Cases reported "Pregnancy, Ectopic"

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1/737. Laparoscopic hernias: two case reports and a review of the literature.

    Laparoscopic operations are becoming more common and replacing more traditional surgical procedures. As a result, radiologists should be aware of some of the unique complications that may occur from these types of procedures. We report two cases of incarcerated bowel hernias in lateral trocar sites. ( info)

2/737. Ultrasound evaluation of a near-term abdominal ectopic pregnancy.

    Ultrasound confirmation of an abdominal ectopic pregnancy was established by the demonstration of an enlarged but empty uterus and the delineation of the fetal head within the abdominal cavity. Other portions of the fetus could not be demonstrated. The margins and attachments of the placenta could not be accurately delineated prospectively. ( info)

3/737. uterine artery embolization--a successful treatment to control bleeding cervical pregnancy with a simultaneous intrauterine gestation.

    A case of a woman suffering from a bleeding heterotopic cervical pregnancy is described. The concurrent cervical pregnancy and intrauterine gestation were diagnosed by ultrasound and bleeding was initially controlled with selective fluoroscopic uterine artery embolization. A selective fetal reduction was done with ultrasound-guided intracardiac potassium chloride. uterine artery embolization has been used successfully to control haemorrhage in cervical pregnancies when the main goal was to allow preservation of the uterus, thus maintaining potential fertility. This is the first report of arterial embolization used to control bleeding for maintaining a concurrent intrauterine heterotopic pregnancy in an in-vitro fertilization patient. Unfortunately, subsequent conservative measures led to undesired outcome. This procedure initially controlled the bleeding without disrupting the intrauterine fetal cardiac activity. ( info)

4/737. Acute abdominal pain and urgency to defecate in the young and the old: a useful symptom-complex?

    In the belief that "pattern recognition" is an important first step of the diagnostic process, we report our observation of an uncommon and heretofore poorly documented symptom-complex in 10 patients, and suggest that the constellation of abdominal pain and urgency to defecate in the acutely ill surgical patient should raise the diagnostic possibility of intra-abdominal bleeding. In our experience, this is statistically likely to be associated with a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm in the old and a ruptured ectopic pregnancy in the young. ( info)

5/737. Ovarian pregnancies with Dalkon Shield IUCDs in situ: laparoscopic visualization.

    Two ovarian pregnancies coexistent with intra-uterine contraceptive devices are described. In one case, the ovary appeared to contain a cyst at laparoscopy and rupture of the cyst and extrusion of the fetus were witnessed. In the second case, a hemorrhagic ovarian cyst bled at laparoscopy and laparotomy resulted in the diagnosis of ovarian pregnancy. These two cases reveal that laparoscopic examination could be misleading and result in inappropriate management if the diagnosis of ovarian pregnancy is not entertained. The cases described add to the growing number of reports of extrauterine pregnancies occurring in patients using intra-uterine contraceptive devices. ( info)

6/737. Arteriovenous malformation of mesosalpinx associated with a 'vanishing' ectopic pregnancy: diagnosis with three-dimensional color power angiography.

    We describe two cases of pelvic arteriovenous malformation diagnosed with the aid of three-dimensional color power angiography. In both cases, beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG) increased to significant levels (8413 and 1560 mIU/ml, respectively); however, neither an intrauterine nor an adnexal gestational sac could be found. In each case, we observed an adnexal mass with several tortuous areas exhibiting abundant turbulent flow. The diagnosis of arteriovenous malformation was made and further assessment by three-dimensional color power angiography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was carried out. The complex vascular anatomy of arteriovenous malformation, including its feeding vessels and drainage, was clearly depicted by three-dimensional color power angiography and correlated well with magnetic resonance angiography. Levels of beta-hCG decreased in subsequent tests, and eventually became negative 2-3 months later without and intervention. We believe that an involutional ectopic pregnancy induced the rapid growth of the arteriovenous malformations within the mesosalpinx. Three-dimensional color power angiography can be performed quickly and easily, using existing ultrasound equipment. It improves our understanding of complicated vasculature, and thus is a useful adjunct to two-dimensional and color Doppler ultrasound in the diagnosis of arteriovenous malformation. ( info)

7/737. Conservative treatment by angiographic uterine artery embolization of a 12 week cervical ectopic pregnancy.

