Cases reported "Polyuria"

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1/65. Transient diabetes insipidus following escherichia coli meningitis complicated by ventriculoperitoneal shunt.

    Although disorders of ADH secretion associated with meningitis are usually consistent with the Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion (SIADH), central diabetes insipidus (DI) is an exceptional complication of meningitis. Transient DI as a complication of escherichia coli (E. coli) meningitis due to ventriculoperitoneal shunt in an 18-month-old boy is presented. blood and spinal fluid cultures yielded E. coli, sensitive to cefotaxime. The DI arose on the day 3 after admission and continued to the day 20. Treatment comprised cefotaxime, dexamethasone, fluid adjustment and vasopressin. The course of our case supports that in cases of bacterial meningitis, initial fluid restriction may occasionally result in dangerous conditions. Therefore, all children with bacterial meningitis should be followed closely not only in terms of SIADH but also DI. To our knowledge this is the first transient DI associated with E. coli-caused meningitis case reported.
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ranking = 1
keywords = diabetes insipidus, insipidus, diabetes
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2/65. diabetes insipidus in a patient with a highly malignant B-cell lymphoma and stomatitis.

    A 37-year-old male patient with a diffuse pleomorphic B-cell-lymphoma, which has been diagnosed two month earlier with the primary site at the pterygopalatine fossa on both sides with infiltration of the clivus and cavernous sinus was referred to our hospital for continuation of the third course of CHOP chemotherapy. At admission he reported about a recent history of painful swallowing and intermittent substernal chest pain. Alleviation of the pain on swallowing and the chest pain was apparently only possible by drinking 10 to 15 l of cold coca cola throughout the day and night, a regimen that resulted in polyuria. physical examination revealed extensive thrush stomatitis and soor esophagitis. Despite successful treatment with fluconazole, polydipsia continued unabated. The classic osmotic test of dehydration and exogenous vasopressin revealed hypothalamic diabetes insipidus (DI). Basal hormones and stimulated endocrine function tests of the adenohypophysis were found to be normal. MRI-scan revealed lymphoma infiltration of the neurohypophysis. After the third course of CHOP chemotherapy the patient surprisingly recovered completely from his excessive thirst. The present report shows that clinical disorders such as thrush stomatitis can mask diabetes insipidus caused by an early relapsing lymphoma.
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ranking = 0.55749789946063
keywords = diabetes insipidus, insipidus, diabetes
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3/65. Acute myeloid leukaemia with trilineage myelodysplasia complicated by masked diabetes insipidus.

    We describe a rare case of acute myeloid leukaemia with trilineage myelodysplasia complicated by central diabetes insipidus. In the present case, diabetes insipidus was masked by corticosteroid deficiency due to hypopituitarism and clinical symptoms presented after administering methylprednisolone. Although the remission of leukaemia was not achieved by chemotherapy, excessive urinary output was well-controlled by nasal administration of 1-desamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin (DDAVP) during the course.
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ranking = 1.2
keywords = diabetes insipidus, insipidus, diabetes
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4/65. hyponatremia and polyuria in children with central diabetes insipidus: challenges in diagnosis and management.

    Five patients with well-controlled, long-standing, central diabetes insipidus had acute development of dehydration, hyponatremia, and inappropriate natriuresis in the setting of polyuria resistant to exogenous antidiuretic hormone. hyponatremia and dehydration worsened with fluid restriction or use of exogenous antidiuretic hormone. We discuss the challenges in diagnosis and management of probable salt wasting in children with central diabetes insipidus.
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ranking = 1.2
keywords = diabetes insipidus, insipidus, diabetes
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5/65. A patient with partial central diabetes insipidus: clarifying pathophysiology and designing treatment.

