Cases reported "Prolapse"

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11/229. Triangular transchamber suture.

    A 64-year-old woman with a fibrous membrane at the lens plane after traumatic loss of all the iris and massive intraocular hemorrhage had posterior chamber intraocular lens (PCIOL) implantation anterior to the fibrous membrane with a triangular transchamber suture to prevent possible PCIOL-corneal touch and enhance the stability of the PCIOL. After 3 years, the PCIOL remained in a good position and visual rehabilitation was satisfactory and without complications. ( info)

12/229. Neonatal vaginal prolapse.

    We present an unusual case of neonatal vaginal prolapse in a term newborn and review the literature pertaining to this rare condition. ( info)

13/229. cleft palate in a patient with Williams' syndrome.

    cleft lip or palate has not been reported in the medical literature as a part of Williams' syndrome. We present a patient who had cleft palate among other congenital manifestations. This patient's immediate postnatal period clinically seemed to have a Pierre Robin sequence. With the development of the craniofacial complex, microgenia and micrognathia with glossoptosis gradually became apparent. On further assessment, the patient showed other clinical findings that suggested a syndromic association. This required a complete evaluation to discard other conditions that present with low psychomotor development and distinctive facies, such as Kabuki syndrome or fetal alcohol syndrome. The diagnosis for Williams' syndrome was established based on the clinical features and supported by the fluorescent in situ hybridization test. Williams' syndrome has been described as a rare, congenital disorder characterized by physical and developmental problems. Common features include characteristic "elfin-like" facies, supravalvular aortic stenosis, hypercalcemia, low birth weight, slow weight gain, feeding problems, impulsive and outgoing personality, limited spatial skills and motor control, and intellectual disability. Although individuals with Williams' syndrome may show competence in areas such as language, music, and interpersonal relations, their IQs are usually low and they are considered moderately to mildly retarded. ( info)

14/229. Teflonoma presenting as a cystourethrocele.

    We report an unusual case of teflonoma which appeared three years after teflon injection and presented as cystourethrocele. The pathology confirmed the presence of a giant cell reaction compatible with a teflonoma. ( info)

15/229. Incarcerated paraesophageal hernia associated with perforation of the fundus of the stomach: report of a case.

    We report herein a case of incarcerated paraesophageal hernia associated with perforation of the fundus of the stomach. A 71-year-old woman was transferred to our hospital after a diagnosis of gastrointestinal tract perforation had been made at a local hospital. Her history included an esophageal hiatal hernia. A laparotomy was performed which revealed that the antrum of stomach and the duodenal bulb had prolapsed into the esophageal hiatus and become incarcerated. This prolapse had caused stenosis in the corpus of the stomach, resulting in distension of the oral side of the stomach and thinning of the wall. A perforation, 15 mm long, was recognized in the major curvature of the fundus. The patient suffered respiratory failure postoperatively, necessitating respiratory support for 1 week. She was discharged on postoperative day 40. This case report serves to demonstrate that because of the very serious complications that may result from an untreated paraesophageal hernia, elective repair should be performed wherever possible even in asymptomatic patients. ( info)

16/229. Prolapsed cervical myoma after uterine artery embolization. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Cervical prolapse of myomas following uterine artery embolization is an infrequently reported occurrence. CASE: A 40-year-old woman with a history of three prior abdominal myomectomies underwent uterine artery embolization for severe menorrhagia due to myomas. Two weeks later a large cervical myoma prolapsed, requiring an abdominal hysterectomy. CONCLUSION: Cervical myomas should be considered a relative contraindication to uterine artery embolization. ( info)

17/229. A rare type of lesser sac hernia.

    We report herein the case of a female who developed a lesser sac hernia which was a rare type and was strangulated by a hole in the posterior layer of the lesser omentum. In our patient, abdominal computed tomography showed a loop of distended intestines among the liver, gallbladder and stomach. To our knowledge, there has been no previous report of transomental hernia exactly like our present case. ( info)

18/229. Severe penetrating ocular injury from ninja stars in two children.

    The authors describe two cases of penetrating ocular trauma in children resulting from ninja stars. In the first case, despite a scleral laceration, loss of iris tissue, and a vitreous hemorrhage, the child had a good result with a final best corrected visual acuity of 20/20. Unfortunately, the child in the second case did not fare as well. In this case, the child suffered a large corneal laceration and traumatic cataract. He ultimately required a penetrating keratoplasty, and he is currently being treated for amblyopia, strabismus, and elevated intraocular pressures. His best corrected visual acuity is 20/70. ( info)

19/229. Spontaneous subconjunctival orbital fat prolapse: report of three cases.

    Spontaneous subconjunctival orbital fat prolapse is an uncommon but benign entity. It is seldom discussed in the literature, and is sometimes confused with other ocular surface tumors, such as dermolipoma. We present 3 cases, two of which are bilateral, the other being unilateral. Two cases underwent surgical excision due to ocular irritation, and the pathology proved mature adipose tissue compatible with the diagnosis. Computed tomography (CT) was available for 1 case and revealed a fat-compatible radiolucent mass continuous with the intraconal fat. Some other reports have presumed that the intraconal fat was prolapsed from a dehiscence of Tenon's capsule. However, according to our surgical findings, we suggest that the possible weak point for intraconal orbital fat prolapse is between the regions where the rectus muscle tendons penetrate into Tenon's capsule. The fat just bulges anteriorly, but not penetrates the Tenon's capsule and the intermuscular septum. ( info)

20/229. Post-hysterectomy fallopian tube prolapse.

    Post-hysterectomy fallopian tube prolapse is a rare complication with only 80 cases described since 1902. Symptoms are non-specific and often of delayed onset. Final diagnosis is confirmed by vaginal biopsy with salpingectomy being the treatment of choice, preferably performed laparoscopically. Following surgery, complete symptom resolution is usually observed and no recurrence has been reported. ( info)
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