Cases reported "Pityriasis"

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1/40. Pityriasis amiantacea.

    Pityriasis amiantacea is an easily recognizable cutaneous disease that is characterized by scaling of the scalp and temporary alopecia. The scaling, described as thick and asbestos-like, binds down tufts of hair. The alopecia may be temporary or scarring. Despite a well-established clinical description, no definitive etiology has been uncovered. This disease may represent seborrheic dermatitis, superficial fungal or pyogenic infections, lichen planus, or psoriasis. Histologically, the disease is characterized by eczematous features. We report a case of pityriasis amiantacea in an 11-year-old girl with simultaneous findings of psoriasis as well as review the literature on the etiology of this disease.
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2/40. case reports. Pityriasis amiantacea as manifestation of tinea capitis due to microsporum canis.

    We report three patients, two infants and an adult, in whom their tinea capitis clinically appeared as pityriasis amiantacea. The mycological studies showed infection due to microsporum canis in all cases. Correct diagnosis as well as adequate antimycotic chemotherapy of this atypical manifestation of tinea capitis remain a challenge to the clinician. Epidemiological aspects must be regarded also.
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3/40. Pityriasis rotunda mimicking tinea cruris/corporis and erythrasma in an Indian patient.

    Pityriasis rotunda is a rare disease characterized by perfectly round to oval, sharply defined, scaly, hypo/hyperpigmented patches of variable number and size located mainly over the trunk and proximal extremities. More than 95% of the reported cases in medical literature are from three countries/ethnic populations, namely japan, south africa (Bantu), and italy (Sardinian islanders). To the best of my knowledge, no patient with the characteristic clinico-pathologic features has been reported from the Indian subcontinent. I report a 44-year-old man with eighteen pityriasis rotunda patches, persistent for nearly 20 years. The lesions in the groin and axillae closely resembled erythrasma and tinea, and he had received treatment for these conditions several times in the past. Histopathology of the skin biopsy showed thinning of the epidermis with a thinned-out granular layer and a sparse lymphomononuclear infiltrate in the dermis. A review of literature suggests that there are two subsets of the disease. The type I subset is comprised of pityriasis rotunda associated with systemic illness and is seen in Black or Oriental patients with no family history of the disease. The lesions tend to subside on treatment of the underlying illness. The type II subset patients are Caucasians as well as Blacks and Orientals with no underlying systemic illness. Familial occurrence is possible; lesions tend to be persistent and unresponsive to therapy.
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keywords = pityriasis
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4/40. Pityriasis alba in a psoriatic location.

    Three patients with pityriasis alba whose lesions were confined to the knees only are reported. Such cases can be misdiagnosed as psoriasis. The key to the correct diagnosis lies in the physician's awareness of the existence of this variant of pityriasis alba.
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5/40. hiv seropositivity in association with pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta.

    We describe a case of PLEVA in an asymptomatic, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive patient. This association has not been previously described. The possible mechanisms involved are discussed.
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keywords = pityriasis
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6/40. Atypical manifestations of pityriasis lichenoides chronica: development into paraneoplasia and non-Hodgkin lymphomas of the skin.

    Three patients with atypical courses and manifestations of pityriasis lichenoides chronica (PLC) are presented. The first patient is a 21-year-old white woman who showed a good response of her PLC lesions as well as her reactive oligoarthritis to repeated PUVA treatments combined with oral prednisone during 1 year. The effect of the treatment then decreased. The patient developed a low-grade malignant lymphoma of the lung. When the lymphoma of the lung improved after chemotherapy, the PLC eruptions improved, too. The second patient is a 41-year-old man, whose Hodgkin's disease stage IVa was successfully treated by chemotherapy and radiotherapy in 1984. In 1987 he showed PLC lesions which responded well to puva therapy, later also in combination with etretinate. Until 1988 repeated skin biopsies revealed a non-specific eczematous pattern. In 1989 the recalcitrant PLC eruptions finally revealed a pleomorphic non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the skin with medium-sized cells. The third patient had a PLC for about 9 years when Hodgkin's disease stage Ia was diagnosed. At the beginning the skin biopsy showed an eczematous pattern, but 2 years later, in 1990, skin infiltrations of a large-cell, anaplastic non-Hodgkin lymphoma were seen. These cases show that PLC in rare cases may either represent a paraneoplastic skin disease or may itself develop into cutaneous lymphomas.
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ranking = 5
keywords = pityriasis
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7/40. Progressive and extensive hypomelanosis and extensive pityriasis alba: same disease, different names?

    We report the cases of five female patients with high skin phototype affected by relapsing, hypochromic, non-scaling macules occurring after the summer on the back and spreading over large areas of skin. Histological features disclosed decreased epidermal melanin. Psoralen plus ultraviolet A (PUVA) treatment proved to be beneficial, but new relapses were noted after stopping treatment. Clinical and histological features were consistent with the diagnosis of 'progressive and extensive hypomelanosis' described by Guillet in persons of mixed racial background. We discuss the differential diagnosis of the latter entity with respect to the other idiopathic acquired primitive hypomelanosis and hypothesize an overlapping with the so-called extensive pityriasis alba (EPA).
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8/40. What's your assessment? pityriasis rosea.

    As a nurse practitioner in dermatology for over 15 years, Barbara Bielan has been fortunate to have worked with many superb clinicians who have shared their time and expertise in giving her a broad background in dermatology. The "What's Your Assessment?" series includes a short case presentation and differential diagnosis. It is followed by a discussion on the disease and the rationale used in each step of the assessment.
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ranking = 0.62551481849852
keywords = rosea
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9/40. lymphomatoid papulosis: clinicopathological comparative study with pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta.

    We have compared the clinical and histopathological features of 6 patients with lymphomatoid papulosis (LP) and 14 patients with pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta (PLEVA). There were some differences between the clinical features in the two diseases, including the size and appearance of skin lesions and the duration of the course of disease. Ki-1 Ag positive, large, atypical, lymphoid cells were always seen in lymphomatoid papulosis; none of lymphoid cells of pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta demonstrated this antigen. We conclude that lymphomatoid papulosis and PLEVA, although sharing some common features, should be considered to be different clinical and immunopathological entities.
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ranking = 6
keywords = pityriasis
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10/40. Pityriasis amiantacea, an unrecognized cause of scarring alopecia, described in four patients.

    Pityriasis amiantacea is not generally recognized as a cause of scarring alopecia. We describe 4 patients with scarring alopecia in the distribution of past or active pityriasis amiantacea and suggest that it is a not uncommon sequela.
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keywords = pityriasis
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