Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/11. Successful pregnancy in an infertile patient with conservatively treated endometrial adenocarcinoma after transfer of embryos obtained by intracytoplasmic sperm injection.

    A rare case of successful pregnancy in a woman with early-stage endometrial adenocarcinoma conservatively treated is presented. The patient, having polycystic ovaries, was initially diagnosed with hyperplasia of the endometrium and treated with several cycles of ovulation induction following intrauterine insemination. Then dilatation and curettage were carried out when hysteroscopy was performed. The histology report identified a well-differentiated adenocarcinoma of the endometrium. After repeated endometrial curettage, in-vitro fertilization and embryo transfer were introduced for immediate treatment of the patient's infertility in order to avoid the risk of recurrence of neoplastic endometrial lesions by oestrogens. A single pregnancy was achieved after transfer of the embryos obtained after intracytoplasmic sperm injection. This was performed due to the poor semen characteristics (asthenozoospermia). The patient delivered a healthy normal male infant at term. A transvaginal ultrasound examination 2 months after delivery showed a smooth, linear endometrium. Moreover, the histology report after endometrial biopsy was free of any malignancies. The patient now desires another pregnancy. We conclude that conservative treatment of early-stage endometrial adenocarcinoma in young women wishing to preserve fertility should be considered in carefully selected cases. Assisted reproductive technologies may be helpful for immediate achievement of pregnancy in such patients.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = ovulation
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/11. Clinical management of a quadruplet pregnancy combining a triplet pregnancy with a classical hydatidiform mole: case report and review of literature.

    A 28-year-old Taiwanese woman who had received ovulation induction by clomiphene citrate (CC), follicular-stimulating hormone (FSH), and human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) treatment was diagnosed with a quadruplet pregnancy containing a hydatidiform mole and three fetuses at nine weeks' gestation. Expectant management failed to achieve any viable neonate due to massive antepartum haemorrhage and preterm delivery at 25 weeks' gestation. Five other cases previously reported involving quadruplets or triplets with a complete hydatidiform mole and two or three fetuses are reviewed. All cases ended as premature non-viable fetuses. Analysis of the clinical features, management, and outcome both in our patient and these reports suggest that more efficacious treatment planning, such as selective feticide, should be considered in order to improve the likelihood of attaining an advanced gestational age for a single fetus.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = ovulation
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/11. Complete hydatidiform mole and a coexistent viable fetus: report of two cases and review of the literature.

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report the clinical features, management, and outcome of two cases of complete hydatidiform mole with a coexisting viable fetus and to review the literature. patients: In this article, we report on the well-documented follow-up of 2 cases of twin pregnancies with complete hydatidiform mole and a viable fetus, both of which ended with the delivery of a normal infant at 41 and 26 weeks of gestation. It is of interest that both pregnancies were achieved following induction of ovulation with hMG/hCG. Since 1977, the year in which complete and partial moles were characterized as distinct pathologic entities, 15 cases (including our 2) have been reported. RESULTS: Persistent GTT developed in eight patients (53.3%) and four patients (27.7%) developed metastatic disease. Seventy-five percent patients with persistent GTT were treated with single-agent chemotherapy. The median gestational age of the patients with subsequent persistent GTT was 34.5 weeks compared to 38 weeks in the patients without persistent GTT. CONCLUSION: Complete hydatidiform mole and coexistent fetus is a rare occurrence and is associated with an increased risk of persistent gestational trophoblastic tumor. Based on currently available information, it seems that in the presence of a stable pregnancy, normal karyotype, and a normal sonogram it is reasonable to allow the pregnancy to continue.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = ovulation
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/11. Spontaneous conception in the presence of stage IIIC endometrioid ovarian cancer.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe a rare case of spontaneous conception in a patient with a preexisting metastatic ovarian cancer. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): A 39-year-old Asian woman who conceived while undergoing an evaluation for primary infertility and newly detected bilateral adnexal masses. INTERVENTION(S): Staging laparotomy and total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Anatomic pathology diagnosis. RESULT(S): Blighted ovum and stage IIIC endometrioid adenocarcinoma of ovary. CONCLUSION(S): Metastatic ovarian cancer does not prevent either spontaneous ovulation or spontaneous conception.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = ovulation
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/11. Successful twin pregnancy in panhypopituitarism caused by suprasellar germinoma.

    BACKGROUND: Pregnancy in a woman with hypopituitarism from a suprasellar germinoma is rare. CASE: A 27-year-old woman presented with panhypopituitarism from a suprasellar germinoma. She had diabetes insipidus, hypothyroidism, adrenal cortex dysfunction, and hypogonadotropic ovarian failure. When treated with thyroxin, cortisol, antidiuretic hormone, human menopausal gonadotropin, and human chorionic gonadotropin, she conceived and gave birth to healthy twins. CONCLUSION: Hormonal replacement therapy and ovulation induction resulted in a successful pregnancy in a woman with panhypopituitarism.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = ovulation
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/11. Assisted reproduction in patients with early-stage ovarian malignancies.

    OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcome of women with early-stage ovarian malignancies who subsequently underwent assisted reproductive technologies (art). DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Academic assisted reproductive technology program. PATIENT(S): Four infertile women who were previously diagnosed with early-stage ovarian malignancies. INTERVENTION(S): Controlled ovulation hyperstimulation, IVF, and/or gamete intrafallopian transfer treatments using clomiphene citrate and/or gonadotropins. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Development of tumor recurrence and disease-free interval. RESULT(S): All four women remain free of disease for up to 15 years after treatment. Three of the four women achieved pregnancy. CONCLUSION(S): In patients with early-stage ovarian malignancies, conservative therapy followed by ovarian stimulation for assisted reproduction is an acceptable strategy.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = ovulation
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/11. Implementation of assisted reproductive technologies following conservative management of FIGO grade I endometrial adenocarcinoma and/or complex hyperplasia with atypia.

    OBJECTIVE: The objective was to report a series of infertility therapy outcomes following conservative management of endometrial adenocarcinoma and/or complex hyperplasia with atypia. methods: A retrospective review of the University of iowa assisted reproductive technology database was performed. All women presenting with International Federation of obstetrics and gynecology (FIGO) grade I uterine adenocarcinoma and/or complex hyperplasia with atypia were assessed for type and duration of medical management, initial, interim treatment, and preinfertility treatment endometrial biopsy (BX) findings. Assessment of infertility treatment outcomes and postinfertility endometrial biopsy findings were performed. All of the pathology samples were re-reviewed at the Gynecologic Oncology Tumor Board to confirm the diagnosis by a pathologist with a particular expertise in gynecologic pathology. RESULTS: Four infertile women, three nulligravid and one primigravid, were evaluated with the diagnosis of FIGO grade 1 endometrial adenocarcinoma and/or complex hyperplasia with atypia desiring to preserve fertility. Two women with FIGO grade 1 endometrial adenocarcinoma were successfully treated with high-dose progestational agents resulting in normal proliferative endometrium. In addition, both women with complex hyperplasia with atypia were successfully treated with progestins and/or ovulation induction. Successful pregnancy outcomes were achieved for three of the four women with assisted reproductive technology. A total of five successful pregnancies and eight healthy live-born infants were achieved among three women. One of the four women was unable to conceive despite three cycles of in vitro fertilization. hysterectomy was performed for recurrent complex hyperplasia with atypia. In our series, we found it can take 3-10 months (mean, 6.25 months; median, 6 months) to obtain benign endometrium preceding infertility therapy. CONCLUSION: This report demonstrates that conservative management of well-differentiated endometrial adenocarcinoma and/or complex hyperplasia with atypia followed by aggressive assisted reproduction is an option to highly motivated and carefully selected women.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = ovulation
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/11. Pregnancy following regression of uterine submucosal leiomyoma with GnRH therapy; a case report.

    A patient with a history of two spontaneous abortions, at the 16th and 20th week, respectively, and one intra-uterine fetal death at the 26th week of gestation was investigated. The sole abnormal condition that could be evidenced was a submucosal leiomyoma of 56 mm in diameter in the uterine fundus. Administration of gonadotropin/releasing hormone analog (GnRHa) for 10 months resulted in complete disappearance of myoma. Direct intraperitoneal insemination following induction of ovulation resulted in pregnancy. In a patient harboring uterine leiomyomas, adversely affecting conception and pregnancy outcome, GnRHa treatment may be an initial approach allowing to avoid pelvic surgery. As the beneficial effect of GnRHa might be temporary, assisted reproduction procedures might anticipate conception.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = ovulation
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/11. Pregnancy after in vitro fertilization in a patient with stage I endometrial carcinoma treated with progestins.

    A 35-year-old woman with chronic anovulation and bilateral tubal disease was found during infertility evaluation to have grade I endometrial carcinoma confined to an endometrial polyp. She was treated with polypectomy and endometrial curettage followed by high-dose progestagens for 6 months. Endometrial curettage at 3 and 6 months of therapy indicated regression of the lesion and the patient subsequently achieved successful pregnancy with IVF.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = ovulation
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/11. Effective bromocriptine treatment of a pituitary macroadenoma during pregnancy.

    A 32-year-old woman with 5 years of oligomenorrhea and 2 years of amenorrhea became pregnant after ovulation induced by clomiphene citrate, human menopausal gonadotropin, and human chorionic gonadotropin. Although there were no neurologic or ophthalmologic symptoms before pregnancy, ptosis and diplopia developed progressively from 14 weeks' gestation. Physical, radiologic, and laboratory examinations revealed hyperprolactinemia with pituitary macroadenoma. In an attempt to delay surgery, 7.5 mg bromocriptine was administered daily. The serum prolactin level was lowered and clinical symptoms improved with bromocriptine treatment. The pregnancy continued uneventfully and normal twins were born at 39 weeks' gestation. Two weeks after delivery, a transsphenoidal hypophysectomy was performed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = ovulation
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.