Cases reported "Pleural Diseases"

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1/18. Thoracoscopic surgery and pleurodesis for pleuroperitoneal communication in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.

    Two patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) developed right massive hydrothorax and were diagnosed as having pleuroperitoneal communication. Thoracoscopic surgery and pleurodesis were performed. It showed that one was caused by multiple flaws in the diaphragm and that the other was attributable to multiple blebs in the diaphragmatic dome. After the procedure, both of them had no recurrence of hydrothorax and underwent CAPD safely. We recommend thoracoscopic surgery and pleurodesis as the first choice of therapeutic methods for pleuroperitoneal communication.
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2/18. Congenital pleuroperitoneal communication in a patient with pseudomyxoma peritonei.

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: pseudomyxoma peritonei syndrome is a rare disease arising from a perforated appendiceal adenoma. The syndrome is characterized by progressive accumulation of mucinous ascites and tumor within the peritoneal cavity. Direct extension of pseudomyxoma peritonei to the pleural cavity is uncommon and has been associated with surgical penetration of the diaphragm at the time of cytoreduction. methods: We review the case of a patient who presented with mucoid peritoneal and pleural fluid consistent with spontaneous pleural spread of pseudomyxoma peritonei. RESULTS: Surgical exploration confirmed direct pleuroperitoneal communication by macroscopic diaphragmatic fenestration. CONCLUSIONS: This is a rare phenomenon. We outline a therapeutic approach to be applied when pleural involvement is suspected in patients with pseudomyxoma peritonei syndrome.
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3/18. Video-assisted thoracoscopic treatment for pleuroperitoneal communication in peritoneal dialysis.

    Massive hydrothorax is an uncommon but well-recognized complication of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). We performed a video-assisted thoracoscopic resection of the pleuro-peritoneal communication and pleurodesis in a patient with massive right hydrothorax secondary to CAPD. Histologically, the resected diaphragm was lacking in common tissue, tendons and skeletal muscle tissues, is displaced to fibrous connective tissue. These anatomic findings suggested that the cause of communication was congenital diaphragmatic change. Video-assisted thoracoscopic treatment facilitated efficient inspection and easy resection of the weak portion of the diaphragma in the case of pleuroperitoneal communication.
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4/18. Delayed closure of persistent postpneumonectomy bronchopleural fistula.

    A 73-year-old man with a history of postpneumonectomy empyema and a long-term chest tube since 1979 presented with fever, chills, leukocytosis, and purulent fluid from the left tube thoracostomy. CT scan and bronchoscopy demonstrated a right lower lobe pneumonia and a left mainstem dehiscence with direct communication to the left tube thoracostomy. He underwent primary closure of the bronchopleural fistula with latissimus dorsi muscle flap coverage after antibiotic therapy for right lower lobe pneumonia.
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5/18. intracranial hypotension and recurrent pleural effusion after snow-boarding injury: a manifestation of cerebrospinal fluid-pleural fistula.

    BACKGROUND DATA: intracranial hypotension causing postural headaches has been described after occult and postsurgical cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks and rarely isolated lumbar punctures. The occurrence of a CSF-pleural communication is much rarer, and a high level of suspicion aids in prompt recognition. PURPOSE: Early detection and anatomic delineation of the site of CSF-pleural fistula allows prompt intervention, results in resolution of symptoms and prevents the complication of meningitis. STUDY DESIGN: A case of intracranial hypotension with postural headaches is described after spinal surgery, with demonstration on computed tomography (CT) myelography of a rare CSF-pleural fistula. methods: The clinical presentation, postoperative intervention and imaging as well as laboratory data are presented. RESULTS: Chest X-ray showed recurrent pleural effusion after placement of chest tube, and serial head CT studies revealed decreasing ventricular size with development of severe headaches. Myelogram and CT postmyelogram demonstrate the CSF-pleural communication, allowing appropriate surgical repair. CONCLUSION: Severe headaches with a recurrent pleural effusion after thoracic spinal surgery may indicate presence of a CSF-pleural fistula, an unusual complication of thoracic spinal surgery.
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6/18. Surgical treatment of massive hydrothorax complicating continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.

    Acute hydrothorax is a well-recognized complication of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis and is often regarded as a contraindication to its use. We report three cases treated by surgical closure of a communication between the peritoneal and pleural cavities enabling CAPD to continue successfully. This is a simple, safe and effective procedure which merits wider use as an alternative to transferring the patient to permanent hemodialysis.
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7/18. Computed tomography demonstration of subarachnoid-pleural fistula.

    A persistent left pleural effusion caused diagnostic difficulty in a young girl, 2 years after a road accident had rendered her paraplegic. Eventually, after instillation of a contrast medium into the pleural fluid, computed tomography showed a fistulous communication between the subarachnoid and pleural spaces at the level in the dorsal spine where trauma had occurred.
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8/18. Pleuroperitoneal communication associated with malignant ascites. A potential cause for new pleural effusion suggestive of pulmonary embolism.

    A patient with metastatic gastric carcinoma and malignant ascites developed sudden-onset dyspnea secondary to a new large left pleural effusion. A radionuclide lung scan performed for suspected pulmonary embolism was indeterminate. Scintigraphy performed following intraperitoneal administration of Tc-99m sulfur colloid subsequently demonstrated rapid accumulation of activity in the left pleural space, indicating the presence of a pleuroperitoneal communication. In a patient with known or suspected ascites, a new pleural effusion, and an indeterminate lung scan, peritoneal scintigraphy may identify the origin of the effusion and obviate the need for further invasive evaluation for possible pulmonary embolism.
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9/18. A review of management of pleuroperitoneal communication in five CAPD patients.

    Development of massive hydrothorax is well known in CAPD patients. Five CAPD patients at one center have developed some form of pleuroperitoneal communication as evidenced by pleural effusion. Temporary discontinuation of CAPD, tetracycline instillation, and surgical patch grafting of the diaphragm have been used as treatments for the communication.
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10/18. The use of radionuclide cisternography in the diagnosis of pleural cerebrospinal fluid fistulae.

    Radionuclide cisternography (RNC) is an excellent method of studying cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) dynamics and fistulous communications. Two patients are described in which pleural cerebrospinal fluid fistulae were found by this technique. In addition, marking the area presurgically reduced operating room time in one patient. Such communications are important to locate since they can cause significant loss of CSF as well as provide a pathway for pathogens to enter the central nervous system.
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