Cases reported "prostatic neoplasms"

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1/1939. brain metastasis from prostatic carcinoma.

    Between 1959 and 1971 there were 91 patients with clinically diagnosed prostatic carcinoma who were autopsied at Roswell Park Memorial Institute. In four of these 91 (4.4%) intracerebral metastasis were found at autopsy, but only in one of these four was the diagnosis arrived at pre-mortem. This report describes the diagnosis and management of intracerebral metastasis from prostate carcinoma. It appears, on the basis of our initial experience, that the clinical diagnosis of this entity deserves more frequent consideration. ( info)

2/1939. Interposition of sural nerve restores function of cavernous nerves resected during radical prostatectomy.

    PURPOSE: The permanent loss of erectile function when both neurovascular bundles are widely resected at radical prostatectomy as well as the successful use of autologous nerve grafts in reconstructive surgery led us to perform bilateral nerve grafts in an effort to restore erectile function in potent patients treated for prostate cancer who underwent radical retropubic prostatectomy and resection of both neurovascular bundles. MATERIALS AND methods: Radical retropubic prostatectomy with deliberate resection of both neurovascular bundles was recommended for high grade, locally extensive prostate cancer in 9 select, sexually active men who reported normal erectile function. After the prostate was removed but before vesicourethral anastomosis an autologous sural nerve graft was interposed between the divided ends of the cavernous nerves bilaterally. Erectile function was monitored by patient interview, questionnaire and nocturnal penile tumescence testing after the operation. RESULTS: Four to 5 months postoperatively patients noticed slowly improving spontaneous erections, as manifested by mild tumescence regularly every several hours. Nocturnal penile tumescence testing with the RigiScan device at 4 to 6 months in 2 cases revealed erections that approached minimal criteria for normalcy. Approximately 14 months after surgery a rigid erection sufficient for penetration and intercourse developed in 1 patient. He described this event as "an erection of substance-hard, not just fluffy." CONCLUSIONS: We have developed a technique using sural nerve grafts to restore continuity of the cavernous nerves, which are resected during radical prostatectomy. The early return of spontaneous partial erections in our patients suggests that interposition nerve grafts may enhance the recovery of erectile function when the neurovascular bundles are resected. ( info)

3/1939. Tc-99m HDP uptake in cardiac amyloidosis.

    amyloidosis is characterized by the soft-tissue deposition of amyloid protein. It may occur as a primary disorder but more often is seen as a manifestation of chronic illness. Scattered reports of the affinity of amyloid for bone scanning agents have appeared over many years. Isolated cardiac uptake of Tc-99m HDP is described in a patient with biopsy-proved cardiac amyloidosis on a background of tuberculosis, prostate cancer, and coronary artery disease. ( info)

4/1939. Novel concept of antisurvival factor (ASF) therapy produces an objective clinical response in four patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer: case report.

    BACKGROUND: osteoblasts and osteoblast-derived survival growth factors, such as insulin-like growth factor i (IGF I), inhibit chemotherapy apoptosis of prostate cancer cells, thereby producing cytotoxic drug-resistant tumor growth, in vitro. methods: We tested a novel therapeutic approach, referred to as antisurvival factor (AFS) therapy, that aimed at reduction of osteoblast-derived IGFs, using dexamethasone (4 mg per os, qD) and growth hormone (GH)-dependent liver-derived IGFs, using a somatostatin-analog (lanreotide, 30 mg, intramuscularly (i.m.), q14D) in combination with triptorelin (3.75 mg, intramuscularly, q28D) to produce a clinical response in 4 patients with progressing hormone-refractory prostate cancer. RESULTS: The patients given ASF therapy exhibited an excellent improvement of clinical performance and a decline of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) within 2 months of ASF therapy. One of them experienced excellent clinical response (normalization of PSA), two experienced good clinical response (decline of PSA of more than 50%), and one experienced stabilization (decline of PSA of less than 50%). CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that this novel concept of combination therapy, using ASF with hormone ablation, is a promising salvage therapy that should be further assessed with a randomized clinical trial. ( info)

5/1939. Ductal ("endometrioid") adenocarcinoma of the prostate.

