Cases reported "Polycythemia"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/20. Familial polycythemia due to truncations of the erythropoietin receptor.

    We studied a kindred with dominantly inherited familial erythrocytosis associated with heterozygosity for a deletion of seven nucleotides in exon 8 of the EpoR gene resulting in an EpoR peptide that is truncated by 59 amino acids in its C-terminal intracytoplasmic signal transduction domain. A seven basepair direct repeat sequence is present in the normal EpoR gene at the site of this mutation, consistent with the slipped mispairing model for the generation of short deletions during dna replication. hypersensitivity to erythropoietin of primary erythroid progenitors from an affected individual was observed in in vitro cultures of peripheral blood mononuclear cells, as indicated by the growth, at suboptimal concentrations of added Epo, of more numerous and larger BFU-E-derived erythroid cell colonies compared to those obtained from a normal control subject. To study mutant EpoR function, the cDNA encoding the mutant EpoR was stably transfected into murine growth factor (IL-3)-dependent 32D tissue culture cells. In proliferation assays, cells expressing the mutant EpoR displayed 5 to 10-fold increased sensitivity to Epo compared to cells expressing similar numbers of the wild type EpoR. In addition, the cells transfected with the mutant truncated receptor demonstrated prolonged activity of Jak2 kinase and Stat5 activity, molecules that mediate signal transduction by the EpoR.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = culture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/20. diagnosis of polycythemia vera in an anemic patient.

    Criteria proposed by the polycythemia vera Study Group (PVSG) as well as several derived algorithms are currently used for the diagnosis of polycythemia vera. Although these guidelines have significantly enhanced diagnostic accuracy, they uniformly consider erythrocytosis as the requisite premise for instigating the subsequent workup. We describe the unusual presentation of a patient with microcytic anemia in whom the diagnosis of polycythemia vera was reached using the PVSG criteria and confirmed by in vitro culture assay of erythroid progenitor cells. This case highlights the usefulness of the PVSG criteria, including the red cell mass determination, for the diagnosis of polycythemia vera even in anemic patients. The roles of spleen red cell pooling and plasma volume expansion as major determinants of this unusual presentation are discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = culture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/20. A novel mutation in the erythropoietin receptor gene is associated with familial erythrocytosis.

    Primary familial erythrocytosis (familial polycythemia) is a rare myeloproliferative disorder with an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance. We studied a new kindred with autosomal dominantly inherited familial erythrocytosis. The molecular basis for the observed phenotype of isolated erythrocytosis is heterozygosity for a novel nonsense mutation affecting codon 399 in exon 8 of the erythropoietin receptor (EPOR) gene, encoding an EpoR peptide that is truncated by 110 amino acids at its C-terminus. The new EPOR gene mutation 5881G>T was found to segregate with isolated erythrocytosis in the affected family and this mutation represents the most extensive EpoR truncation reported to date, associated with familial erythrocytosis. Erythroid progenitors from an affected individual displayed Epo hypersensitivity in in vitro methylcellulose cultures, as indicated by more numerous erythroid burst-forming unit-derived colonies in low Epo concentrations compared to normal controls. Expression of mutant EpoR in interleukin 3-dependent hematopoietic cells was associated with Epo hyperresponsiveness compared to cells expressing wild-type EpoR.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = culture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/20. Congenital erythrocytosis with increased erythropoietin level.

    The term "absolute erythrocytosis" denotes a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by an increased red blood cell mass. The authors describe a 20-month-old girl with absolute erythrocytosis. erythropoietin levels were found to be extremely increased, although extensive evaluation failed to reveal a cause for such an inappropriate increase. Of interest is also the documentation of spontaneous erythroid colony formation in the patient's bone marrow cultures. Although such a finding is considered typical of polycythemia vera, the diagnostic criteria of this myeloproliferative disorder were not met.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = culture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/20. Familial and congenital polycythemia in three unrelated families.

    Three families with polycythemia inherited through apparently different modes are described. Secondary causes of polycythemia were ruled out. erythropoietin (EPO) levels were normal or low, even after phlebotomy. in vitro erythroid colony growth in standard assay cultures containing EPO was normal; however, in the absence of added EPO, a few progenitors from most of the affected individuals were able to generate recognizable colonies of mature erythroblasts, although these were smaller and proportionately less numerous than seen in polycythemia vera (PV). To search for EPO-receptor changes as a possible pathophysiologic mechanism, we examined, by Southern blot analysis, genomic DNA samples from affected and nonaffected family members, as well as three patients with PV. Two different probes, derived from the human EPO-receptor, were used. We found no evidence for chromosomal rearrangements or gene amplification in hereditary polycythemia or PV patients. Further, no nucleotide sequences were found that were homologous to the Friend spleen focus-forming virus glycoprotein gp55, which has been shown to bind to and activate the murine EPO-receptor. Functional studies examining number and binding affinity of the EPO-receptor on erythroid progenitors from three hereditary polycythemia patients demonstrated no abnormalities. We conclude that the mechanism(s) for the erythrocytosis in familial and congenital polycythemia and in PV may not involve the EPO-receptor and, therefore, may result from alterations of postreceptor responses.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = culture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/20. A novel chromosomal abnormality, t(6;10)(q27;q22), found in a polycythemic potential donor for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

