Cases reported "Postoperative Hemorrhage"

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1/130. Multiple postoperative intracerebral haematomas remote from the site of craniotomy.

    A postoperative haemorrhage is a common and serious complication of a neurosurgical procedure. It usually occurs at the site of the surgery, but on occasion a postoperative haematoma is found at a distance from the previous craniotomy. Multiple postoperative haemorrhages are extremely rare. We report the case of a 63-year-old woman, operated on for the removal of a supratentorial astrocytoma, who developed in the early post-operative period multiple bilateral intracerebral haematomas without involvement of the surgical bed.
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keywords = operative
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2/130. Shunt control of bleeding after homograft replacement of the ascending aorta.

    Homograft replacement of the ascending aorta with replacement of the coronary arteries often is accompanied by significant postoperative bleeding from the suture lines that often requires a second exploratory operation. These events occur despite a meticulous operative technique and pharmacologic hemostatic agents. We used hemostatic material to cover the homograft as patch to create a watertight seal and placed a left-to-right shunt to control bleeding.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = operative
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3/130. Perioperative management of a patient with Werlhof disease undergoing myocardial revascularization.

    We herein report the case of a patient with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (Werlhof disease) and coronary artery disease undergoing myocardial revascularization. The use of monomeric immunoglobulins, corticosteroids, platelets transfusion, use of a cell saver, normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass, aprotinine and homologous blood transfusion were combined in order to minimize the risk of bleeding complications in the postoperative period.
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ranking = 0.625
keywords = operative
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4/130. Cerebellar hemorrhage after supratentorial surgery for treatment of epilepsy: report of three cases.

    OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: We report three cases of cerebellar hemorrhage complicating supratentorial craniotomies for the treatment of epilepsy. In a literature review, we identified only four similar cases of cerebellar hemorrhage after temporal lobectomy for the treatment of epilepsy. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND RESULTS: Three young and otherwise healthy patients underwent frontal, occipital, and temporal resections for the treatment of refractory epilepsy. The hemorrhage manifested as peduncular tremor, ataxia, and decerebrate posturing presenting early in the postoperative period. The diagnosis was established by computed tomography and/or magnetic resonance imaging. Benign outcomes were observed for all patients. CONCLUSION: Based on the available data, it is our opinion that brain dislocation resulting from excessive intraoperative cerebrospinal fluid drainage is a possible mechanism for this rare complication of supratentorial craniotomy. The overdrainage seems to be less hazardous when the procedure is performed for the removal of space-occupying mass lesions. In contrast, the resection of nonexpanding tissues, such as in lobectomies for the treatment of epilepsy, may be an additional risk factor, because the incidence of this complication seems to be higher in these situations.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = operative
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5/130. Bleeding through the fiber interstices of a knitted dacron graft 12 years after its implantation: report of a case.

    We present herein the case of a 65-year-old man who suddenly developed fresh perigraft bleeding into the space between a knitted Dacron bifurcated graft and the aneurysmal sac, 12 years after undergoing graft replacement. Intraoperative findings did not show Dacron fiber degeneration at the nonanastomotic sites or a pseudoaneurysm at the anastomotic site. Widened Dacron fiber interstices resulting from graft dilation without sufficient graft healing was thought to have caused delayed hemorrhage through the macroscopically intact graft material, followed by massive clot retention between the graft and the aneurysmal sac. This case report serves to demonstrate that careful long-term follow-up is essential for patients who have undergone vascular graft replacement.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = operative
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6/130. Aortopulmonary collateral artery embolization during postoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation after arterial switch procedure.

    Aortopulmonary collateral arteries sometimes complicate cyanotic congenital heart defects. Combined with a relevant left-right shunt, this could result in massive airway bleeding during and after corrective surgery. A preoperatively diagnosed 1.2 mm small aortopulmonary collateral artery in a newborn suffering from transposition of the great arteries caused life-threatening airway bleeding during surgery. Postoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was necessary, and coil embolization was performed on ECMO to terminate pulmonary bleeding.
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ranking = 0.75
keywords = operative
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7/130. extracorporeal membrane oxygenation discontinuation despite technically successful reoperation: A case report.

    death remains a probable outcome of pediatric cardiac extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) despite increasing efforts to improve the results. On venoarterial ECMO, in an obviously hopeless situation, the decision to withdraw a life supporting measure resulting in the sudden death of a child places a heavy burden on the team. After valvulotomy of critical aortic stenosis in a prenatally diagnosed term neonate, ECMO had to be installed during postoperative resuscitation. Despite technically successful homograft implantation while on ECMO complicated by postoperative bleeding, advancing multiorgan failure resulted in ECMO withdrawal. As shown in this case report, exact termination criteria are lacking but are necessary to prevent increasing team and resource related conflicts in pediatric cardiac ECMO.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = operative
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8/130. Changes in hemostatic mechanisms associated with operative laparoscopy.

    A 19-year-old woman underwent laparoscopic resection of extensive endometriosis of the cul-de-sac. At completion of surgery the abdomen was deflated for 3 minutes with the patient still in Trendelenburg position, before she was reexamined for intraoperative bleeding. The patient was taken back to surgery 7 hours postoperatively to arrest hemorrhage.
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ranking = 0.75
keywords = operative
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9/130. Massive postoperative swelling of the tongue: manual decompression and tactile intubation as a life-saving measure.

    Massive swelling of the tongue due to haemorrhage is a rare but potentially fatal complication secondary to trauma, surgery, tumour invasion or uncontrolled anticoagulant therapy. This article presents a report of bleeding from the left lingual artery secondary to elective excision of a lipoma of the floor of the mouth and subsequent life-threatening upper airway obstruction. In this case, the upper airway obstruction was managed by manual decompression of the tongue and tactile nasal intubation. To our knowledge this case provides the first description of using this method in life-threatening upper airway obstruction caused by massive haemorrhagic swelling of the tongue.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = operative
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10/130. Recombinant hirudin anticoagulation for aortic valve replacement in heparin-induced thrombocytopenia.

    PURPOSE: To report the case of a patient with HIT that received a prolonged infusion of r-hirudin (lepirudin; Refludan; Hoechst, france) before, during and after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) for aortic surgery. Although administration of r-hirudin for CPB anticoagulation has previously been reported, many questions persist concerning the best therapeutic regimen for CPB anticoagulation as well as the time of onset and the doses for postoperative anticoagulation. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 65-yr-old man was admitted for surgery of aortic stenosis after an episode of acute pulmonary edema complicated by deep venous thrombosis in the context of documented HIT. The patient received r-hirudin for 13 dy before surgery at doses (0.4 mg x kg(-1) bolus followed by 0.15 mg x kg(-1) x hr(-1) continuous infusion) that maintained activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) ratios between 2 and 2.5. Anticoagulation for CPB was performed with r-hirudin given as 0.1 mg x kg(-1) i.v. bolus and 0.2 mg kg(-1) in the CPB priming volume. Anticoagulation during CPB was monitored with the whole blood activated coagulation time and ecarin clotting time (ECT) performed in the operating room with values corresponding to r-hirudin concentrations >5 microg x ml(-1) during CPB. Anticoagulation during CPB was uneventful. Two bleeding episodes, related to the r-hirudin regimen and necessitating allogeneic blood transfusion, occurred after surgery. CONCLUSION: This case report confirms previous experience of the use of r-hirudin for anticoagulation during CPB and provides additional information in the context of prolonged r-hirudin infusion before and after CPB.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = operative
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