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1/76. Managing a dropped nucleus during the phacoemulsification learning curve.

    Three patients had a pars plana vitrectomy to remove retained nuclei within 72 hours after phacoemulsification performed by a surgeon making the transition from extra-capsular cataract extraction to phacoemulsification. After vitrectomy, the nuclei were brought to the midvitreous cavity from the retinal surface with a posterior segment phacofragmenter, emulsified, and completely removed. Then, a posterior chamber intraocular lens was implanted in the sulcus through the previous cataract surgery incision and remained well centered postoperatively. postoperative complications included cystoid macular edema in 1 patient and choroidal detachment in another. No other complications were detected. Final visual acuity ranged from 20/60 to 20/30.
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2/76. A false-positive Seidel test after Ahmed valve insertion.

    An 80-year-old monocular man with long-standing primary open angle glaucoma underwent successful filtering surgery in his sighted right eye in 1980. He subsequently developed a cataract and had an uncomplicated clear cornea phacoemulsification with posterior chamber intraocular lens in 1996. Post-operatively, the filtration bleb remained very avascular but shallowed; the intraocular pressure increased and remained uncontrolled despite maximally tolerated medical therapy. His vision improved to 6/7.5 and automated perimetry revealed a less than 5 degrees small central island of vision. His left eye was phthisical with no light perception.
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keywords = phacoemulsification
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3/76. Accumulation of milky fluid: a late complication of cataract surgery.

    We describe 3 patients who presented with an accumulation of homogeneous milky fluid in the capsular bag several years after continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis, phacoemulsification, and posterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. In each case, the entire edge of the anterior capsule opening was tightly attached to the peripheral IOL optic. The milky fluid was present in the closed chamber between the IOL optic and the posterior capsule. The fluid was sampled in 2 patients, and its concentration of sodium hyaluronate was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. The concentration of sodium hyaluronate resembled that in normal aqueous humor. In 1 case, the protein concentration was measured and found to be elevated. electrophoresis showed that human serum albumin was the main protein constituent. While the outcome was favorable in all 3 patients, this delayed complication of cataract surgery merits further study to clarify its etiology and pathogenesis.
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keywords = phacoemulsification
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4/76. Two cases of late postoperative capsular block syndrome.

    Two cases of late postoperative capsular block syndrome that occurred 4 and 8.5 years, respectively, were encountered. One case underwent phacoemulsification after continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis in his left eye. The other case had a can opener type capsulorhexis and underwent extracapsular cataract extraction with trabeculectomy. One-piece posterior chamber lenses were implanted in both cases. Upon slit-lamp examination, the posterior capsules were found distorted posteriorly; the capsular openings were apparently sealed by the lens optic. A whitish material existed between the intraocular lens optic and posterior capsule, with thick aggregation in a lower fifth space in case 1. After Nd:YAG laser anterior capsulotomy in case 1, the thick aggregate spread diffusely on the posterior capsule which was sunken completely for 4 weeks. After Nd:YAG capsulotomy, the distorted posterior capsule disappeared and the best corrected visual acuity was restored to 20/20 in both cases.
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keywords = phacoemulsification
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5/76. alcaligenes xylosoxidans and propionibacterium acnes postoperative endophthalmitis in a pseudophakic eye.

    PURPOSE: To report a case of persistent polymicrobial postoperative endophthalmitis caused by alcaligenes xylosoxidans and propionibacterium acnes in a pseudophakic eye. A. xylosoxidans is a gram-negative bacteria resistant to most antibiotics. methods: Case report. RESULTS: A 72-year-old man presented with clinical signs of endophthalmitis on the first postoperative day after a phacoemulsification procedure with posterior chamber intraocular lens, left eye. Initial treatment included topical, subconjunctival, and oral antibiotics. After initial clearing, there was recrudescence of infection on postoperative day 37 that prompted referral of the patient to the Cullen eye Institute. Treatment at that time included anterior chamber and vitreous taps with intravitreal antibiotic injections. Complete pars plana vitrectomy and intraocular lens explantation were eventually required because of persistent infection with a resistant organism. Cultures from the first procedure grew A. xylosoxidans and P. acnes. Cultures from the vitrectomy grew only A. xylosoxidans. At the final follow-up visit 6 months after the initial procedure. The eye was without inflammation with best-corrected visual acuity of 20/40. CONCLUSION: Both A. xylosoxidans and P. acnes can cause chronic progressive endophthalmitis after cataract extraction often resistant to corrective antibiotic therapy. Successful intervention may require complete vitrectomy with intraocular lens and capsule removal.
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keywords = phacoemulsification
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6/76. Postoperative deposition of calcium on the surfaces of a hydrogel intraocular lens.

