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11/1279. Aortobronchial fistula after coarctation repair and blunt chest trauma.

    A 34-year-old man had development of an aortobronchial fistula 17 years after patch aortoplasty for correction of aortic coarctation and 5 years after blunt chest trauma, an unusual combination of predisposing factors. The clinical presentation, characterized by dysphonia and recurrent hemoptysis, and the surgical findings suggested the posttraumatic origin of the fistula, which was successfully managed by aortic resection and graft interposition under simple aortic cross-clamping, associated with partial pulmonary lobectomy. When hemoptysis occurs in a patient with a history of an aortic thoracic procedure, the presence of an aortobronchial fistula should be suspected. early diagnosis offers the only possibility of recovery through a lifesaving surgical procedure.
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ranking = 1
keywords = fistula
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12/1279. Bronchial-atrial fistula after lung transplant resulting in fatal air embolism.

    We describe a rare case of fatal air embolism in a patient in whom a left atrial-bronchial fistula developed 1 month after single lung transplant. The cause was a combination of mediastinal infection and bronchial necrosis.
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ranking = 0.71428571428571
keywords = fistula
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13/1279. Management of prostatic fistulas.

    Prostatic fistulas communicating with the rectum or perineal skin are unusual complications of a prostatic operation, pelvic trauma, prostatic abscess or other iatrogenic injury. A third of these fistulas may close spontaneously with proper urinary drainage and avoidance of fecal soilage. The many operative procedures described for the repair of these fistulas indicate that no ideal method of repair can be applied to every case. Operative management should be mandated by the size, location and duration of the fistula as well as by the surgeon's experience with the various anatomic approaches.
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ranking = 1.1428571428571
keywords = fistula
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14/1279. aneurysm of saphenous vein coronary bypass graft: diagnosis by computed tomography.

    A patient with a history of coronary artery bypass graft surgery underwent computed tomography scanning for evaluation of a lung mass. A heterogeneous mediastinal mass discovered incidentally on computed tomography scanning was shown to be a saphenous vein bypass graft aneurysm.
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ranking = 0.00011655555762801
keywords = dental
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15/1279. Therapeutic embolization for unusual latrogenic complications related to coronary revascularization.

    Percutaneous therapeutic embolization may be an effective strategy to manage distal coronary perforations or inadvertent iatrogenic coronary arteriovenous fistula complicating revascularization procedures. We present two cases in which embolization techniques were used to manage these patients and avoid the need for surgical intervention.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = fistula
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16/1279. Disseminated herpes simplex virus infection in a renal transplant patient as possible cause of repeated urinary extravasations.

    Disseminated herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infections are infrequent in patients receiving organ transplants, but usually have a poor outcome. We describe the case of a renal transplant patient who developed a disseminated HSV-2 infection with repeated urinary extravasations. The diagnosis was carried out using a multiplex polymerase chain reaction nested assay and it suggested HSV-2 as a possible cause of repeated urinary fistulas.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = fistula
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17/1279. External pancreatic fistula: a recent advance in management.

    The management of six consecutive recent cases of external pancreatic fistula is reported in which the use of total parenteral nutrition resulted in rapid closure of the fistula. The fistulae closed from 11 to 28 days after the commencement of total parenteral nutrition, with an average of 19 days. Surgical intervention to close the fistula was not required in any of the cases.
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ranking = 1.1428571428571
keywords = fistula
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18/1279. Partial regression of advanced cyclosporin-induced gingival hyperplasia after treatment with azithromycin. A case report.

    gingival hyperplasia is a well recognised complication of cyclosporin A therapy. Although its pathogenesis is still debated in several recent reports a second generation macrolide antibiotic-azithromycin induced partial or even complete regression of hyperplasia. We present a patient after kidney transplantation treated with cyclosporin who developed very advanced gigival overgrowth (stage 3 ). The patient received a 3-day treatment with azithromycin which was repeated after 3 months. The first course of the drug caused a partial regression of gingival hyperplasia during following months but the repeated treatment did not provide a further regression of the changes.
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ranking = 0.00029600480465471
keywords = gingival
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19/1279. Postparotidectomy fistula: a different treatment for an old problem.

    There is little consensus on the optimal management of postparotidectomy salivary fistulas. Timely treatment is important since fistulas may result in wound dehiscence and infection. Management options include pressure dressings, total parotidectomy, tympanic neurectomy, graft interpositioning, surgical closure of the tract, radiation therapy, and pharmacotherapy. Unfortunately, many therapies require weeks to months for resolution and possess additional risks. The affected patient often suffers social embarrassment from the drainage. Through our work with neurologically impaired children with sialorrhea, we have had success with using glycopyrrolate, an anticholinergic frequently used to decrease salivary secretions. We present a case of a patient with a postparotidectomy fistula which was successfully treated with glycopyrrolate and pressure dressings. The rationale and potential use of glycopyrrolate for the treatment of a salivary fistula are the focus of this presentation.
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ranking = 1.1428571428571
keywords = fistula
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20/1279. Successful transvaginal repair of a rectovaginal fistula developing after double-stapled anastomosis in low anterior resection: report of four cases.

    The management of postoperative rectovaginal fistula (RVF) after low anterior resection for rectal cancer is difficult and the results are often unsatisfactory. Among 140 patients with rectal cancer who underwent low anterior resection with a double-stapled anastomosis at our hospital between 1986 and 1996, 4 (2.9%) developed RVF as a postoperative complication. The RVF developed gradually from 9 to 128 days after low anterior resection. We describe herein our technique of using a modified transvaginal approach for RVF repair with a diverting colostomy. In all four patients, the RVFs were completely eradicated with reestablishment of intestinal continuity and did not recur during the mean follow-up period of 29.5 months, ranging from 12 to 67 months. This report serves to demonstrate that emerging RVFs secondary to stapled anastomosis in low anterior resection for rectal cancer must be recognized, and that a modified transvaginal approach provides an effective method of repair.
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ranking = 0.71428571428571
keywords = fistula
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