Cases reported "Plant Poisoning"

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1/3. datura stramonium poisonings in humans.

    datura stramonium is a hallucinogenic plant which causes serious poisoning. Clinical symptoms are those of atropinic intoxication with psychiatric manifestations of dryness of mouth, mydriasis, tachycardia and hallucinations. diagnosis is essentially clinical. Treatment is symptomatic and suppurative; prognosis is usually favorable.
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keywords = mydriasis
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2/3. Accidental mydriasis from exposure to Angel's trumpet (Datura suaveolens).

    PURPOSE: To report clinical findings after accidental instillation into the eye of sap from Angel's trumpet (Datura suaveolens). methods: We report findings on seven patients who developed sudden onset of unilateral mydriasis. At least three of them also had ipsilateral cycloplegia and one developed transient tachycardia. RESULTS: The symptoms evolved after ocular exposure to sap from Angel's trumpet, a plant containing natural alkaloids with parasympatholytic properties. Six patients were initially unaware of the cause of their symptoms. In these cases, patient history revealed recent contact with Angel's trumpet. CONCLUSION: Accidental ocular instillation of sap from Angel's trumpet should be noted as a cause of sudden onset of mydriasis in otherwise unaffected patients and also of general symptoms like tachycardia.
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keywords = mydriasis
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3/3. datura stramonium poisoning. Identification of tropane alkaloids in urine by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.

    A case of acute poisoning by ingestion of datura stramonium infusion is reported. The patient presented with a typical anticholinergic syndrome (dryness of mouth, mydriasis, flushing, tachycardia, agitation, hallucinations) and was treated with symptomatic and supportive measures. The presence of tropane belladona alkaloids in a urine sample was demonstrated by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
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keywords = mydriasis
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