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1/1. A novel Epstein-Barr virus-like virus, HV(MNE), in a macaca nemestrina with mycosis fungoides.

    Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection of humans has been associated with the development of lymphoid malignancies mainly of B-cell lineage, although occasionally T-cell lymphomas have been reported. We describe here the characterization of a novel EBV-like virus (HV(MNE)) isolated from a simian T-cell lymphotropic virus type I/II (STLV-I/II) seronegative pigtailed macaque (macaca nemestrina) with a cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. immunohistochemistry studies on the skin lesions demonstrated that the infiltrating cells were of the CD3( )/CD8( ) phenotype. Two primary transformed CD8( ) T-cell lines were obtained from cultures of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and skin, and, with time, both cell lines became interleukin-2-independent and acquired the constitutive activation of STAT proteins. polymerase chain reaction analysis of the dna from the cell lines and tissues from the lymphomatous animal demonstrated the presence of a 536-bp dna fragment that was 90% identical to EBV polymerase gene sequences, whereas the same dna was consistently negative for STLV-I/II sequences. Electron microscopy performed on both cell lines, after sodium butyrate treatment, showed the presence of a herpes-like virus that was designated HV(MNE) according to the existing nomenclature. in situ hybridization studies using EBV Epstein-Barr viral-encoded rna probes showed viral RNA expression in both CD8( ) T-cell lines as well as in the infiltrating CD8( ) T cells of skin-tissue biopsies. Phylogenetic analysis of a 465-bp fragment from the polymerase gene of HV(MNE) placed this virus within the lymphocryptovirus genus and demonstrated that HV(MNE) is a distinct virus, clearly related to human EBV and other EBV-like herpesviruses found in nonhuman primates.
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