Cases reported "Polyps"

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1/81. Failure of the laryngeal mask to secure the airway in a patient with Hunter's syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis type II).

    We present a case-study of a boy with Hunter's syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis type II) and stridor in which a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) failed to secure airway control. A rigid bronchoscopy was performed and a polypoid formation discovered. We believe that the use of the LMA could explain the laryngeal obstruction in this child.
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ranking = 1
keywords = obstruction, airway
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2/81. Primary tracheal schwannoma.

    We report a case of a primary tracheal schwannoma causing symptoms of airway obstruction in a 33-year-old man. bronchoscopy and computerized tomography demonstrated a polypoid intratracheal mass obstructing 90% of the lumen. Tracheal resection with primary anastomosis was performed. Histologic analysis revealed a benign neurogenic tumor of Schwann cell origin.
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ranking = 2.1032091178618
keywords = airway obstruction, obstruction, airway
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3/81. Endoscopic polypectomy of a symptomatic antral polyp.

    After the introduction of fiberoptic endoscopy and its fully accepted use as an instrument of great diagnostic ability, we are now in an era where the same instrument is providing us with a route for a mode of therapy. Colonic polypectomies are now being performed by a majority of the endoscopists. There have only been three instances reported in the literature, however, where the polypectomies have been performed for the removal of symptomatic polyps in the stomach and duodenum. This communication describes the removal of such a pedunculated distal antral polyp which not only caused intermittent pyloric obstruction but also a moderately severe iron deficiency anemia in an 82-year old female. The benign procedure of endoscopic polypectomy, which took only 25 minutes to perform, was a means of total cure for this patient. To the best of our knowledge, this case represents the second reported one from this country of the endoscopic polypectomy of a symptomatic benign gastric polyp.
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ranking = 0.50617502440956
keywords = obstruction
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4/81. The anaesthetic management of a case of severe upper airways obstruction due to an enlarging subglottic benign polyp.

    The use of a newly developed aid to jet ventilation of the lungs, a modified Ben-Jet tube (the Hunsaker Monjet tube), is described in a patient with partial upper airway obstruction. This report highlights an unusual use of this device. The Monjet is a fluoroplastic, monitored, self-centring, fine bore tube that can be inserted from the mouth through to the subglottic region. It was originally developed to anaesthetize healthy patients without airway obstruction who were undergoing suspension microlaryngoscopy.
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ranking = 6.5603349837555
keywords = airway obstruction, obstruction, airway
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5/81. Congenital polyp of the prostatic urethra in a child.

    Congenital urethral polyps are an uncommon cause of urethral obstruction in male subjects. The diagnosis is made by voiding cystourethrogram and should be confirmed by transurethral biopsy before transvesical removal is attempted.
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ranking = 0.50617502440956
keywords = obstruction
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6/81. Prolapsed hyperplastic gastric polyp causing pancreatitis: case report.

    A huge hyperplastic gastric polyp prolapsed into the duodenum. The compression and obstruction of the ampulla of vater by this polyp caused acute pancreatitis. An overview of imaging findings, general considerations about hyperplastic gastric polyps, and a review of the literature are provided.
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ranking = 0.50617502440956
keywords = obstruction
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7/81. Tracheal polyp.

    Benign tumors of the tracheobronchial tree are extremely rare. A case of a benign inflammatory endotracheal polyp and literature review are presented, including classification and treatment options. Although rare, these lesions must be efficiently diagnosed and expeditiously removed to prevent airway occlusion or irreversible pulmonary disease.
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ranking = 0.082304162598406
keywords = airway
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8/81. Inflammatory endobronchial polyps in childhood: clinical spectrum and possible link to mechanical ventilation.

    Inflammatory polyps of the airways are now regarded as histopathologically distinct nonneoplastic endobronchial lesions, which in adults are associated with a variety of chronic inflammatory insults. However, their clinical presentation in the pediatric population is extremely rare, with the etiology of such polyps poorly defined. The clinical and histopathological data from four pediatric patients, identified in the histopathology files of the Royal Brompton Hospital, were retrospectively reviewed.Three out of 4 patients had a history of mechanical ventilation in the neonatal period. In these 3 patients, the polyps were all situated in the proximal airways on the right side. These 3 patients presented at 6 weeks, 7 weeks, and 2 years, respectively, and were successfully treated by polypectomy at rigid bronchoscopy, with subsequent return to normality. One patient, presenting at 12 years of age without history of iatrogenic intervention, underwent a left lower lobectomy for a polyp sited in a segmental bronchus. Presentation in 3 of the 4 patients was with lobar collapse. The fourth patient presented with hyperinflation.We conclude that inflammatory endobronchial polyps may be associated with a history of mechanical ventilation in the neonatal period, polyp formation perhaps being secondary to airway trauma. The small caliber of the main airways in neonates may also be a contributory factor in presentation.
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ranking = 0.32921665039362
keywords = airway
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9/81. Pyloric obstruction caused by prolapse of a hyperplastic gastric polyp.

    Hyperplastic gastric polyps account for the majority of benign gastric polyps and are generally diagnosed by routine gastroscopy as they rarely become symptomatic. We report a 79-year-old woman who presented with intermittent attacks of bloating, belching, nausea and vomiting. endoscopy showed a pedunculated polyp in the gastric antrum prolapsing through the pylorus, thus obstructing the gastric outlet. The polyp was repositioned with an endoscopic forceps and then removed at its pedicle by endoscopic snare excision. Histologic examination showed a hyperplastic polyp without dysplasia or malignancy. The significance of gastric polyps is discussed from the clinical point of view.
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ranking = 2.0247000976383
keywords = obstruction
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10/81. Benign mesodermal polyp in childhood.

    A ureteral fibrous polyp presenting as ureteropelvic junction obstruction in a 10-year-old boy is reported. These neoplasms are uncommon, especially in children. If a salvageable kidney is present, resection of the tumor and adjacent ureter is proper therapy. However, in the present case the fibrous polyp had produced marked ureteropelvic junction obstruction, resulting in only a thin shell of renal parenchymal tissue, and therefore, nephroureterectomy was performed.
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ranking = 1.0123500488191
keywords = obstruction
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