Cases reported "pleural neoplasms"

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1/793. Multiple endometrial stromal nodules with sparse cysts and glands in the lung--a nodular variation of endometriosis that may mimic metastases of sarcoma.

    We report an unusual case of a nodular variation of pulmonary endometriosis. To our knowledge, there is no previous report on a morphological investigation of this entity. The etiology of this rare condition is still a matter of discussion. The well-circumscribed nodular mass is composed of cells identical to, or closely resembling, those of endometrial stroma containing sparse cysts and glands. Immunohistochemically, the cells showed an extensive co-expression of cytokeratin AE1/AE3 and vimentin and were highly positive for progesterone receptor (PRICA) and estrogen receptor (ERICA). cells lining the cysts and glands as a monolayer were reactive for Ber-Ep4, cytokeratin Pan and cytokeratin AE1/AE3 and negative to all other markers used including PRICA and ERICA. The differential diagnosis of this entity included fibrous tumor of the pleura and metastatic low-grade-endometrial-stromal-sarcoma. The morphological findings are correlated with immunohistochemical studies and results of cell image analysis. This study details the clinicopathological features of the nodular variation of pulmonary endometriosis. ( info)

2/793. Hypoglycaemia associated with a solitary fibrous tumour of the pleura.

    We report the interesting case of an elderly woman who presented with hypoglycaemic episodes and weight loss. She was found to have a solitary fibrous tumour weighing more than 1.7 kg arising from the diaphragmatic pleura, which had been producing insulin-like growth factor ii. After surgical removal of this well-encapsulated, pedunculated tumour her hypoglycaemia resolved and she returned to normal both clinically and biochemically. ( info)

3/793. Fine needle aspiration diagnosis of extraadrenal myelolipoma presenting as a pleural mass. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: myelolipoma is a benign tumor composed of mature adipose tissue and hematopoietic cells. Although they are commonly found in adrenal glands, extraadrenal myelolipomas (EMLs) are rare but well documented. They have been found in various sites, including mediastinum, liver, stomach, lungs, pelvis, spleen, retroperitoneum, presacral region and mesentery. EMLs must be distinguished from extramedullary hematopoieses, which are also composed of hematopoietic elements but may lack adipose tissue and are associated with anemia and marked bone marrow hyperplasia. CASE: We describe a case of a pleura-based, extraadrenal myelolipoma in a 53-year-old female with unremarkable bone marrow findings that were initially encountered on fluoroscopy-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA). One year later the mass was removed via open thoracotomy. It showed typical EML features histologically. CONCLUSION: EML manifests on aspiration cytology as a cellular specimen with numerous trilineage hematopoietic cells and a variable proportion of mature adipose cells. To our knowledge, FNA cytology of EML has not been found in this location before. Aspiration biopsy offers a simple and reliable method for the diagnosis of EML in the presence of appropriate clinical settings. ( info)

4/793. Pelvic and lumbar metastasis detected by bone scintigraphy in malignant pleural mesothelioma.

    A case of a 43-year-old man suffering from pleural mesothelioma with distant bone metastasis is reported. The results of bone scintigraphy and NMR findings allowed the diagnosis. The current case describes a hematogenous metastasis to the pelvis and vertebral column from a malignant pleural mesothelioma that was detected initially by bone scintigraphy. ( info)

5/793. Impressive remission in a patient with locally advanced malignant pleural mesothelioma treated with gemcitabine.

    The results of treatment of malignant pleural mesothelioma are quite unsatisfactory regardless of the substance or schedule employed. Although some activity is proved for anthracyclines, platinum compounds and alkylating substances, no chemotherapeutic regimen has emerged as a standard of care. Response rates documented in literature are between 10 and 20% for all these regimens. We report about a patient with locally advanced, unresectable pleural mesothelioma treated with the nucleoside analog gemcitabine (2,2-difluorodeoxycytidine). A 54-year-old male patient with unresectable pleural mesothelioma confirmed by thoracoscopic biopsy was treated with seven cycles of gemcitabine (1000 mg/m2 on day 1, 8 and 15) over a period of 36 weeks. Restaging by thoracic computed tomography (CT) scan was performed after 8, 20 and 36 weeks. At week 36 after beginning of treatment, the CT scan exhibited a substantial partial remission with a reduction of tumor volume of over 50%. The adverse effects of the therapy were very moderate with a hematotoxicity not exceeding WHO grade I and a mild 'flu-like syndrome' during the first three cycles which responded quite well to steroids. The compliance of the patient was excellent and his general condition improved significantly under therapy. Gemcitabine seems to be an active drug for the treatment of pleural mesothelioma. Compared to other active regimens it is normally very well tolerated by the patients. Because of these characteristics gemcitabine seems a suitable antineoplastic substance, especially in palliative settings. It would be worthwhile to test its activity in pleural mesotheliomas in controlled trials. ( info)

