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1/1469. Primary aldosteronism with aldosterone-producing adrenal adenoma in a pregnant woman.

    A 30-year-old pregnant woman complained of muscle weakness at 29 weeks' gestation. She was hypertensive with severe hypokalemia. Lower plasma renin activity and higher aldosterone level than the normal values in pregnancy suggested primary aldosteronism. A cesarean delivery was performed at 31 weeks' gestation because of pulmonary congestion. The neonatal course was uncomplicated. The laparoscopic adrenalectomy for a 2.0-cm right adrenal adenoma resulted in normalizing of her blood pressure and serum potassium level. Although primary aldosteronism is rare, especially during pregnancy, it should be always considered as one of etiologies of hypertension in pregnancy. ( info)

2/1469. Ovarian carcinoma, endometrial carcinoma, and pregnancy.

    A 31-year-old G1 P0 patient with a history of infertility presented with light spotting and cramping at the end of her first trimester. An ultrasonogram at 19 weeks gestation revealed an intrauterine gestation of 21 weeks, a large leiomyoma, and a 8.9 x 6.8 cm complex left ovarian mass. At 35 weeks gestation she had an emergency cesarean section and left salpingo-oophorectomy due to a presumed ruptured ovarian mass. The ovarian mass was diagnosed as a serous cystadenocarcinoma. An exploratory laparotomy with a total abdominal hysterectomy, a right salpingo-oophorectomy, omental biopsy, and periaortic node sampling at 9 weeks postpartum revealed a diagnosis of stage IC ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma and a stage IA secretory endometrial adenocarcinoma. Adjunctive 32P therapy was successfully administered and at this time the patient has had no recurrence. ( info)

3/1469. Uterine malignant leiomyoblastoma (epithelioid leiomyosarcoma) during pregnancy.

    A case of uterine malignant leiomyoblastoma (UML) which was initially mistaken for uterine leiomyoma on two different occasions is presented. About 20 cases of uterine leiomyoblastoma taking a malignant course have been described in the literature. This case of UML is the first diagnosed during pregnancy. In retrospect, tumor tissue removed from the uterus 4 years earlier already showed histological signs of UML. The large and metastatic tumor showed nuclear atypia, a moderate mitotic index, and tumor cell necrosis, indicating malignancy. Treatment consisted of hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and debulking of most other tumor masses. In the literature, radio- and chemotherapy have not proved to be effective in these tumors. Hormonal therapy has only been used in 2 patients. In this patient, hormonal influence on tumor growth may be substantial. The tumor was progesterone- and estrogen-receptor positive and increased in size rapidly during pregnancy. Since little is known about these tumors further studies are necessary to evaluate hormonal influences both as a causative factor and as a therapeutic possibility. ( info)

4/1469. prenatal diagnosis of congenital neuroblastoma. Analysis of 4 cases and review of the literature.

    OBJECTIVE: Advances in prenatal diagnostics during the last 10 years have enabled the examiner to detect even rare fetal disorders such as fetal tumours. Congenital neuroblastoma is the most frequent solid neoplasm in infancy, with a retroperitoneal cystic or solid mass being a sonographic sign of the conditions. methods: We present 4 cases of neuroblastoma showing suspicious prenatal ultrasound findings. The investigation comprises detection during pregnancy, typical sonographic signs, as well as the postnatal outcome. In addition, a review of the literature is undertaken with a focus on prenatal sonographic signs of congenital neuroblastomas. RESULTS: In all 4 cases, a cystic tumour was detected during the 3rd trimester of pregnancy by means of B-mode sonography. One boy died of disseminated metastases at the age of 26 months. The other 3 survived after surgery and have remained healthy. CONCLUSIONS: The detection of a cystic suprarenal mass is suspicious of a congenital neuroblastoma. The delivery should take place at a perinatal centre. ( info)

5/1469. Bone tumors in the pelvis presenting growth during pregnancy.

    Among 56 cases of a giant cell tumor of bone (GCT) and 52 cases of chondrosarcoma (CSA) in our series, four patients were discovered to have a tumor in the pelvic bone that grew in size during pregnancy. These four rare cases are described here. They include three cases of a GCT in the sacrum and one case of a CSA in the innominate bone. The dextran-coated charcoal assay and immunohistochemical techniques demonstrated the independence of these tumors from hormonal regulation despite the growth stimulated during pregnancy. It was concluded that the delay in detection of these tumors in the pelvis was just related to the opportunity afforded for unexpected growth during pregnancy. Surgical management was difficult due to the delay in tumor detection. The initial complaints such as pain, discomfort, or numbness around the pelvis were misinterpreted as symptoms of pregnancy. It should be kept in mind that during pregnancy, any pain or numbness in the pelvic region could be the direct result of a tumor in the pelvic bone. ( info)

6/1469. anesthesia for cesarean section in two patients with brain tumours.

