Cases reported "Polyneuropathies"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/269. Chronic axonal sensory and autonomic polyneuropathy without motor involvement: a new 'chronic inflammatory neuropathy?'.

    We report the case of a woman with axonal sensory and autonomic neuropathy lasting several months who improved in association with steroid administration. During the course of her disease and in the follow-up, the patient underwent repeated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examinations, neurophysiological somatic, autonomic nervous system studies and sural nerve biopsy. Clinical and laboratory assessments demonstrated the occurrence of a monophasic, chronic sensory and autonomic neuropathy. A sural nerve biopsy suggested an axonopathy. After a progressive worsening of symptoms lasting about 6 months, steroid treatment was started and within 6 months a complete recovery, with normalization of the CSF findings, was observed. Although the 'chronic inflammatory neuropathies' are still debated entities, the features of this chronic, exclusively sensory and autonomic neuropathy are new, and the occurrence of a high protein level in the CSF, together with the favorable outcome associated with steroid treatment, suggests that our case might be another variant in this debated area.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = neuropathy, nerve, nervous system
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/269. Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy: superiority of protein A immunoadsorption over plasma exchange treatment.

    We present a patient with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) who was treated regularly with plasma exchanges (PE) because response to other therapies including i.v. immunoglobulins was not adequate. To reduce nonspecific protein losses due to repeated PE and increase IgG-removal, immunoadsorption (i.a.)-therapy using sepharose-bound protein A was initiated. Retrospective analysis of clinical data including muscle strength and walking distance shows that IA led to more rapid and greater functional improvement than PE in this patient with no relevant side effects. After 3 years of therapy lymphoma was diagnosed and treated. The patient had no relapses of CIDP for 17 months, when his functional status deteriorated again necessitating further IA-therapy. It is concluded that IgG removal by IA in CIDP is more effective and has fewer complications than PE. Due to the chronic course of CIDP requiring repeated interventions IA is also not more expensive than PE.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.45226638894758
keywords = neuropathy
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/269. Prominent effect of immunoadsorption plasmapheresis therapy in a patient with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy associated with hepatitis b infection.

    We encountered a patient with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy associated with hepatitis b infection. Immunohistochemical study revealed the deposition of immune complex composed of hepatitis b surface antigen (HBsAg) both around the endoneural capillary and in the endoneurium. Neurological signs were significantly improved by immunoadsorption plasmapheresis (IAPP) treatment without incorporating corticosteroid hormone therapy; weekly long-term IAPP has successfully maintained the patient's condition.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.45226638894758
keywords = neuropathy
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/269. Asymmetrical polyneuropathy with a stepwise progressive course and well-demarcated areas of demyelination.

    A female patient was 12 years old when she presented with hemiatrophy and muscle weakness on the right side of her body. Then a stepwise worsening occurred, and at 19 years of age sensory symptoms were also noticed, as well as a mild involvement of the left part of her body. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein level was elevated without cells. The main electrophysiological abnormality was a marked temporal dispersion of the compound muscle action potentials (CMAPs). Motor nerve conduction velocities were moderately reduced. A superficial peroneal nerve biopsy revealed well-demarcated areas of demyelination with prominent Schwann cell hyperplasia. Neither deletion nor duplication of the PMP22 gene nor mutation of the P0 or connexin 32 genes was found by molecular genetic investigations. immunotherapy was administered, and over the next 6 years the symptomatology fluctuated. This unusual disorder seems to be a variant of chronic acquired demyelinating polyneuropathy and may be immunologically mediated.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.45640340771621
keywords = neuropathy, nerve
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/269. Electrophysiologic recovery after vitamin e-deficient neuropathy.

