Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

11/48. Maternal and fetal outcomes in pregnancy complicated with acute leukemia: a single institutional experience with 10 pregnancies at 16 years.

    The incidence of acute leukemia in pregnancy is low and the management of acute leukemia during pregnancy is difficult. We have observed a total of 10 pregnancies in 8 patients. Six of the patients had acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) and two of them had acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Three of the pregnancies were diagnosed when the leukemia was in remission, six at the time of leukemia diagnosis and one at the time of leukemic relapse. Six of the pregnancies were found in first trimester, three in the second and one early in the third. Three pregnancies ended with spontaneous abortion, three with intrauterine death and three with medical termination. One of spontaneous abortions and one intrauterine death developed during combination chemotherapy (daunorubicin, cytarabine). Only 1 healthy baby survived from the 10 pregnancies and this child was the not exposed to chemotherapeutic agents. None of the cases had gynecologic and obstetric complications. Five of eight pregnant women with leukemia died because of the primary disease.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = death
(Clic here for more details about this article)

12/48. trust violated: analgesics for addicts.

    Shortly before his death in 1995, Kenneth B. Schwartz, a cancer patient at massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), founded The Kenneth B. Schwartz Center at MGH. The Schwartz Center is a nonprofit organization dedicated to supporting and advancing compassionate health care delivery that provides hope to the patient, support to caregivers, and encourages the healing process. The Center sponsors the Schwartz Center Rounds, a monthly multidisciplinary forum where caregivers reflect on important psychosocial issues faced by patients, their families, and their caregivers, and gain insight and support from fellow staff members. Addiction among cancer patients on strong analgesics is a rare but difficult management challenge. The case is presented of a 28-year-old woman with breast cancer and painful bone metastases, suffering with dysfunctional social chaos and addicted to Percocet (oxycodone and acetaminophen). Having broken the trust of her health care team, trust was rebuilt by incorporating the substance abuse clinic and enforcing a contractual agreement. With open and honest support, the team was able to both care for and empower the patient. Issues of trust, liability, opioid tolerance, and barriers to optimal analgesia for cancer pain are discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = death
(Clic here for more details about this article)

13/48. lung cancer during pregnancy involving the products of conception and a review of the literature.

    Approximately 1 per 1,000-1,500 pregnancies is complicated by maternal malignancies. Metastatic involvement of the products of conception is a rare event. There have been 62 cases of placental and/or fetal metastatic involvement originating from maternal cancer reported since 1866. Only 14 cases of lung cancer associated with pregnancy have been documented. We report on an additional case involving the products of conception, and the management of lung cancer in pregnancy is discussed based on an extensive review of the literature. The case of a 29-year-old woman presenting during the 31(st) week of gestation with metastatic non small-cell lung cancer to the placenta, liver and bone is described. The mother was delivered by caesarean section of a healthy baby girl during her 32(nd) week of gestation. The mother's postpartum course was complicated by disseminated pulmonary and bony metastases and malignant pericardial and pleural effusions causing the patient's death within 1 month after lung cancer was diagnosed. Malignancies spreading to the products of conception are melanoma (32%), leukemia and lymphomas (15%), breast cancer (13%), lung cancer (11%), sarcoma (8%), gastric cancer (3%) and gynecologic cancers (3%), reflecting malignancies with a high incidence in women of reproductive age. All lung cancers were diagnosed with widely disseminated, inoperable neoplastic disease, including distant metastases in 46%. The mean age was 35.1 years (range, 30-45 years) and 60% of patients had a history of tobacco use. The mean survival was 7.5 months (range: 1-42 months). placenta involvement was present in 7 out of 15 cases. Fetal involvement was reported in only one case. Because there is no evidence of a direct adverse effect of pregnancy on the course of lung cancer, we recommend delivery at a time when enough fetal maturity can be assumed and the subsequent treatment of the mother.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = death
(Clic here for more details about this article)

14/48. Fatal maternal laryngeal papillomatosis in pregnancy: a case report [corrected]

    Although genital condylomata worsen with pregnancy, we are unaware of any reports of fatal maternal laryngeal papillomatosis. A maternal death at 20 weeks' gestation of a patient with chronic laryngeal papillomatosis is described. Pregnant patients with a history of this disorder who have symptoms should be considered candidates for immediate evaluation.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 376.17252887893
keywords = maternal death, death
(Clic here for more details about this article)

15/48. Ultrasound-guided interstitial laser therapy for the treatment of placental chorioangioma.

    BACKGROUND: Placental chorioangioma is a relatively rare malformation with potential to cause fetal hydrops and even death. We describe ultrasound-guided interstitial laser as a modality for treating chorioangiomas of the placenta. CASE: The patient presented at midgestation with placental chorioangioma resulting in fetal cardiomegaly. Interstitial laser was performed under local anesthesia on two occasions and resulted in arrest of flow through the tumor feeder vessel. CONCLUSION: Interstitial laser therapy in a patient with placental chorioangioma resulted in a successful outcome.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = death
(Clic here for more details about this article)

16/48. Recent onset neurofibromatosis complicating eclampsia with maternal death: a case report.

    Neurofibromatosis in pregnancy has been associated with poor perinatal outcome. A 30-year-old multigravida developed peripheral lesions of neurofibromatosis during the third month of pregnancy. She had eclampsia complicated with fatal left-sided massive intracerebral haemorrhage detected on computed tomography at 8.5 months gestation. Investigations were suggestive of hellp syndrome. A still-born male baby was delivered. In spite of all supportive measures the patient died on the third postpartum day. We conclude that recent onset neurofibromatosis in current pregnancy should be considered as a predictor of potentially adverse maternal and fetal outcome and such pregnancies be managed in tertiary level referral centre.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1504.6901155157
keywords = maternal death, death
(Clic here for more details about this article)

17/48. Advanced disseminated gastric carcinoma in pregnancy.