    Ductal ("endometrioid") adenocarcinoma of the prostate is a rare variant of prostatic carcinoma which may have a different clinical presentation than the more common acinar adenocarcinoma. Ductal adenocarcinoma usually involves the urethra and the large periurethral prostatic ducts with direct spread through the more peripheral ductal system. Centrally located tumours have a much better prognosis than tumours involving the deep prostatic parenchyma. Local recurrence rate is high and five-year survival rate is as low as 24% for adenocarcinomas that have spread to the peripheral prostatic ducts. Although there have been some doubts about the role of hormonal therapy in ductal ("endometrioid") adenocarcinoma of the prostate, it is now agreed that therapeutic regimens should not be different from those offered to patients with conventional acinar adenocarcinoma. ( info)

6/1939. Chronic creatine kinase elevation not associated with HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor treatment.

    OBJECTIVE: To report a case of chronically elevated creatine kinase (CK) concentration that is possibly associated with renal insufficiency and prostatic carcinoma. The goal is to raise awareness among clinicians who monitor CK concentrations in patients receiving hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme a (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors. CASE SUMMARY: Because of an elevated CK concentration, a 64-year-old African-American man with a history of chronic heart disease and renal insufficiency was assessed for possible myositis relating to his treatment with HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors. However, an association between the elevated enzyme concentration and drug treatment could not be clearly established. The patient was subsequently diagnosed with prostatic cancer and underwent a radical retropubic prostatectomy. The CK enzyme concentration declined following the surgery despite continuation of the drug therapy. DISCUSSION: CK is relatively nonspecific because of its wide distribution in human tissues. Although several findings of elevated CK concentrations, particularly the CK-BB isoenzyme, in patients with carcinoma or chronic renal insufficiency have been documented, these may not be common knowledge among clinicians. This case report provides an example of an unusually high CK enzyme concentration that may be linked to prostatic carcinoma and renal insufficiency. CONCLUSIONS: It is important to be aware of different causes for CK enzyme concentration elevation, especially when it is used as a monitoring parameter during HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor treatment. In a case of persistent elevated CK enzyme concentration without evidence of myositis, renal insufficiency may be a contributing factor and malignancy must be ruled out. ( info)

7/1939. Revision hip arthroplasty in patients with a history of previous malignancy.

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The potential association between implants and malignancy has been discussed in the literature, but never as a cause of loosening of joint arthroplasty. methods: The records of all patients who underwent revision arthroplasty at our institution between 1992 and 1995 were reviewed. RESULTS: Among 93 patients who underwent revision hip arthroplasties, 11 (11.8%) had a history of previous malignancy. At surgery, in 2 of these patients, metastasis was found to be the cause of loosening in the affected hip. CONCLUSIONS: When revision hip arthroplasty is considered, patients with a history of malignancy require attenuated pre-, intra-, and postoperative workup. Management algorithm in such cases is proposed. ( info)

8/1939. adenocarcinoma of the prostate with endometrioid features. review of the literature with a report on six new cases.

    Six cases of adenocarcinoma of the prostate with endometrioid features are reported; the literature is reviewed; the pathology and the clinical aspects are discussed along with some theoretical considerations. ( info)

9/1939. Perineal approach to radical prostatectomy in kidney transplant recipients with localized prostate cancer.

    Close urologic follow-up of renal transplant candidates and recipients often reveals prostate carcinoma at an early stage. Two patients who underwent renal transplantation for end-stage disease also underwent radical perineal prostatectomy for localized prostate carcinoma, 3 years after grafting in 1 patient and 4 years before grafting in the other. The perineal approach to prostatectomy may facilitate later renal transplantation and avoid allograft damage. ( info)

10/1939. Interstitial microwave thermoablation for localized prostate cancer.

    The conventional treatment for localized prostate cancer can be associated with significant morbidity and cost. Interstitial microwave thermoablation is a minimally invasive procedure used experimentally to treat selected patients with failed radiation therapy of prostate cancer at our institution. Preliminary results in these patients suggest that this treatment might be a useful alternative in selected patients with previously untreated localized prostate cancer. In this report we describe the first use of percutaneous transperineal interstitial microwave thermoablation to treat a case of primary prostate cancer. There were no treatment complications. At 18 months the patient's serum prostate-specific antigen remains undetectable, and his prostate biopsy shows no evidence of malignancy. These very preliminary but exciting results in this single patient suggest that this experimental technique should be explored further. ( info)
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