Cases reported "Prosthesis Failure"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/108. Fracture of the femoral component associated with polyethylene wear and osteolysis after total knee arthroplasty.

    Fracture of the femoral component associated with polyethylene wear and osteolysis after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has not been well reported before. A 63-year-old man with osteoarthritis of the right knee underwent TKA with a New Jersey LCS knee, with cementing on the tibia and patella but not on the femoral component. After 42 months, in addition to wearing of polyethylene of the tibia and patella, severe osteonecrosis of the medial femoral condyle was noted. osteonecrosis caused loss of osseous support of the medial flange of the femoral component, and the bone ingrowth of the central and lateral flange to the distal femur was so good that it overcame the yield stress of the metal of the femoral component and caused fracture of the femoral component. The osteolytic area was filled with autogenous iliac bone, and a new femoral component was inserted and cemented. The patient's condition became satisfactory with relief of pain. Although uncommon, fracture of the femoral component does occur associated with polyethylene wear and osteolysis.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = metal
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/108. Late failure of the polyethylene liner fixation in an uncemented total hip arthroplasty.

    We report on the failure of fixation of a polyethylene liner of a Harris/Galante first-generation cementless acetabular component (Zimmer, Warsaw, IN). The failure was diagnosed 9 years after implantation. The polyethylene liner was partly dissociated in its metal shell, resulting in nearly complete wearing through of the metal caused by the femoral head. This wearing contributed to severe metallosis and osteolysis around both the femoral and the acetabular component. The possible failure mechanisms are described, and a complete review of the literature is given.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3
keywords = metal
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/108. Intimal hyperplasia within biliary Wallstents: failure of recanalisation by insertion of a second endoprosthesis.

    We report two patients with benign biliary strictures in whom we attempted recanalisation of metallic biliary endoprostheses, occluded by intimal hyperplasia, by the insertion of further endoprostheses within the occluded stents. Initial technical success was achieved in deploying the stents and restoring patency with elimination of mural filling defects. However, we found the intimal hyperplasia to be restrained for less than 48 h. From our initial results it appears that biliary metallic stent occlusion by intimal hyperplasia is not effectively treated by insertion of a second endoprosthesis.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = metal
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/108. Periprosthetic leak and rupture after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: the significance of device design for long-term results.

    We present a case of abdominal aortic aneurysm treated with an endovascular bifurcated aortic graft in which a periprosthetic leak caused by a tear in the polyester prosthesis appeared between 9 and 12 months after surgery. The tear appeared adjacent to a suture breakage that caused separation of two struts of the nitinol wire framework in the body of the stent graft. The leak was sealed with insertion of a new endovascular tube graft into the body of the bifurcation. Eight months later, the patient had a nonfatal rupture of the abdominal aortic aneurysm because detachment of the second limb from the bifurcation caused a new major periprosthetic leak. According to the manufacturer of this device, suture breakage with separation of metal components is commonly seen, but perforation of the polyester prosthesis caused by movement of the metal stent against the fabric has not been reported. It is likely that this occurred in our patient. Detachment of the second limb from the bifurcated stent, causing a rupture, has been described before. Increasing angulation and tortuosity of the stent graft, as a result of either remodeling of the sac or elongation of the stent, and reduced compliance to angulation after the stent-in-stent procedure might have contributed to the detachment in this case.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = metal
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/108. Reactions and complications after the implantation of Endobon including morphological examination of explants.

    In the study described here, the integration of hydroxyapatite (HA) ceramic implants (Endobon) was investigated. These implants have an interconnecting system of pores and are free from foreign protein. The material is not toxic, genotoxic, nor zytotoxic, and it is biocompatible. The progress of integration was investigated by means of clinical and radiological check-ups. From 10 patients, it was possible to obtain samples for histological analysis during a second operation (e.g., metal explantation). Microscopic examination showed bony integration with newly formed bone in direct contact with the HA ceramic; it also showed osteoblasts and osteoid seams. No second operation took place earlier than 4 months after the first operation, yet even after this relatively short period, bony integration was already evident. Clinical observation (based on x-rays, reports of pain, signs of inflammation) showed that in most cases healing was taking place without complications. More general operational complications such as thrombosis or nerve injury were observed in 4 patients. If the implant is not sufficiently protected from mechanical stress, bony integation will not take place, and the implant may fracture. HA ceramic, with a porosity between 30% and 80%, is not comparable to cortical bone but only to spongy bone. This factor must be taken into account when deciding whether a HA ceramic implant is indicated.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = metal
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/108. Failure of a metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty from progressive osteolysis.