    Gastric cancers associated with pregnancy are rare and often diagnosed at advanced stages where curative therapies are not possible. The outcomes have generally been very poor with death occurring within months of diagnosis. Suspicion and early endoscopy are necessary for early diagnosis. We herein report a case of advanced disseminated gastric cancer presenting in the third trimester with pre-eclampsia and death occurring less than a month after diagnosis.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = death
(Clic here for more details about this article)

18/48. hyperparathyroidism and pregnancy: case report and review.

    In pregnant women with symptomatic hyperparathyroidism, parathyroidectomy should be undertaken during the second trimester. We feel that the woman who is initially diagnosed well into the third trimester should be treated medically unless the hypercalcemia worsens or other complications occur. Since the treatment of asymptomatic hyperparathyroidism itself is controversial, it is even more difficult to define the treatment plan for an asymptomatic pregnant patient who has primary hyperparathyroidism. However, a recent consensus panel recommended that young patients with asymptomatic hyperparathyroidism be treated surgically. Accordingly, we believe that the asymptomatic pregnant patient should also be treated surgically, preferably in the second trimester. Whether a patient is treated medically or surgically in these situations, the pregnancy should be considered high-risk. The neonate should be monitored carefully for signs of hypocalcemia or impending tetany. If the mother is treated medically to term (or if spontaneous or elective abortion occurs), the mother should be monitored for hyperparathyroid crisis postpartum. Sudden worsening of hypercalcemia can result from the loss of the placenta (active placental calcium transport may be somewhat protective) and dehydration. Finally, every effort should be made to make the definitive diagnosis early in pregnancy in order to initiate optimal management. The diagnosis should be suspected during pregnancy if the following conditions exist: appropriate clinical signs or symptoms (especially nephrolithiasis or pancreatitis), hyperemesis beyond the first trimester, history of recurrent spontaneous abortions/stillbirths or neonatal deaths, neonatal hypocalcemia or tetany, or a total serum calcium concentration greater than 10.1 mg/dL (2.52 mmol/L) or 8.8 mg/dL (2.2 mmol/L) during the second or third trimester, respectively.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = death
(Clic here for more details about this article)

19/48. Coexistence of a prolapsed, pedunculated cervical myoma and pregnancy complications: a case report.

    BACKGROUND: Different types of fibroids may affect reproductive outcome to a different extent, causing infertility and pregnancy wastage. Rectosigmoid compression, prolapse of a pedunculated submucous tumor through the cervix, venous stasis, polycythemia and ascites are infrequently associated with leiomyomas. Uterine leiomyomas arefound in approximately 2% of pregnant women; 1 in 10 causes complications during pregnancy. CASE: A 37-year-old woman, gravida 3, para 2, abortion 0, at 18 weeks of pregnancy, arrived at our outpatient clinic with a complaint of leaking vaginal fluid. On examination, a prolapsed, pedunculated myoma, measuring 5 x 6 x 7 cm, and pooling of amniotic fluid in the vaginal fornix were detected. Antibiotics were started, but the amniotic fluid leak continued, and the fetal heart beat became undetectable after 12 hours of hospitalization. We tried to excise the myoma from the vagina but because it was very large, we could not reach the proximal point it originatedfrom. We dissected the posterior cervical channel, removed the myoma and performed a total abdominal hysterectomy. CONCLUSION: Vaginal myomectomy is recommended as the initial treatment of choicefor a prolapsed, pedunculated submucous myoma except when other indications necessitate an abdominal approach. Use of laminaria and hysteroscopic resection has been mentioned as other treatment choices. In our case a prolapsed, pedunculated cervical myoma was detected along with pregnancy complications, preterm premature rupture of membranes and fetal death. The cause-and-effect relationship between the prolapsed myoma and membrane rupture is unknown. We were unable to perform a vaginal or abdominal myomectomy because the myoma originated in the posterior cervical region, so we had to perform an abdominal hysterectomy.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = death
(Clic here for more details about this article)

20/48. Hematological malignancy and pregnancy: a single-institution experience of 21 cases.

    The incidence of hematological malignancies during pregnancy is low, and treatment in this setting is problematic. This study observed 21 pregnancies in 18 patients with hematological malignancies. patients' ages were between 19 and 43 (median 25) years. Two pregnancies ended with spontaneous abortion, one pregnancy ended with in utero death, three therapeutic abortions were carried out, and 15 infants were born alive but three of them died later. The median birth weight was 2.47 kg. Twelve babies survived to a median age of 36 (range 4-117) months. Eight babies were exposed to chemotherapy during the in utero period. One baby was exposed to chemotherapy during all the trimesters and was born prematurely and later died because of intracranial bleeding. Four babies were exposed to chemotherapy during the first trimester, one of them had low birth weight and floating thumb malformation, two of them had only low birth weight, and one was born healthy, but died at 3 months of age as a result of severe gastroenteritis. Two babies were exposed to chemotherapy during the second and third trimesters; one of them had low birth weight, and the other pregnancy ended in in utero death. One infant was exposed to chemotherapy during the third trimester and was born at term, but died because of pulmonary hemorrhage. We concluded that chemotherapy during all trimesters of pregnancy carries a significant risk for an unfavorable outcome.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = death
(Clic here for more details about this article)
<- Previous || Next ->


Leave a message about 'Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.