1.5
keywords = multiple sclerosis, sclerosis
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7/11. "Inflammatory pseudotumor" of liver with occlusive phlebitis: report of a case in a child and review of the literature.

    An unusual "tumor" involving the right lobe of the liver of a young child is reported. Morphologically, the lesion had the features of "inflammatory pseudotumor." We were able to find only one previous report of a similar case in the literature. Unusual changes, which may be designated "occlusive phlebitis," were present in the medium-sized and large veins. Histologically, the lesion, including the vascular changes, had similaritites to the entities included in the group of "multifocal fibrosclerosis." It is believed that these unusual vascular changes, which have also been observed in a case of "inflammatory pseudotumor" of the parotid gland, probably contributed to the disease process.
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ranking = 0.0077138683086901
keywords = sclerosis
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8/11. Eales' disease with progressive spastic paraparesis.

    Eales disease is a disease of unknown aetiology characterised by ophthalmic changes and often neurological involvement as in multiple sclerosis. We are reporting a case of Eales' disease in a 27 yr old male with chronic progressive non compressive motor myelopathy.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = multiple sclerosis, sclerosis
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9/11. Retinal periphlebitis in multiple sclerosis.

    BACKGROUND: The ocular and visual manifestations of multiple sclerosis are varied. The most uncommon is sheathing of the veins, periphlebitis. methods: A 39-year-old white female presented with primary visual complaints of contrast problems on a computer terminal. The patient was lost to follow up for 4 years, however, upon return a clinical diagnosis of multiple sclerosis was confirmed. Six years after the initial presentation, ophthalmoscopic exam of both eyes revealed marked focal sheathing of the retinal veins in the periphery, and associated hemorrhages in the right eye. RESULTS: During follow-up, the left eye became further involved developing hemorrhages and a retinal hole, which was treated. The visual consequence of the multiple sclerosis as a result of further exacerbations were bilateral centrocecal scotomas and midly reduced visual acuity. CONCLUSIONS: multiple sclerosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with retinal periphlebitis.
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ranking = 1.7577138683087
keywords = multiple sclerosis, sclerosis
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10/11. Severe occlusive retinal periphlebitis with vitreous hemorrhage in multiple sclerosis.

    Severe ocular complications in multiple sclerosis are rare. A 43-year-old patient had a history of diplopia episodes and optic neuritis in the right eye between 1979 and 1980. In 1984, multiple sclerosis had been diagnosed. The patient presented with visual deterioration in the right eye in 1992. ophthalmoscopy and fluorescein angiography showed severe occlusive retinal periphlebitis with diffuse retinal hemorrhages and large areas of nonperfusion. At the time of presentation the patient was in general good health and presented no neurological sign. Examinations for other causes of periphlebitis were negative. Although treatment with laser therapy and corticosteroids was initiated, the patient developed recurrent vitreous hemorrhages that required pars plana vitrectomy. In 1993 the patient suffered from a general deterioration of the disease course and was treated with systemic immunosuppressive medication. vitreous hemorrhage is a rare complication of multiple sclerosis.
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ranking = 1.75
keywords = multiple sclerosis, sclerosis
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