    OBJECTIVE: To report clinical, pathological and histochemical features of 5 Hydroview intraocular lenses (IOLs) explanted from five patients who had visual disturbances caused by postoperative deposits on the lens surfaces. DESIGN: Noncomparative small case series with clinicopathologic and histochemical correlations. PARTICIPANTS: Five hydrophilic IOLs explanted from five different patients. All patients presented with decreased visual acuity and glare circa 12 months after uneventful phacoemulsification and IOL implantation, associated with a red-brown granularity on the optical surfaces of the IOLs. methods: The lenses were explanted, fixed in buffered formaldehyde and examined by gross and light microscopy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Staining of the IOLs with 1% alizarin red and with the von Kossa method (both stains for calcium). Two additional IOLs were also stained and included as controls. RESULTS: The optical surfaces of all five IOLs were covered by a layer of irregular granular deposits, composed of multiple fine, translucent spherical-ovoid granules. The deposits stained positive for calcium in all cases. No deposit or positive staining was observed on the IOLs haptics. Staining of the control IOLs was also negative. CONCLUSION: This is the first histopathological report of calcified deposits on the surfaces of this hydrogel IOL model. Further studies on other similar cases with this lens should be done to determine the incidence and possible mechanisms of this phenomenon.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = phacoemulsification
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7/76. Early decentration of plate-haptic silicone intraocular lenses.

    We report 4 eyes of a consecutive series of 1299 that developed early decentration of a 10.5 mm diameter plate-haptic silicone intraocular lens (IOL) after uneventful phacoemulsification. All eyes had an intact continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (CCC) with the IOL placed in the capsular bag. After an initial period of good vision, patients noted the onset of glare or monocular diplopia between 1 and 5 weeks after surgery. On examination, there was no significant anterior capsule contraction; however, the edge of the IOL optic was visible in the undilated pupil. There was adhesion between the anterior and posterior capsules at the margin of the CCC that maintained the IOL decentration. Decentration recurred in 1 eye after the IOL was rotated 90 degrees and recentered. Symptoms resolved in 3 eyes after the IOL was removed and replaced with a rigid IOL with a larger diameter optic.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = phacoemulsification
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8/76. Delayed-onset postoperative endophthalmitis caused by hafnia alvei.

    PURPOSE: To identify hafnia alvei as an etiological factor of delayed-onset endophthalmitis. CASE REPORT: A 68-year-old woman had uneventful cataract extraction by phacoemulsification with foldable posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation under topical anesthesia in the left eye. Four weeks later, the patient presented anterior uveitis treated by topical corticosteroids. Seven weeks later a posterior uveitis with retinal vasculitis appeared. The patient was treated by systemic and intravitreal corticosteroids without result. Due to the poor course pars plana vitrectomy was done, and a vitreous sample was taken. Microbiologic examination disclosed hafnia alvei, gram-negative bacteria rarely isolated from human specimens. CONCLUSIONS: hafnia alvei should be considered in the etiology of delayed-onset endophthalmitis.
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keywords = phacoemulsification
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9/76. Acute bilateral postoperative endophthalmitis in a HLA-DQ5-positive patient: possible susceptibility to infections.

    An unusual case of bilateral acute endophthalmitis in association with the HLA-DQ5 histocompatibility antigen is reported. A 35-year-old woman with high myopia and cataracts in both eyes underwent phacoemulsification procedures performed in separate sessions using different viscoelastic substances and following the same strict prophylactic measures. After each surgical procedure, she developed S. epidermidis acute endophthalmitis in the right eye and propionibacterium acnes acute endophthalmitis in the left eye; both were successfully treated with capsular bag irrigation and intracameral vancomycin (1 mg/0.1 mL). She tested positive for the HLA-DQ5 (DQ1), DQ2 antigen. The question is raised as to whether the HLA-DQ5 histocompatibility antigen may be a predisposing factor for both staphylococcal and P. Acnes acute endophthalmitis. A multicenter prospective study is proposed to identify this HLA antigen in all patients scheduled for cataract surgery who have a history of postoperative endophthalmitis in the fellow eye.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = phacoemulsification
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10/76. Capsular block syndrome associated with secondary angle-closure glaucoma.

    An 83-year-old man who had phacoemulsification and ciliary sulcus fixation of a posterior chamber intraocular lens developed capsular block syndrome with secondary glaucoma 1 year after surgery. The glaucoma resolved, and vision returned immediately after a neodymium:YAG laser capsulotomy was performed. Capsular block syndrome with secondary angle-closure glaucoma should be considered in pseudophakic patients presenting with increased intraocular pressure and a narrow angle.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = phacoemulsification
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