    Studies were undertaken in a 32-year-old man who developed polyuria (4 L/d) a few days after a basal skull fracture; the condition persisted 1 year after the accident. The other major features were thirst, a plasma sodium of 143 mmol/L, 24-hour urine osmolality of 221 mOsm/kg H(2)O, and levels of vasopressin in plasma that were less than 0.5 pg/mL on 20 separate occasions. The 24-hour urine volume implied that the diagnosis was partial rather than complete central diabetes insipidus; however, several random urine samples had a much higher osmolality. An infusion of hypertonic saline led to the release of vasopressin and the excretion of concentrated urine. We propose that the basis for the lesion may be the transection of some, but not all, of the fibers connecting the osmostat and vasopressin release center. This partial transection could permit vasopressin to be secreted in response to a larger rise in plasma sodium concentration. This pathophysiologic analysis provided the basis for therapy to minimize the degree of polyuria.
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ranking = 1
keywords = diabetes insipidus, insipidus, diabetes
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6/65. Hyperintensity of posterior pituitary on MR T1WI in a boy with central diabetes insipidus caused by missense mutation of neurophysin II gene.

    We present a 10-year old boy with central diabetes insipidus (CDI) showing hyperintensity in a normal-sized posterior pituitary on magnetic resonance (MR) T1-weighted image (T1WI). He complained of nocturnal enuresis and polyuria. Daily urine volume increased to 4 to 5 L, and AVP plasma level was very low. polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-amplified exons of the arginine vasopressin (AVP)-neurophysin (NP) II gene were sequenced. Nucleotide-1884 guanine in Exon 2 was substituted with thymine, which induced a substitution of glycine for valine at amino acid position 65 in the NP II moiety. However, MR imaging showed hyperintensity in the posterior pituitary on T1WI. These results suggest that the MR findings of the posterior pituitary in CDI may vary.
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ranking = 1
keywords = diabetes insipidus, insipidus, diabetes
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7/65. Psychogenic diabetes insipidus in toddlers with compulsive bottle-drinking: not a rare entity.

    Psychogenic diabetes insipidus is commonly seen in adolescents but very rarely reported in toddlers. We report three toddlers who presented to our clinic with compulsive drinking behavior and polyuria. Laboratory work-up and water deprivation tests were consistent with psychogenic diabetes insipidus.
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ranking = 1.2
keywords = diabetes insipidus, insipidus, diabetes
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8/65. hyponatremia associated with desmopressin for the treatment of nocturnal polyuria.

    Desmopressin diacetate arginine vasopressin (DDAVP) is a synthetic analogue of the mammalian arginine vasopressin used in the treatment of central diabetes insipidus, bleeding disorders, and incontinence. The primary adverse reaction associated with DDAVP is hypotonic hyponatremia. hyponatremia has been reported in adults treated with DDAVP for Von Willebrand's disease and hemophilia and in children treated for enuresis, but as yet few cases of hyponatremia developing in enuretic adults treated with DDAVP have been reported. We report the cases of two elderly women taking DDAVP for nocturnal polyuria who developed severe hyponatremia. One patient died in the hospital.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = diabetes insipidus, insipidus, diabetes
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9/65. polyuria associated with an antibody to vasopressin.

    1. A patient with polyuria in whom diabetes insipidus had been diagnosed was treated with Pitressin. Resistance to this therapy developed after 18 months and a circulating antibody to vasopressin was then demonstrated. Withdrawal of therapy led to a fall in titre of the antibody and an increase in maximal urinary concentration. 2. The antibody to vasopressin was associated with the IgA fraction of the serum immunoglobulins and its characteristics are described.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = diabetes insipidus, insipidus, diabetes
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10/65. A novel mutation in the renal V2 receptor gene in a boy with trisomy 21.

    We describe for the first time an infant with down syndrome and congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI). The 11-day-old Japanese boy was admitted with failure to thrive and fever. polyuria (3,000-3,500 ml/m(2) per day), low urine specific gravity (1.001-1.002), and high plasma arginine vasopressin (AVP) (18.2 pg/ml) suggested NDI. Gene analysis confirmed the diagnosis of congenital NDI due to a novel mutation of the V2 receptor gene (L309P). He also had symptoms of down syndrome and karyotype analysis of the peripheral lymphocytes revealed trisomy 21. The relationship between pyelectasis and a risk of down syndrome is discussed.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = diabetes insipidus, insipidus, diabetes
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