    A 32 year old woman, gravid 1, nulliparous, was admitted to our department at 11 weeks and 2 days of gestation after being diagnosed with cervical pregnancy. She was unsuccessfully treated with methotrexate for 5 days. On the fifth day after admission she underwent bilateral uterine artery angiographic embolization followed by vacuum evacuation and curettage of the cervical canal. A Foley catheter was also inserted in the cervical canal and left in place for 4 days. The patient was discharged in good condition on the seventh postoperative day. ( info)

8/737. Cervical pregnancy--a conservative stepwise approach.

    A case of cervical pregnancy resistant to intramuscular methotrexate therapy is presented, which was successfully treated by intra-arterial methotrexate followed by selective prophylactic hypogastric artery embolization to avoid aggravating the vaginal bleeding. It is suggested that, in cervical pregnancies in which fertility preservation is desired, a stepwise conservative approach should be applied before resorting to surgical intervention. ( info)

9/737. Laparoscopic management of an ectopic pregnancy in a previous Caesarean section scar.

    A case of laparoscopic management of an ectopic pregnancy in a previous Caesarean section scar is reported. A 30 year old woman was admitted to our hospital for profuse vaginal bleeding 2 weeks after an abortion had been performed. A urine pregnancy test was positive. Abdominal ultrasound revealed a well-encapsulated bulging mass over the lower anterior uterine wall measuring 7x5 cm. hysteroscopy revealed retained gestational tissue in the lower corpus despite a normal uterine cavity. An incision was made over the most prominent area of the mass by operative laparoscopy. Dark reddish tissue suggestive of the products of conception was removed using grasping forceps. One-layer of continuous endoscopic sutures along the affected uterine wall was made with 1-0 Prolene. laparoscopy enabled the successful treatment of an unruptured ectopic pregnancy in a previous Caesarean scar and made it possible to preserve the patient's reproductive capability. ( info)

10/737. Pelvic arterial embolization for control of obstetric hemorrhage: a five-year experience.

    OBJECTIVE: Obstetric hemorrhage is a significant cause of maternal morbidity and death. postpartum hemorrhage that cannot be controlled by local measures has traditionally been managed by bilateral uterine artery or hypogastric artery ligation. These techniques have a high failure rate, often resulting in hysterectomy. In contrast, endovascular embolization techniques have a success rate of >90%. An additional benefit of the latter procedure is that fertility is maintained. We report our experience at Stanford University Medical Center in which this technique was used in 6 cases within the past 5 years. STUDY DESIGN: Six women between the ages of 18 and 41 years underwent placement of arterial catheters for emergency (n = 3) or prophylactic (n = 3) control of postpartum bleeding. Specific diagnoses included cervical pregnancy (n = 1), uterine atony (n = 3), and placenta previa and accreta (n = 2). RESULTS: Control of severe or anticipated postpartum hemorrhage was obtained with transcatheter embolization in 4 patients. A fifth patient had balloon occlusion of the uterine artery performed prophylactically, but embolization was not necessary. In a sixth case, bleeding could not be controlled in time, and hysterectomy was performed. The only complication observed with this technique was postpartum fever in 1 patient, which was treated with antibiotics and resolved within 7 days. CONCLUSIONS: uterine artery embolization is a superior first-line alternative to surgery for control of obstetric hemorrhage. Use of transcatheter occlusion balloons before embolization allows timely control of bleeding and permits complete embolization of the uterine arteries and hemostasis. Given the improved ultrasonography techniques, diagnosis of some potential high-risk conditions for postpartum hemorrhage, such as placenta previa or accreta, can be made prenatally. The patient can then be prepared with prophylactic placement of arterial catheters, and rapid occlusion of these vessels can be achieved if necessary. ( info)
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