Cases reported "Poliomyelitis, Bulbar"

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1/4. Vocal cord paresis and glottic stenosis: a late complication of poliomyelitis.

    A patient with spinobulbar poliomyelitis had residual dysfunction of the ninth and tenth cranial nerves, which produced bilateral vocal cord paresis and recurrent aspiration. Critical glottic stenosis developed 28 years after the initial episode of poliomyelitis; this course appeared to be explained by fibrosis of the intrinsic laryngeal muscles and ankylosis of the right cricoarytenoid joint. Thus it appears that significant upper airway obstruction may develop as a late complication in patients with stable neurologic deficits and chronic immobility of the vocal cords. ( info)

2/4. Vaccine-associated contact paralytic poliomyelitis with atypical neurological presentation.

    Paralytic poliomyelitis presenting with quadriparesis, transient encephalitis and bulbar symptoms in 2 patients in close contact with recently vaccinated children with trivalent live oral polio vaccine is described. Symmetrical lower motor neuron involvement of deltoid muscles with electromyographic confirmation was found. Upper motor neuron signs, with symmetrical hyperactive deep tendon reflexes developed in the lower extremities. poliovirus Type-2 vaccine-like strain was cultured from one patient and both patients showed significant antibody titers rises to poliovirus. attention is drawn to the possible clinical differences between vaccine associated poliomelitis and the usual features found in wild strain poliomyelitis. It is suggested that in selected cases, non-immunized contacts be given inactivated polio-vaccine when the vaccinees are immunized with the live oral-vaccine. ( info)

3/4. Near-drowning, scuba diving: an unusual late sequela of bulbar polio.

    This case report illustrates an unusual hazard of underwater sports: vagal neuropathology secondary to early poliomyelitis which resulted in residual palato-pharyngeal paresis. Gag and swallowing reflexes appeared to function adequately but in fact were not normal. When stressed, during water aspiration, they were inadequate, resulting in great risk to the underwater enthusiast. A history of early viral myelitis must be considered as a potential hazard in underwater sports. ( info)

4/4. Hemifacial atrophy secondary to poliomyelitis.

    A 25-year-old woman is presented with hemifacial atrophy due to unilateral bulbar poliomyelitis infection. Although bulbar poliomyelitis is not an uncommon disease, it is rarely a cause of hemifacial asymmetry. ( info)

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