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1/78. Acute pancreatitis after gynecologic and obstetric surgery.

    OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to evaluate the prevalence and comorbidity of acute postoperative pancreatitis after gynecologic and obstetric surgery. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed the Mayo Medical Center surgical database (January 1953-January 1997) to identify all confirmed cases of acute pancreatitis occurring within the standard 6-week postoperative convalescence after obstetric and gynecologic surgical procedures. pancreatitis as a result of concurrent pancreatic or biliary surgery was excluded. Pertinent clinical data were reviewed. RESULTS: Eleven cases of postoperative pancreatitis were identified, with an overall incidence of 1 in 17,000 surgical procedures. Postoperative pancreatitis was more common after obstetric surgery. Identifiable risk factors were noted in 45% of cases, with occult cholelithiasis the predominant factor. Presenting signs and symptoms were primarily epigastric pain, oliguria, and ileus. Significant morbidity or mortality was noted in 27% of the cases. CONCLUSIONS: Acute postoperative pancreatitis is a rare complication after gynecologic and obstetric surgery. signs and symptoms of pancreatitis are nonspecific in the postoperative setting. Prompt diagnosis and supportive therapy are essential to minimize morbidity and mortality.
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ranking = 1
keywords = gynecologic
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2/78. Abdominal compartment syndrome in gynecologic surgery.

    BACKGROUND: Abdominal compartment syndrome is a rare condition in which increased intra-abdominal pressure adversely affects perfusion and viability of the viscera, and the cardiovascular, respiratory, and renal systems. The syndrome follows acute abdominal events such as abdominal trauma, intraperitoneal hemorrhage, or intra-abdominal infection. CASES: Two women who had abdominal hysterectomies postoperatively developed clinical features of multisystem failure with markedly elevated intra-abdominal pressures. The women, one with intra-abdominal infection and diffuse intestinal edema and one with intra-abdominal hemorrhage, were diagnosed by clinical exam and intravesical pressure measurements. Both had follow-up exploration and temporary placement of the small bowel and colon into an intestinal bag until adequate resuscitation was achieved. CONCLUSION: Abdominal compartment syndrome is a rare complication in gynecology that can be diagnosed early and decompressed promptly.
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ranking = 0.57142857142857
keywords = gynecologic
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3/78. Post-hysterectomy fallopian tube carcinoma presenting with a positive Papanicolaou smear.

    BACKGROUND: Fallopian tube carcinoma is a rare gynecologic malignancy. The majority of women present with vaginal bleeding and have advanced disease. CASE: A 76-year-old woman presented 34 years after vaginal hysterectomy with a routine Papanicolaou smear showing adenocarcinoma. Rectovaginal examination was remarkable for thickening at the vaginal apex. colposcopy found a pinpoint opening in this area, and a cytobrush passed through the opening confirmed adenocarcinoma. Pelvic ultrasound, computed tomography scan, and CA 125 were normal. At laparotomy, the right fallopian tube and ovary were adherent to the vaginal apex. A grade II papillary serous adenocarcinoma confined to the tube was discovered. CONCLUSION: According to a medline search, this is the third report detailing a unique presentation of fallopian tube carcinoma after hysterectomy and possibly the first detected with positive Papanicolaou cytology.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = gynecologic
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4/78. Anterolateral thigh fasciocutaneous flap in the difficult perineogenital reconstruction.

    A pedicled anterolateral thigh fasciocutaneous flap that was used to cover a complicated perineogenital defect after bilateral gracilis myocutaneous flap for perineal reconstruction is presented. The indications and advantages of this approach are outlined. This technique offers to the plastic surgeon and gynecologic oncologist a new option in the armamentarium for reconstruction of the perineum, and it offers the patient reduced donor-site morbidity.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = gynecologic
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5/78. Gynecologic effects of tamoxifen: case reports and review of the literature.