    Ultra-high-molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) wear, debris-induced osteolysis is a frequent cause of failure of total hip arthroplasty. Metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty eliminates the generation of UHMWPE particulate debris. Although the volumetric wear of a metal-on-metal articulation may be lower than a metal-UHMWPE articulation, the number of particles may be higher. osteolysis can develop in response to metallic and UHMWPE debris. The following case of massive osteolysis associated with large amounts of cobalt-chrome wear debris shows adhesive and abrasive wear mechanisms, as well as wear caused by third-body cobalt-chrome debris and impingement of the femoral component against the rim of the acetabular cup, which led to failure of a metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 15
keywords = metal
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/108. Successful repair of a ventricular assist system percutaneous lead.

    A patient with an implanted, electrically powered, ventricular assist device (Thermo Cardiosystems VE HeartMate) experienced a partial break of the percutaneous lead 5 months after implantation. The break (limited to the Silicone rubber tube) occurred at the junction of the lead with the Y-connector to the controller and vent, leaving approximately 5 cm of exposed lead from the skin exit site to the connector. Electronic and pumping functions of the pump continued, but the opening in the lead (which went more that half way around the circumference) prevented the use of pneumatic actuation as a back-up mode for pump operation, and placed the pump at risk for contamination. Repair of the lead without surgical intervention was desirable, with ease of repair and minimal risk to the patient being the top priorities. The use of multiple layers of heat-shrink tubing or external metal stents was ruled out in favor of a three stage repair procedure. The first stage involved the removal of the Dacron velour in-growth material from the lead to expose the underlying Silicone rubber tube. While the opening in the tube was held shut, a coating of medical grade Silicone rubber adhesive was applied to the tube, then wrapped with a woven Dacron mesh, followed by two layers of plastic wrapping material to protect the adhesive. This initial layer was secured by an external stent of tubing with cable ties. After several days to allow for complete curing of the adhesive, the adhesive coating with mesh was repeated. The final step involved a double layer wrap of a 1 mm thick Silicone rubber sheeting with mesh incorporation and adhesive secured in place with cable ties. After completion of the repair and verification of the ability to operate the device with pneumatic actuation, the patient was discharged with no recurrence of the problem after 8 months of weekly follow-up. This experience demonstrates the need to clinically anticipate component repair or replacement without total device replacement in future implantable blood pump systems.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = metal
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/108. rupture of pseudointima in an implanted vascular prosthesis: immunohistological study of plasminogen activators and matrix metalloproteinases.

    We investigated late-onset anastomotic stenosis in an implanted prosthetic graft. rupture of the pseudointima and hemorrhaging from the vasa vasorum were observed at the border of the collagenous tissue and fibrin layer. An immunohistological study showed that the fibrin layer was positive for tPA, but weakly positive for PAI-1. Some neutrophils and monocyte/macrophages in the fibrin layer were immunostained for tPA, uPA, uPAR, and MMP-1, -2 and -3. Some spindle-shaped cells surrounding the graft were immunostained for uPA, uPAR, MMP-1, -2, -3, -7 and -9, and TIMP-1 and -2. The endothelial cells of some microvessels were positive for MMP-1 and -2, and tPA. Some multi-nucleated giant cells were immunostained for MMP-7 and-9, tPA, PAI-1, uPA, and uPAR. Overexpressed MMPs and PAs possibly caused instability of the pseudointima.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 4
keywords = metal
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/108. Palliation of pyloric stenosis caused by gastric cancer using an endoscopically placed covered ultraflex stent: covered stent inside an occluded uncovered stent.

    A 71-year-old man developed pyloric stenosis caused by gastric cancer. vomiting and nausea resolved after the insertion of an uncovered Ultraflex stent (length 10 cm, inner diameter 18-23 mm) through a 7-cm-long stenosis, and the patient was able to eat a soft diet. After 6 weeks, stent occlusion occurred due to tumor ingrowth and accumulation of food residue. Endoscopic observation showed a very narrow residual lumen. A covered Ultraflex stent (length 10 cm, inner diameter 18-23 mm) was inserted through the first stent and expanded to its maximum diameter over the next 2 days. The patient's vomiting and nausea improved rapidly. He died 6 months after the second stenting procedure, from metastatic tumor spread, having remained free of nausea and vomiting. In this case, a covered metallic stent prevented tumor ingrowth and maintained gastrointestinal patency.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = metal
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/108. serum titanium level for diagnosis of a failed, metal-backed patellar component.

    A case is presented in which an elevated serum titanium level was used to make the diagnosis of a failed metal-backed patellar component. The preoperative serum titanium level was 536.8 ppb, which was 98 times higher than the patient's previous level (taken 1 year earlier, when he was asymptomatic) and 2 orders of magnitude higher than the expected level with a well-functioning implant of this type. Revision surgery confirmed that the polyethylene portion of the patellar component had worn through, leaving the titanium portion of the patellar implant to articulate with the femoral component. Wear-through was not evident on preoperative radiographs or clinical examination. As knowledge about the expected ranges for serum metal ion levels after total joint arthroplasty continues to increase, the diagnostic utility of serum metal ion testing in the evaluation of joint arthroplasty function will continue to improve.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 7
keywords = metal
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Prosthesis Failure'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.