Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/68. Bone tumors in the pelvis presenting growth during pregnancy.

    Among 56 cases of a giant cell tumor of bone (GCT) and 52 cases of chondrosarcoma (CSA) in our series, four patients were discovered to have a tumor in the pelvic bone that grew in size during pregnancy. These four rare cases are described here. They include three cases of a GCT in the sacrum and one case of a CSA in the innominate bone. The dextran-coated charcoal assay and immunohistochemical techniques demonstrated the independence of these tumors from hormonal regulation despite the growth stimulated during pregnancy. It was concluded that the delay in detection of these tumors in the pelvis was just related to the opportunity afforded for unexpected growth during pregnancy. Surgical management was difficult due to the delay in tumor detection. The initial complaints such as pain, discomfort, or numbness around the pelvis were misinterpreted as symptoms of pregnancy. It should be kept in mind that during pregnancy, any pain or numbness in the pelvic region could be the direct result of a tumor in the pelvic bone.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = bone
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/68. Focal aneurysmal dilatation of subchorionic vessels simulating chorioangioma.

    Subchorionic vascular aneurysms of the placenta are rare lesions and may present confusion with chorioangioma or focal mesenchymal dysplasia on sonography. To our knowledge, the findings of placental aneurysms have not been reported in the ultrasound literature. We present a case with detailed sonographic evaluation, including spectral and color Doppler and pathological analysis, that was mistaken for chorioangioma prenatally. knowledge of this benign entity may allow the sonologist to recommend conservative management in similar cases.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.30121095133798
keywords = dysplasia
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/68. Management of cancer in pregnancy: a case of Ewing's sarcoma of the pelvis in the third trimester.

    Ewing's sarcoma of the pelvic bones was diagnosed in a 21-year childbearing woman, raising major medical and ethical problems. The diagnostic and therapeutic approaches during the sixth month of gestation were tailored in order to cure the patient and avoid unnecessary toxicity to the fetus. Ancillary tests included ultrasound and MRI studies of the pelvis. ifosfamide and adriamycin, premedicated by granisetron, were administered during gestation, and were found to be safe. cesarean section was the preferred way of delivery since the tumor involved the pelvic bones. The outcome was a disease-free patient and a small healthy baby who is now two years of age.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = bone
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/68. Chemotherapy during pregnancy and its effects on the fetus--neonatal myelosuppression: two case reports.

    Cancer during pregnancy is infrequent. It presents an ethical dilemma--remission may be obtained with chemotherapy, but it has potential harmful effects to the fetus. We report a case of a very low birth weight preterm female infant born to a 21-year-old mother diagnosed with leukemia and given chemotherapy up to 1 week before delivery. In the laboratory, initial findings included severe pancytopenia, and bone marrow aspiration demonstrated complete aplasia. She was given blood product transfusions, erythropoietin, and granulocyte colony stimulating factor. The hematologic derangement was resolved without documented infections. The second case is a preterm male infant whose 30-year-old mother was diagnosed with lymphoma and had received chemotherapy during the third trimester. The infant presented with moderate leukopenia. He had an uneventful course without documented infection. Exposure of the fetus to transplacental chemotherapy must be considered when evaluating therapy options and timing of delivery in hematologic malignancies diagnosed during pregnancy.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.25
keywords = bone
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/68. Recurrent leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata exacerbated by in vitro fertilization.

    leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata is a rare disease that is most often discovered during pregnancy or in patients with a history of oral contraceptive use. We report the first case of a patient with the disease who conceived by in vitro fertilization and the complications that occurred.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3215.9342511387
keywords = disseminata
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/68. Choroidal metastasis presented as the initial symptom of the recurrence from ovarian endometrioid adenocarcinoma: A case report.

    Choroidal metastasis from recurrent ovarian cancer is extremely rare. To our knowledge, this report is the first such case of endometrioid adenocarcinoma. A 30-year-old pregnant woman presented to an ophthalmologist in January 1999 because of a rapid visual deterioration. Ophthalmologic evaluation revealed a metastatic choroidal tumor from ovarian cancer which had been diagnosed 10 years ago. After cesarean section, multiple metastases were found including the choroid, scalp, bone, and lung, and she received four courses of single agent carboplatin chemotherapy. She died of disease in July 1999. This case highlights the need to investigate the etiology of visual complaints in patients with a history of ovarian cancer even in the early stage.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.25
keywords = bone
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/68. Congenital nasopharyngeal teratoma (epignathus).

    The case report of a congenital nasopharyngeal teratoma presented as an intra-amniotic sac mass was described. Histologically, the tumor was composed of highly differentiated tissue derived from three germ layers. Those tissues were partially developed as infant organs with a central core made up by bone. Haphazardly arrangement of such tissues with disorganized sketal axis helped in differentiating the mass from an asymmetric twins. The evidence of tumor attachment was seen at the retro-uvular region.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.25
keywords = bone
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/68. Treatment of myxoid liposarcoma in pregnancy.

    Two cases of pregnancy associated with myxoid liposarcoma are presented. Both patients were treated with hyperthermoradiotherapy after the induced delivery of healthy infants and by surgical excision of the tumor 5 to 7 weeks after delivery. No local recurrence or distant metastasis occurred; the children have progressed normally for 4 and 5 years, respectively, after surgery. Because coexistence of pregnancy and sarcoma is rare, it is difficult for the clinician to develop an appropriate approach to the management of bone and soft tissue sarcoma during pregnancy. The literature was reviewed regarding the effect that pregnancy may have on the clinical behavior of sarcoma and the effect treatment for sarcoma may have on the fetus.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.25
keywords = bone
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/68. Mesenchymal dysplasia of the placenta.

    A severe case of placental mesenchymal dysplasia occurred in association with intrauterine fetal death (IUFD). The gravida-1, para-1 mother was a 26-year-old Japanese. The first pregnancy was unremarkable and a healthy female infant was delivered. The present pregnancy had been uneventful until 34 weeks of gestation when IUFD was detected. The 1516-g (mean /- SD, 2050 /- 387 g) stillborn infant had no external abnormalities and the karyotype was 46,XX. The placenta was markedly enlarged (1050 g; mean /- SD, 452 /- 202 g), and approximately 80% was occupied by extraordinary enlarged villous structures with a myxoid appearance. Histologically, the dysplastic villi had myxoid stroma and a decreased number of, occasionally obliterated, fetal vessels. There was no abnormal trophoblastic proliferation. Large-sized fetal vessels in the chorionic plate frequently contained organized thrombi. This is the first case of placental mesenchymal dysplasia, which possibly lead to the IUFD.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.8072657080279
keywords = dysplasia
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/68. leukemia in pregnancy and fetal response to multiagent chemotherapy.

    BACKGROUND: leukemia is rare in pregnancy and treatment with intensive, multiagent chemotherapy produces complete remission in most adults, but might have deleterious effects on fetuses. CASE: A 24-year-old gravida 3 para 2 presented at 24 weeks with pruritus, rash, pancytopenia, and hepatitis. A bone marrow biopsy found acute lymphocytic leukemia. She completed three cycles of intensive multiagent chemotherapy with transient oligohydramnios in each cycle. Although there was decreased fetal growth rate, umbilical artery Doppler scans were normal. She delivered a normal 2150-g male infant at 36 weeks. CONCLUSION: pregnant women with newly diagnosed leukemia should not delay treatment, but multiagent chemotherapy might have transient effects on fetuses, most notably oligohydramnios. However, if fetal testing is normal, delivery might not be indicated.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.25
keywords = bone
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.