Cases reported "Pregnancy Complications"

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1/116. spinal cord injury in a fetus.

    In her eighth month of pregnancy a woman was stabbed in the abdomen with a barbecue fork. Upon delivery one week later, the child was noted to have two scars in the thoracic region on the back. The legs were flaccid. Surgical exploration at the age of seven months revealed marked, dense scarring of spinal cord and arachnoid membrane. No similar case was found in the literature.
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keywords = injury
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2/116. Traumatic liver rupture in pregnancy.

    Two pregnant women, 1 in the second trimester and 1 in the third trimester, sustained blunt liver trauma as unrestrained drivers in motor vehicle accidents. One patient had an overt injury that was apparent on computerized tomography and underwent surgical exploration when nonreassuring fetal monitoring occurred. The second patient, discharged after 23 hours of normal observation, returned a day later with overt intra-abdominal hemorrhage from an obvious liver laceration.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = injury
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3/116. Anaesthetic management of a woman who became paraplegic at 22 weeks' gestation after a spontaneous spinal cord haemorrhage secondary to a presumed arteriovenous malformation.

    A 19-yr-old woman developed a paraplegia with a T10 sensory level at 22 weeks' gestation. The spinal injury was caused by spontaneous bleed of a presumed arteriovenous malformation in the spinal cord. She presented for Caesarean section at term because of the breech position of her fetus. The successful use of a combined spinal epidural-regional anaesthetic is described and the risks of general and regional anaesthesia are discussed.
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keywords = injury
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4/116. Use of breath-activated Patient Controlled analgesia for acute pain management in a patient with quadriplegia.

    We report the use of breath-activated Patient Controlled analgesia (PCA) for the provision of analgesia in a quadriplegic patient with traumatic neck injury. This provided good pain relief, decreased opioid complications, improved perceptions of self-control, smoothed recovery and enhanced patient, family as well as staff satisfaction. The setup and principles of its use in a patient with high anxiety and unable to use conventionally activated PCA are illustrated.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = injury
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5/116. A patient with cerebral palsy whose mother had a traffic accident during pregnancy: a diffuse axonal injury?

    A 16-year-old girl had spastic cerebral palsy (CP) with triplegia and focal epilepsy. The patient's past history included her mother's lower abdominal trauma caused by a traffic accident at the 7th month of gestation. Brain examination with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed encephalomalacia at the bilateral parieto-temporal lobes and the left caudate nucleus, segmental narrowing of the splenium of the corpus callosum, dilatation of the left lateral ventricle and an abnormally high intensity at the right posterior portion of the internal capsule. These findings might indicate a diffuse axonal injury (DAI), but not an asphyxic brain damage. In this patient, CP might be caused by an intrauterine DAI when her mother was involved in the accident.
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ranking = 1.25
keywords = injury
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6/116. Suicidal paracetamol poisoning of a pregnant woman just before a delivery.

    The aim of the paper is to present a case of self-poisoning with paracetamol, overdosed just before a delivery. A 21-year-old woman was admitted to Obstetric and gynecology Ward of local hospital in the second stage of physiological delivery, more than 6 hours after she had ingested 19 g of acetaminophen for self-poisoning. She delivered a normal infant weighing 3520 g who had Apgar scores of 10, and then both infant and mother were sent in an emergency ambulance to the nearest poison centre. blood samples for toxicological examination were taken on admission to toxicological intensive care unit i.e. 11 hours post maternal ingestion. acetaminophen levels of both patients were above the acetaminophen overdose nomogram line and the antidote treatment, i.v. N-acetylcysteine was administered according to the protocol: the mother within 11 hours post-ingestion and approximately 4 hours after a delivery; the neonate within 11 hours post maternal ingestion and 4 hours of life. Higher paracetamol concentration in the blood of infant compared to the mother's was noted in the first and then control toxicological examination performed within 35 hours post maternal ingestion. Peak maternal aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activity was 326 U/L within 35 hours and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activity was 262 U/L within 56 hours post-ingestion. The highest neonatal enzyme activity was noted within 11 hours post maternal ingestion of paracetamol, and the elevation was not high. Except moderate anaemia in the mother, no clinical or biochemical symptoms of renal, cardiovascular or CNS injury were stated in the mother or infant. Normalisation in the maternal enzymes activity was stated within 226 hours, while in the neonatal within 58 hours post maternal ingestion. The woman recovered without sequelae and was discharged from hospital on the 11th day following paracetamol overdosing. No evidence of the liver injury was found in the infant either.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = injury
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7/116. Hypocomplementemia correlates with intrauterine growth retardation in systemic lupus erythematosus.

    PROBLEM: The aim of this study was to elucidate fetomaternal risks in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)-complicated pregnancy. METHOD OF STUDY: pregnancy course, complications, and fetal outcome in 82 pregnancies of 55 patients with SLE were investigated. RESULTS: These 82 pregnancies resulted in 14 fetal losses and 66 live births. Without clinical manifestation of SLE-flare, 4 of 8 patients who had low serum complement activity during the pregnancies delivered small-for-date neonates. The rate of the intrauterine growth retardation was significantly higher than that observed in pregnancies with normal complement activity. The frequency of premature deliveries (60%) in patients who received more than 15 mg/day of prednisolone was significantly high when compared with pregnancies maintained by 0-15 mg/day (13.1%). CONCLUSIONS: These data demonstrate the preconceptional and perinatal management necessary in SLE and suggest that the pregnancy with hypocomplementemia, the disease activity, and/or a relatively high maintenance dose of corticosteroid should be carefully managed and monitored.
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ranking = 3309.6407943027
keywords = preconception
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8/116. Radial microbrain form of micrencephaly: possible association with carbamazepine.

    A premature infant exposed to carbamazepine in utero had a markedly undersized brain on cranial ultrasonogram. Postmortem examination of the brain revealed no evidence of hypoxic-ischemic injury, hemorrhage, infarction, congenital infection, or calcification. The normal cortical gyral pattern, normal residual germinal matrix, and normal cortical lamination suggested the diagnosis of a radial microbrain form of micrencephaly.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = injury
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9/116. arthrogryposis multiplex congenita and bilateral mid-brain infarction following maternal overdose of co-proxamol.

    We report a case of arthrogryposis multiplex congenita secondary to fetal hypokinesia in a 41-week gestation infant following antenatal central nervous system injury. The mother's pregnancy was complicated by an episode of attempted self harm, with an overdose of co-proxamol at 22 weeks of gestational age, and by the use of cocaine in combination with excess alcohol intake. Magnetic resonance imaging showed bilateral mid-brain cysts and marked atrophy of the basal ganglia and thalami.
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keywords = injury
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10/116. Functional recovery despite prolonged bilateral loss of somatosensory evoked potentials: report on two patients.

    A bilateral loss of short latency somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) after head trauma or non-traumatic brain damage is normally associated with a deleterious neurological outcome. An adequate recovery in reported in two deeply comatose patients with head trauma or severe hypertensive encephalopathy despite prolonged bilateral loss of SSEPs over days, found in repeated recordings. Hence, a bilateral loss of SSEPs should not be considered alone for prediction of outcome in cerebral injury.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = injury
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