Cases reported "Prostatic Neoplasms"

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1/219. Prostatic cancer with huge cystic degeneration.

    This report details a case of prostatic cancer associated with cystic degeneration. A cystic mass may occur in the pelvis for various reasons. A congenital cyst is associated with an abnormality in the paramesonephric (mullerian) duct or mesonephric (wolffian) duct. An acquired cyst can be classified into three main types, retention, malignant and parasitic, however a cyst accompanying prostatic cancer is rare. In this particular case the size of the cyst under imaging was approximately 15 cm in diameter; this makes it one of the largest among those previously reported.
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ranking = 1
keywords = retention
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2/219. Combined radical retropubic prostatectomy and rectal resection.

    OBJECTIVES: To present our experience with a small series of men who underwent simultaneous radical retropubic prostatectomy and rectal resection. methods: Three men with newly diagnosed prostate cancer were found to have concurrent rectal tumors requiring resection. All three men underwent non-nerve-sparing radical retropubic prostatectomy and abdominoperineal resection (APR) or low anterior resection (LAR) of the rectum at the same operation. In the 2 patients undergoing APR, the levators were approximated posterior to the urethra, and the bladder was secured to the pubis. The patient undergoing LAR had urinary diversion stents placed and a diverting transverse loop colostomy. RESULTS: All 3 patients had excellent return of urinary continence. One patient required reoperation in the early postoperative period for small bowel adhesiolysis and stoma revision. Another patient had a mild rectal anastomotic stricture and a bladder neck stricture; both were successfully treated with a single dilation. No other significant complications occurred in these patients. CONCLUSIONS: Radical retropubic prostatectomy can safely be performed with partial or complete rectal resection in a single operation. A few minor modifications of the standard radical retropubic prostatectomy in this setting are suggested.
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ranking = 2.4065308072422
keywords = urinary
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3/219. carcinosarcoma of the prostate.

    We present a rare case of carcinosarcoma of the prostate occurring in a 60-year-old white male. This diagnosis was initially missed after a transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) had been performed to alleviate the patient's urinary obstructive symptoms. After recurrence of symptoms within a short period, another TURP was performed and the diagnosis of carcinosarcoma was then established. The patient then underwent a radical cystourethroprostatectomy with bilateral lymphadenectomy and ileal conduit diversion. carcinosarcoma of the prostate is a very aggressive disease that often has a poor prognosis, especially when it has spread out of the prostate. Surgical removal of the prostate seems to be the best option for treatment in the select group of patients in which the disease remains confined to the prostate.
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ranking = 1.2032654036211
keywords = urinary
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4/219. Prostate brachytherapy in patients with prior evidence of prostatitis.

    PURPOSE: To refute a misconception that a prior history of prostatitis is a contraindication to prostate brachytherapy. methods AND MATERIALS: Five patients with clinical or pathologic evidence of prior prostatitis were treated with transperineal brachytherapy. Four of the patients received a single i.v. dose of ciprofloxacin (500 mg) intraoperatively. Postimplant antibiotics were not given. The pretreatment biopsy slides were reviewed. RESULTS: Two of the five patients developed postimplant urinary retention requiring short-term catheterization, and both resolved spontaneously. One patient developed what appeared to be an exacerbation of his chronic prostatitis. CONCLUSION: We continue to recommend prostate brachytherapy for the treatment of clinically organ-confined cancer, with no concern about prior clinical or pathologic evidence of prostatitis.
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ranking = 26.529996424016
keywords = urinary retention, urinary, retention
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5/219. Balloon dilation of posterior urethral stricture secondary to radiation and cryotherapy in a patient with a functional artificial urethral sphincter.

    Severe urethral stricture disease as an isolated entity can be a management dilemma. In the patient described here, this problem was associated with prior external-beam radiation and cryosurgical ablation of the prostate, and a functional artificial urethral sphincter (AUS) had been placed. An attempt to relieve partial urinary obstruction while preserving AUS function led to successful balloon dilation proximal to the sphincter cuff.
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ranking = 1.2032654036211
keywords = urinary
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6/219. Malignant phyllodes tumor of the prostate.

    phyllodes tumor of the prostate is rare. We have recently experienced a case of phyllodes tumor of the prostate in a 57-year-old man who complained of urinary retention for 1 year. The epithelial components were positive reactivity for prostate specific antigen. The stromal cells showed nuclear atypia with increased mitotic activity. The tumor was diagnosed as a malignant phyllodes tumor as it invaded into the urinary bladder and rectum, and grew rapidly immediately after operation. We describe the morphological features and immunohistochemical findings of malignant phyllodes tumor and review the literature.
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ranking = 27.733261827637
keywords = urinary retention, urinary, retention
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7/219. nephrotic syndrome due to membranous nephropathy associated with metastatic prostate cancer: rapid remission after initial endocrine therapy.

    A case of severe nephrotic syndrome (urinary protein excretion 12.9 g/day) due to membranous nephropathy associated with untreated prostate cancer and multiple bone metastases is described. A combination of initial endocrine treatment and steroid therapy resulted in normalization of prostate-specific antigen levels followed by a rapid decrease of urinary protein excretion within 4 months. No proteinuria was subsequently detected. Seven months after the initiation of therapy, the patient remained well with complete clinical remission from the nephrotic syndrome. This rapid achievement of remission may have been due to tumor shrinkage by androgen ablation in addition to steroid therapy of the membranous nephropathy. The nephrotic syndrome is a rare complication of prostate cancer, and, to the best of our knowledge, no previous cases have been reported of membranous nephropathy as one of the first disease manifestations.
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ranking = 2.4065308072422
keywords = urinary
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8/219. Epidural compression of the cauda equina caused by vertebral osteoblastic metastasis of prostatic carcinoma: resolution by hormonal therapy.

    A 59 year old man with prostatic carcinoma developed epidural compression of the cauda equina caused by bony expansion from a vertebral osteoblastic metastasis. For medical reasons he could not undergo radiation or surgery. Hormonal therapy alone relieved his low back pain and restored ambulation and urinary function. Postmyelography CT showed that the bony expansion from the vertebra had completely disappeared after treatment. This is the first report of remarkable improvement due to hormonal therapy alone.
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ranking = 1.2032654036211
keywords = urinary
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9/219. A case of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus caused by obstructive uropathy due to prostate cancer.

    Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (DI) secondary to chronic urinary tract obstruction is a rare disease. The exact cause is unknown but it is likely that increased collecting duct pressures cause damage to the tubular epithelium, resulting in insensitivity to the action of arginine-vasopressin (AVP). A 77-year-old man complaining of polyuria and polydipsia was treated with alpha glucosidase inhibitor under the impression of polyuria due to diabetes mellitus. But his symptoms did not improve. water deprivation and AVP administration study revealed that the patient had nephrogenic DI. urinary tract obstruction due to an enlarged prostate was suggested as a principal cause of nephrogenic DI. The patient underwent transurethral resection of the prostate and bilateral subcapsular orchiectomy. After surgery, the urine osmolarity was normalized and the patient became symptom-free. We report a case of nephrogenic DI due to obstructive uropathy which was cured by surgery eliminating obstruction.
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ranking = 1.2032654036211
keywords = urinary
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10/219. Incidental prostate cancer: the importance of complete prostatic removal at cystoprostatectomy for bladder cancer.

    patients with invasive bladder cancer could be at a higher risk for a second malignancy such as an unsuspec- ted prostate cancer. We report a case of muscle-invasive transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder with incidental adenocarcinoma of prostate, and review the literature to highlight the importance of complete prostatic removal to prevent residual disease.
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ranking = 1.2032654036211
keywords = urinary
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