    PURPOSE: To describe two patients with brain tumours where general anesthesia was used for cesarean sections under emergency and urgent conditions. CLINICAL FEATURES (CASE #1): The first patient presented at 38 wk gestation with an acute intracranial tumour herniation, requiring emergency craniotomy and simultaneous cesarean section. General anesthesia was induced with thiopental and vecuronium, maintained with enflurane 1% in O2 100%. Maternal P(ET)CO2 was maintained at 25 mmHg. After delivering a healthy infant, she was given syntocinon, mannitol and dexamethasone i.v. anesthesia was maintained with fentanyl, nitrous oxide 50% in O2 and isoflurane 1% during frontal-lobe tumour resection. CLINICAL FEATURES (CASE #2): The second patient presented at 37 wk gestation for urgent cesarean section because of placental insufficiency. She had had a brain tumour resection four years earlier. An increase in intracranial pressure necessitated craniotomy for decompression at 20 wk gestation. She was further treated with dexamethasone, carbamazepine and radiation for control of cerebral oedema at 34 wk. cesarean section was performed under general anesthesia; rapid-sequence-induction with thiopental and succinylcholine, followed by isoflurane 1% in O2 100%. Syntocinon, fentanyl and atracurium i.v. were administered after delivery of a healthy infant. Although neurosurgeons stood by, their intervention was unnecessary. CONCLUSION: General anesthesia remains safe and dependable for operative delivery in parturients with intracranial tumour. Tracheal intubation allows maternal hyperventilation thereby controlling raised intracranial pressure. Hemodynamic stability is readily achieved to maintain cerebral perfusion. However, a multidisciplinary-team approach is critical for successful patient management. ( info)

7/1469. Focal aneurysmal dilatation of subchorionic vessels simulating chorioangioma.

    Subchorionic vascular aneurysms of the placenta are rare lesions and may present confusion with chorioangioma or focal mesenchymal dysplasia on sonography. To our knowledge, the findings of placental aneurysms have not been reported in the ultrasound literature. We present a case with detailed sonographic evaluation, including spectral and color Doppler and pathological analysis, that was mistaken for chorioangioma prenatally. knowledge of this benign entity may allow the sonologist to recommend conservative management in similar cases. ( info)

8/1469. Hodgkin's disease during pregnancy: diagnostic and therapeutic management.

    OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the possibility that women affected by Hodgkin's disease (HD) during their second or third trimester of pregnancy can safely carry their pregnancy to term. methods: From 1986 to 1997, 6 women came to our Center during the second trimester of pregnancy and were diagnosed as having HD. Three of these 6 patients were treated with chemotherapy before delivery and 3 of them were kept under observation and started treatment after delivery. RESULTS: All 6 women gave birth to a healthy female. CONCLUSIONS: The pregnancy does not worsen the course of the illness and does not compromise long-term clinical remission and recovery. ( info)

9/1469. Desmoid tumor of the larynx complicating pregnancy: a case report.

    Desmoid tumors are locally invasive fibrous neoplasms that arise from musculoaponeurotic structures. We report the first case of a desmoid tumor of the larynx complicating pregnancy. At 21 weeks' gestation fiberoptic and indirect otolaryngologic examination of the patient's larynx revealed a submucosal tumor involving the left true vocal cord, ventricle of the larynx, and false vocal cord. Histopathologic examination revealed areas of extensive fibrosis intermixed with degenerated vocal cord skeletal muscle. Despite a subtotal excisional biopsy, growth of the desmoid tumor continued during pregnancy. Endoscopic evaluation 9 weeks post partum revealed complete regression of the tumor. ( info)

10/1469. Delivery of a severely anaemic fetus after partial molar pregnancy: clinical and ultrasonographic findings.

    The incidence of a normal live fetus and a partial molar placenta is extremely rare. Although triploidy is the most frequent association, a fetus with normal karyotype can survive in cases of partial molar pregnancy. We report a case of partial molar placenta in which a live female baby was delivered at 32 weeks gestation by a 30-year-old woman. At the 18th week, ultrasonographic examination revealed a normal fetus with a huge, multicystic placenta. Chromosomal evaluation by amniocentesis revealed a normal female karyotype (46,XX), and serial biometric measurement of the fetus showed normal growth during pregnancy. There were no obstetric complications until the 32nd gestational week when preterm rupture of the membranes occurred. The electronic fetal heart beat tracing showed a repeated sinusoid pattern and late deceleration after admission. The patient underwent emergency Caesarean section and delivered a 1551-g, anaemic female baby with an apgar score of 1, 4 and 6 at 1, 5 and 10 min, respectively. The baby recovered within 2 weeks after respiratory support and transfusion of packed red blood cells. Although anaemia is one of the risk factors that jeopardize the fetus in the case of partial molar pregnancy, termination is not indicated when the fetus is normal and no complications have occurred. ( info)
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