    The literature regarding the gynecologic effects of tamoxifen contains very little data on the vagina and lower urinary tract. The authors present two patients receiving tamoxifen who had gynecologic surgery complications that could be associated with tamoxifen use. Both patients had poor healing which improved when the tamoxifen was discontinued. Possible explanations are given for this observation based on what is known about this unusual drug. Owing to the success of tamoxifen in breast cancer patients, its use is currently being extended to include groups of healthy women at risk for the development of breast cancer. Because the number of women receiving tamoxifen may be increasing the authors include a review of its effects, with which all health care providers caring for women should be familiar.
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ranking = 0.28571428571429
keywords = gynecologic
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6/78. urinary tract injuries during advanced gynecologic laparoscopy.

    urinary tract injuries are important complications of laparoscopic surgery. The intraoperative diagnosis may be delayed, resulting in severe clinical complications, such as fistulas, in the immediate and late postoperative periods. A review of 776 endoscopic procedures revealed 6 urinary tract injuries and postoperative complications during laparoscopy. We believe that surgical experience, intraoperative diagnosis, immediate repair of the lesion, and close follow-up are the main factors contributing to decreased morbidity associated with these injuries.
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ranking = 0.57142857142857
keywords = gynecologic
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7/78. Radical abdominal trachelectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy with uterine conservation and subsequent pregnancy in the treatment of early invasive cervical cancer.

    BACKGROUND: Recently, pregnancies in patients after radical vaginal trachelectomy and laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy have been reported. Radical abdominal trachelectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy with uterine conservation has been previously described; however, subsequent outcome and pregnancy has not. methods: Three patients with cervical carcinoma, 1 with stage IA1 with lymph-vascular space invasion and 2 with stage IA2, were treated with radical abdominal trachelectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy with uterine conservation. RESULTS: All patients underwent the planned procedure with no significant intraoperative or postoperative complications. All patients had return to normal menstrual function. One patient had a successful pregnancy delivered at 39 weeks by cesarean section and is now subsequently pregnant with a second pregnancy. CONCLUSION: Radical abdominal trachelectomy is a technically feasible operation that uses operative techniques familiar to the American-trained gynecologic oncologist and results in wider parametrial resection than radical vaginal trachelectomy. In young patients desiring to retain fertility, successful pregnancies after radical abdominal trachelectomy are possible. Intraoperative and postoperative complications are likely to be lower with an abdominal versus a vaginal approach. Long-term survival of patients treated with radical trachelectomy for early invasive cervical cancer are yet to be determined.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = gynecologic
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8/78. Ureteral injury presenting with hyponatremia.

    BACKGROUND: Ureteral injuries in gynecologic surgery, although rare, classically present with a well-described constitution of symptoms. hyponatremia in association with ureteral injury has not been described. CASE: A 44-year-old multiparous woman presented with chronic pelvic pain and a persistent adnexal mass underwent exploratory laparotomy, lysis of adhesions, and left salpingo-oophorectomy. On postoperative day 5, she demonstrated classic signs and symptoms of ureteral obstruction. In addition, she developed hyponatremia with a serum sodium concentration of 124 mEq/L that immediately resolved after percutaneous drainage of the urinoma. CONCLUSION: hyponatremia may develop with untreated and unrecognized ureteral injuries. serum electrolytes may be helpful in the evaluation of suspected ureteral injury.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = gynecologic
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9/78. Heterotopic pregnancy: report of three cases.

    OBJECTIVE: Heterotopic pregnancy, defined as concomitant intrauterine and ectopic pregnancy, is a rare event. Assisted reproductive technologies have led to an increase in the number of heterotopic pregnancies. MATERIALS AND METHOD: From 1997 to 1999 three cases of heterotopic pregnancies were referred to the gynecological unit of the hospital of St. Polten. The condition was diagnosed at 7, 8 and 12 weeks of gestation, respectively. Two patients had undergone assisted reproductive technologies and former pelvic surgery for tubal pregnancy. Two patients had intrauterine singleton pregnancies and one patient had an intrauterine twin pregnancy. In all cases the ectopic site presented as a ruptured tubal pregnancy and the treatment consisted of laparoscopic salpingectomy. RESULTS: In all patients the postoperative course was uneventful and the intrauterine pregnancy progressed. In one case recurrent preterm labor led to vaginal delivery at 33 weeks of pregnancy. In the case of twin pregnancy, a planned cesarean section was performed at 37 weeks of gestation. One patient delivered at term. All newborns were healthy. CONCLUSION: knowledge of heterotopic pregnancy and understanding the epidemiological risk factors underlying this condition are important for early diagnosis with the aim of improving therapy and clinical outcome.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = gynecologic
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10/78. Value of the erythrocyte sedimentation rate in gynecologic infections.

    The ESR remains a valuable test in gynecology, specifically when obtained sequentially in cases of pelvic infection. It is nonspecific but has much merit in assessing prognosis and therapeutic measures. In conjunction with laparoscopy and diagnostic ultrasound it plays an important part in the evaluation of abdominal and pelvic infections.
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ranking = 0.57142857142857
keywords = gynecologic
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