    A 59-year-old man was a potential donor for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and was found to be healthy but slightly polycythemic. The bone marrow was morphologically normal, but karyotyping of bone marrow cells showed t(6;10)(q27;q22) in 7 of 20 metaphases analyzed by G-banding and only the t(6;10) abnormality in 3 of 5 metaphases analyzed by the spectral karyotyping method. G-banding analysis of peripheral blood mononuclear cells cultured with phytohemagglutinin for 72 hours showed a normal karyotype in all 20 metaphases analyzed.These findings suggest clonal expansion with t(6;10)(q27;q22) in the bone marrow of this individual. He was determined to be ineligible for donation. A coordinated nationwide work-up for older donors is necessary to ensure high-quality standards.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = culture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/20. Primary benign erythrocytosis with high erythropoietin levels and an early erythropoietin-sensitive population in the peripheral blood.

    Primary erythrocytosis diagnosed in a 10-month-old female and followed for 12 years is described. The erythrocytosis was associated with an abnormally elevated set point of erythropoietin production in which the sensitivity fluctuated independently, but corresponded to the alterations in the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood, when the hematocrit was lowered by phlebotomies. Extensive work for secondary erythrocytoses failed to demonstrate a recognizable cause for this abnormal erythropoietin production. Erythroid cell cultures from peripheral blood mononuclear cells showed the existence of at least two populations: one consistent with dramatic expansion of the erythron in keeping with enhanced sensitivity to endogenous erythropoietin, and the other consistent with the features of typical colonies derived from burst-forming units-erythroid (BFU-Es), seen in normal peripheral blood on days 12 to 14 of culture. The expanded population was characterized by the appearance of single colonies on days 4 to 6 and enormous response to the increasing amounts of erythropoietin, which enhanced their number, size, and maturation. The combination of clinical and in vitro data as well as the absence of any abnormality in the erythropoiesis of the parents and sibling suggest that the erythrocytosis in this child represents a new form with a benign course.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = culture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/20. Autosomal dominant erythrocytosis caused by increased sensitivity to erythropoietin.

    We describe here a family with autosomal dominant erythrocytosis. In in vitro cultures, performed using the methyl cellulose assay, the number of erythroid colonies was normal or marginally increased when a standard concentration of erythropoietin (Epo) was used, but at lower Epo concentrations, the investigated persons formed more colonies than the controls. The difference was generally greater the lower the Epo concentration became. Some erythroid colony growth was seen even in the absence of any added Epo (apart from the minute concentration found in fetal calf serum), a phenomenon not seen in the controls. This finding indicates that the erythrocytosis in this family is caused by hypersensitivity of erythroid progenitors to Epo. The serum Epo concentration was low or low normal in all of the investigated family members, which is in good accordance with hypersensitivity to Epo. The erythrocytosis has not had any obvious effect on the health or life-span of the affected individuals. Many of them have reached an advanced age, and one of the affected family members has won several Olympic gold medals and world championships in endurance sports.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = culture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/20. Spontaneous resolution of primary erythrocytosis in two girls.

    We report two girls with primary erythrocytosis in whom extensive diagnostic studies revealed no underlying cause. Normal growth of colonies derived from erythroid burst forming units (BFU-E) was observed, and serum erythropoietin concentrations were within or below the normal range. The absence of a rise in serum erythropoietin levels after isovolemic phlebotomy implicated the erythroid marrow as the site of the pathophysiologic abnormality in both patients. Spontaneous resolution of erythrocytosis occurred during the second decade of life. Our experience suggests that primary erythrocytosis may be self-limited in some children. In these cases, the proliferative abnormality may be sufficiently subtle as to not be detected by standard in vitro culture systems, which support the growth of colonies derived from erythroid progenitors.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = culture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/20. Primary proliferative polycythaemia without splenomegaly: a diagnostic problem.

    We report three cases of polycythaemia with no evidence of clinical splenomegaly and normal splenic red cell pool on isotope spleen scan. In each case, however, a diagnosis of primary proliferative polycythaemia (PPP) was suggested by in-vitro erythropoietin-independent growth of peripheral blood erythroid colonies. In one of these cases two possible causes of secondary polycythaemia were also identified. The use of investigations such as isotope spleen scanning and erythroid cell culture in helping to establish a diagnosis of PPP is discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = culture
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Polycythemia'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.