    A case report is presented of an electrophysiologic recovery from vitamin e-deficient neuropathy after treatment with water-soluble vitamin e in a patient with chronic hepatobiliary disease. The patient was a 64-year-old man who had experienced progressive difficulty in ambulation, with ataxia, over the previous 3 years. The symptoms were associated with pain, tingling sensation in the extremities, and reduced fine motor activity. The patient had chronic hepatobiliary disease, with recurrent cholangitis and external drainage of bile acid through a T-tube for more than 20 years. vitamin e level was barely detectable (<0.5 mg/L). Sensory conduction was absent in both sural nerves. Other sensory and motor conduction studies in the upper and lower extremities showed decreased amplitude. The patient was treated with water-soluble vitamin e. After 4 months of therapy, his ambulation function improved, but pain and tingling sensation in both hands remained. Sensory nerve action potentials appeared in both sural nerves, and amplitudes of other sensory nerves were increased. In a second follow-up study after 9 months, all of the evaluated parameters in the nerve conduction studies, as well as the vitamin e level, were normal. The authors conclude that vitamin e-deficient neuropathy is reversible and electrophysiologic recovery can occur with water-soluble vitamin e therapy.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.55306221365868
keywords = neuropathy, nerve
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/269. Polyneuropathy with minifascicle formation in a patient with 46XY mixed gonadal dysgenesis.

    A patient with mixed gonadal dysgenesis showed glove and stocking-type sensory impairment and slowing of motor and sensory nerve conduction. sural nerve biopsy revealed minifascicular formation with decreased density of myelinated fibers. As far as we are aware, this is the first report of polyneuropathy with minifascicular formation in 46XY mixed gonadal dysgenesis.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.45640340771621
keywords = neuropathy, nerve
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/269. Polyneuropathy with osmiophilic membrane-bound, cytoplasmic inclusions in schwann cells (POMCIS).

    In the cytoplasm of schwann cells of a sural nerve biopsy from a 21-year-old female patient with chronic neuropathy we noted numerous unique, usually double membrane-bound, osmiophilic, granular or globular inclusions, approximately 30-600 microm in diameter. Some of these membrane-bound vesicular or tubular structures contained less dense or no osmiophilic inclusions. Morphometry revealed a reduction of the myelin area per endoneural area to approximately 13% (normal value: 20- 30%) and of the density of myelinated nerve fibers to 5,412/mm(2) (normal value at this age: 6,000-9,000/mm(2)). Large myelinated nerve fibers were predominantly reduced in number, and no myelinated nerve fibers with diameters larger than 4.5 microm were seen. Numerous, usually small onion bulb formations indicated a predominantly demyelinating type of neuropathy. This is to the best of our knowledge the first case of a chronic demyelinating neuropathy in which this kind of presumably pathognostic deposits in the cytoplasm of schwann cells was detected.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.64144698206388
keywords = neuropathy, nerve
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/269. Lumbosacral acute demyelinating polyneuropathy following hepatitis b vaccination.

    We report a patient who presented with an acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, that followed the second injection of a hepatitis b vaccination, and characterized by motor and sensory deficit restricted to lower limbs and perineum, and persistent bladder dysfunction. The relationship between the preceding event and neurological disease is discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.45226638894758
keywords = neuropathy
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/269. Neuromyotonia, myocloni, sensory neuropathy and cerebellar symptoms in a patient with antibodies to neuronal nucleoproteins (anti-Hu-antibodies).

    A middle-aged patient presented with subacute muscular stiffness, myocloni of both extremity and facial muscles, gait ataxia and symmetrical distal painful paraesthesias. Electrophysiologically, neuromyotonia was confirmed. High titer anti-Hu antibodies were detected, but no other paraneoplastic antibodies were found. Small-cell lung cancer was diagnosed. Under chemotherapy tumor remission was achieved and, except for minor sensory deficits, neurological symptoms disappeared. This report shows that paraneoplastic syndromes associated with antibodies to neuronal nucleoproteins (anti-Hu antibodies) may be associated with a syndrome including neuromyotonia, sensory neuropathy, cerebellar symptoms and myocloni.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.45226638894758
keywords = neuropathy
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/269. microscopic polyangiitis diagnosed at hysterectomy.

    A 78 year old female developed polyneuropathy, weight loss, malaise, and joint pain. Necrotizing vasculitis was diagnosed at hysterectomy, and later renal biopsy demonstrated focal segmental necrotizing glomerulonephritis. The pathological findings together with the presence of pANCA was consistent with a diagnosis of microscopic polyangiitis (MPA). This is the first clinical description of MPA with involvement of the uterus.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.090453277789516
keywords = neuropathy
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Polyneuropathies'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.