6/793. Invasive thymoma with long-term survival by extensive reoperation.

    The recurrence of invasive thymoma is often observed; however, no accepted treatment of recurrent invasive thymoma has yet been established. We herein report a 41-year-old woman with invasive thymoma and pleural dissemination who demonstrated long-term survival after undergoing 4 operations. Based on our findings, reoperation is thus suggested in patients with intrathoracic recurrence and long-term survival can be expected. ( info)

7/793. Ga-67 tumor scan in malignant diffuse mesothelioma--comparison with CT and pathological findings.

    Malignant diffuse mesothelioma is characterized by more difficult diagnosis and worse prognosis than other pleural tumors. In the Department of thoracic surgery, Hyogo Medical Center for Adults, 11 patients underwent panpleuropneumonectomy for this disease between January, 1988 and March, 1993. In 7 of these cases, Ga-67 scans were obtained before the operation. To clarify the factors affecting Ga-67 uptake in the pleural tumor, we compared Ga-67 uptake on the involved side of the thorax with CT and the pathological findings of the tumor. Regarding the use of Ga-67 scan imaging for the diagnosis of this disease, a number of related findings must be considered, such as an encircled wide Ga-67 uptake in the thickened pleural involvement and a diffuse slight Ga-67 uptake on the affected side with very slight involvement of the pleura. When the involved pleural thickness was over 6 mm, a definite correlation was found between the degree of Ga-67 uptake and the macroscopic thickness of mesothelioma in resected specimens. Thickness of the pleura on CT images demonstrates the real tumor thickness in the case of thickened involvement but in the case of thin involvement the real thickness of active mesothelioma could not be identified. No definite correlation was found between the degree of Ga-67 uptake and the histological type, or among microscopic findings, such as the extent of tumor parenchyma, interstitial volume and tumor vascularity. Our results suggest that the Ga-67 scan is very useful for revealing the extent of pleural involvement, especially when this involvement is more than 6 mm thick. ( info)

8/793. Pulmonary asbestosis associated to pleural non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

    We describe herein a case report of a patient affected by pulmonary asbestosis who developed a non-Hodgkin lymphoma originating in the pleura. The case is unusual for the uncommon site and because the chronic antigenic stimulation by asbestos bodies may have locally promoted an immunologic derangement. ( info)

9/793. Extracranial metastasis of anaplastic ganglioglioma through a ventriculoperitoneal shunt: a case report.

    Extracranial metastasis of an intracranial anaplastic ganglioglioma through a ventriculoperitoneal shunt is reported. A 53-year-old woman was treated by surgery, radiation and chemotherapy and died 2 years later. At autopsy, multiple metastatic lesions were found in the spinal cord, and the abdominal and pleural cavities. Histologically, all the metastatic lesions were composed of atypical cells which resembled primitive glial elements found in intracranial anaplastic ganglioglioma, suggesting that anaplastic glial elements have a metastatic potential. Extracranial metastasis of ganglioglioma is a rare occurrence; however, the spread of glial elements through the shunt further suggests that caution is required in therapy and indicates a need for protective filters in the shunt system. ( info)

10/793. Solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura: a cytogenetic study.

    A solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura was studied. Its karyotype was 46,XY,t(6;17) (p11.2;q23),ins(9;12)(q22;q15q24.1),inv(16)(p13.1q24). The rearrangement of 12q13-15 was also described in a subset of hemangiopericytomas of soft tissue and meninges. Because both types of tumors are morphologically and immunophenotypically quite similar, and because some of them share rearrangement of 12q13-15, the possibility of their histogenetical relatedness should be considered. ( info)
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